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Music and the Treatment of Children with Autism: Lessons from Piano Pedagogy
Transcript of Music and the Treatment of Children with Autism: Lessons from Piano Pedagogy
Music and the Treatment of Children with Autism
10-17% (Autism Society of America, 2010)
1 in 88 (US Centers for Disease Control, 2011)
Revision to diagnostic criteria to come in DSM-V
"autism is characterized by qualitative impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted, repetitive, stereotyped behavior, interests, and activities" (APA, 2000)
Music Therapy: a goal-oriented therapeutic method that uses musical means to address non-musical deficits
Arc and development
of music therapy
A. C. Sherwin, 1953
Staum and Flowers, 1964
J. Alvin, 1993
Fundamental goals of music therapy
“(1) to increase the child’s awareness of himself and others, (2) to improve his ability to communicate this awareness, and (3) to help the child improve his self concept by giving him a sense of competence in being able to do something which is significant to others” (Kessler, 1967)
moving from familiar to unfamiliar (Goldstein 1964, Wigram 2000)
use of improvisation to communicate (Thaut 1982)
from gross motor movement to fine motor movement (Hollander 1974, Thaut 1982)
consistency with other professionals and parents (Adamek & Darrow 2007)
Warm-up: Marching with the beat!
Challenge: March and clap
What is a half-step?
Space music improvisation
Play line three of "The Whirlwind"
Our piano bench is a drum!
Assign last line of piece for next week
Bonus Ipad time!!!
Alignment with other professionals:
-how is practicing going at home?
-what are current behavioral goals?
-any changes in reward system?
-should I know about any other updates?
Meeting with parent:
Most applicable to piano pedagogy
F. Hollander- Orff-Schulwerk
Michael Thaut- compiled common methods
Adamek and Darrow
movement paired with rhythm and chant
children able to connect nonverbal knowledge (body parts, names of different objects)
F. Hollander (1974)
review of music therapy techniques
develop language, socio-emotional skills, cognitive ability, motor skills
ties etiological and diagnostic characteristics to musical characteristics
Michael Thaut (2000)
Music in Special Education
overview of trends involving students with disabilities
specific chapters for different impairments
behavioral troubleshooting strategies
specific approach strategies
Adamek and Darrow (2010)
Accordino, R., Comer, R., & Heller, W. B. (2007). Searching for music's potential: A critical examination of research on music therapy with individuals with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1, 101-115.
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Alvin, J. (1969). Work with an autistic child. In British Society for Music Therapy (Ed.), Music therapy for autistic disability: A collection of articles on autism published in the British Journal of Music Therapy 1968-87, the Journal of British Music Therapy 1987-93, and conference papers of the BSMT 1960-92 (pp. 1-5). Hertfordshire, England: Editor.
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