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Matter

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by

Theone Rinaudo

on 11 September 2015

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Transcript of Matter

Matter
A compound that
contains ONLY
2 elements
Elements
Elements cannot be DECOMPOSED by chemical means.
All atoms of the same element have all the same properties
Pure Substances
matter that contains particles
that have all the same properties.
Mixtures
any combination of substances that has uniform composition and properties; a mixture that is uniform throughout
2 or more substances NOT chemically combined.
Substances are physically combined and
can be separated by ordinary means such
as evaporation, freezing, filter, magnetism
Homogeneous Mixtures
any combination of substances that does not have uniform composition and properties; a mixture of physically distinct substances with different properties
Heterogeneous Mixtures
Compounds
2 or more elements chemically combined
can
be decomposed chemically
always exist in a definite proportion
Ternary
Compounds
Compounds that
contain 3 or
more elements
Any thing that has mass and takes up space
Phases of Matter

Energy is
NOT
matter! Energy is the ability to do work and MOVE matter. We will dedicate an entire topic to the concepts of energy
SOLIDS
Definite Shape
Definite Volume

LIQUIDS
Takes the shape of the container
Has definite volume
GASES
No definite shape
No definite volume
Gases completely take the shape and volume of the container they occupy
Monatomic
elements that exist as a single element
Examples: He, Ne, Al, Na
Diatomic
elements that exist in pairs
Examples:
Br, I, N, Cl,
H, O, F
Binary
Compound
Examples:
solutions
Examples:
aqueous
How would you draw gas molecules?
Check NOTES*
What does that mean?
If Neon were drawn as a Gas.
Draw Hydrogen as a gas
HOFBrINCl
Symbol:
short hand of letters that represent an element
How would you draw Liquid water - H O ?
2
Oxygen-
Hydrogen-
How would you draw Gas - CH Cl?
Carbon-
Hydrogen-
3
Chlorine-
Which one is
NOT a
Compound?
A
B
C
1
2
3
Full transcript