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Transcript of Planning Theory
Communication Gap "Technocrats" in Economic Theory The multinational company represents the epitome of organizational complexity... John Maynard Keynes He famously said... Friedrich Hayek Moving Forward... ... is an evolutionary process Communicative Action
John Forester - UC Berkeley Collaborative Planning “The present danger,” says Viktor E. Frankl, a psychiatrist of unshakable sanity, “does not really lie in the loss of universality on the part of the scientist, but rather in his pretence and claim of totality. . . . What we have to deplore therefore is not so much the fact that scientists are specializing, but rather the fact that specialists are generalizing.”
E. F. Schumacher
A Guide for the Perplexed From WWII onwards, the criticism of "expert knowledge" represents a recurring theme of economic historians. The father of "Keynesianism" and the "Welfare State" Yes, that is Keynes in an
armchair. Peter Hall said... "For economists, he might as aptly have substituted planners. [The visionaries of yesterday] had their posthumous vindication in the world of practical affairs; even some might say, their revenge on it."
(Hall 2, 1988) The pencil... A simple object? "The planner works chiefly with processed knowledge abstracted from the world and manipulated according to certain postulates of theory and scientific method."
(Friedmann 18) The Life of a Dialogue 1. Otherness 3. Conflict 4. Communication 5. Commitment 6. Trust NOW! 2. Authenticity KEY CONCEPTS Limits to Growth Recursive Social Learning Subject-matter-related communication Mutual Learning Actor-Network Theory
& Planning Theory “Is a science of the social possible again provided we modify, because of what has been learned from sociology of science, what is meant by ‘social’ and what is meant by ‘science’?" (Latour, 2005). Actor Network Theory Setting the Context 1947 Town & Country Planning Act 1970's Planning
"Paradigm Crisis" 1950's The Systems Revolution Reference Group Person-centered Communication Processed Knowledge Personal Knowledge Late 1960's John Kenneth Galbraith A Critic of the Modern Technostructure Galbraith said... “The shortcomings of economics are not original error but uncorrected obsolescence. The obsolescence has occurred because what is convenient has become sacrosanct. Anyone who attacks such ideas must seem to be a trifle self-confident and even aggressive. The man who makes his entry by leaning against an infirm door gets an unjustified reputation for violence. Something is to be attributed to the poor state of the door.”
John Kenneth Galbraith,
The Affluent Society Actor-Network Theory in Plain English [Video File]. (2009, November 16). Retrieved from Supere Aude "Dare to Know!"
Carpe Diem "Sieze the Day!" As technological tools become incorporated into participatory processes, how might this either support or inhibit some of Friedmann's objectives--to build relationships and two-way communication--of transactive planning?