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Transcript of Antonin Dvorak
Antonin Dvorak was born in a
small village in Bohemia called Nelahozeves.
The Early Days
Dvorak passed away from heart failure on May 1st, 1904.
Please wait for instructions on how to discuss answers with a student next to you...
Born: September 8th, 1841
Died: May 1st, 1904
Bohemia is now known as the Czech Republic, which is a small country in Europe.
From an early age, Dvorak was drawn towards music.
Along with being an inn keeper and a butcher, Dvorak's father was also a professional musician. Although he wanted him to grow up to be a butcher, he was a big supporter of his son's musical goals.
As he attended other music schools, Dvorak also learned how to play
PLEASE NOTE: ANTONIN DVORAK WAS NOT A CAT!!!
Inspiration: What does it mean?
To be inspired by something means that you are influenced, guided, or moved to create or do something.
We can be inspired by a person, a place, a memory, anything!
Artists and musicians create based on what inspires them.
What inspires you to do what you do?
CZECH IT OUT!
One huge inspiration in Dvorak's life was his homeland: The Czech Republic!
(Previously known as Bohemia)
As a boy, Dvorak was immersed in the music of his people. This included folk songs and traditional songs of his native land.
Slavonic Dance #1 in C Major: Furiant
Slavonic Dance #2 in E minor: Dumka
Dvorak was inspired by these slavic folk songs when he wrote the Slavonic Dances (a collection of 16 works that are based on traditional slavic folk songs).
Furiant: a lively dance in 3/4 time.
Listen to the first two Slavonic Dances.
Dumka: a dance with an often melancholic feel; literally means "thought"
How are they the same? How are they different?
Love & Other Cute Things
By the time Dvorak was 18, he was a full-time professional musician.
He played viola professionally in a theater orchestra.
How much did he make?
Oh... about $7.50...
(this comes to about $0.25 every day)
It was through these lessons that he met Ms. Josefina Cermakova.
In an attempt to win her love, Dvorak composed the song cycle, "Cypress Trees", which was inspired by her.
Sadly, this did not work, and she married another man...
...so he married her sister, Anna Cermakova, instead.
To make some extra money, Dvorak began teaching piano lessons on the side.
A New Symphony for the New World
Dvorak worked as a teacher and a performer throughout Europe, but his career took a huge leap when he was offered a job in the "New World".
What do you think we mean by the "New World"?
In 1892 Dvorak was offered a job as the director of the National Conservatory of Music in NEW YORK CITY!!
During his time in America, Dvorak studied the folk songs of Native Americans and African Americans.
He felt that this music would be a strong foundation for American music.
Dvorak's final symphony, Symphony #9 "From the New World", was inspired by Native American and African American folk songs.
Behind him, he left a tremendous musical career.
14 string quartets
16 Slavonic dances
AND MUCH, MUCH, MORE!
He is remembered through the Czech Republic, America, and other parts of the world for his sense of nationalism and musical contributions. In fact, a statue was put up in his honor at Stuyvesant Square.