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Andrea Lama Muiño

on 12 April 2013

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DE OURENSE (GALICIA) ORIGIN My grandparents emigrated to Cuba in search for work, their four daughters were born there, including my great-grandmother Josephine. They emigrated to Galicia. ARGENTINA CUBA´S ECONOMIC OURENSE CAUSES ECONOMIC SOCIO CULTURE BETTER ECONOMY 1952 HISTORY My great grandparents emigrated to Argentina when my grandmother was two years old. For family reasons they decided to emigrate. Her brothers were born there and when my grandmother was 14 years old when they returned to La Coruña to finish their studies. FAMILY OURENSE (GALICIA) CAUSES CAUSES ECONOMIC SOCIO CULTURALE LOVE Its 40 million inhabitants average human development index, per capita income and quality of life, which are among the highest in Latin America. According to the World Bank, nominal GDP is 25. º most important in the world, but considering the overall GDP purchasing power transformed the country into 21. Third largest economy in the world. In 2010, Argentina was classified as upper-middle income country or an emerging market by the World Bank also. Argentina is a state, organized as a representative republic and federal, located in the southeastern corner of South America. Its territory is divided into 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires, Argentina's capital and seat of government federal.Su American mainland, which covers much of South America, bordered to the north by Bolivia and Paraguay, northeast Brazil, Uruguay on the east and the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south and west by Chile.
On May 25, 1810 independence was achieved de facto when he was deposed the last Spanish viceroy who ruled from Buenos Aires, organized the First Government and the July 9, 1816 was formally proclaimed independence in San Miguel de Tucuman.
        It has an area of 2,780,400 km ², is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world, the second largest state in Latin America, fourth in the Americas and eighth in the world, considering only the land area subject to effective sovereignty. Considering the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, South Sandwich and Aurora (administered by the United Kingdom but of sovereignty dispute with Argentina), sought more Antarctic area south of latitude 60 ° S, called Antarctica Argentina (which includes South Orkney and South Shetland Islands), the total would amount to 3,761,274 km ², making it the seventh largest country in the world. However, this claim is affected by the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty, without its signature constitutes a waiver. The sister of my great-grandfathers was already there, in Argentina and encouraged them to go there. FAMILY Orense (in Galician and officially, Ourense) is a Spanish town and municipality, capital of the province of Orense (Galicia). Galicia is the third largest city by population, after Vigo and La Coruña, and the most populous inland Galicia, with 108,673 inhabitants according to INE 2010. It is located in the southeast of Galicia and is bisected by the River Minho.
    The origin is Roman city, although there are doubts about the etymology of the name Orense. The first theory is that it was named by the Romans possibly as 'City of Gold' (Auriense) for its huge abundance of this metal, which made ​​it an important city in the Roman province of Hispania until exhausted their reserves prized yellow metal, which could be found during the Minho river itself. Another theory states that the name of the city was coming from the Latin aquae burning ("scorching water"), or the German warmse ("warm lake"), known for its hot springs, known as Burgas (name derived from the low Latin burqa , that means battery). Nevertheless this discussion the fact is that during the Roman period we built a bridge over the Minho, protected by a small garrison, which was part of a branch of the Via XVIII linking Asturica Bracara Augusta and Augusta and that the population center was in the vicinity of the present Place Mayor.After of Roman rule, Orense remained an important city due to the bridge over the river Minho, whose pillars are still Romans and has been rebuilt several times to throughout history. This strategic location made ​​the city an important commercial center since the Middle Ages. Cuba is a country which is an archipelago in the Caribbean Sea, also known as the Caribbean Sea. The main island, known as the Island of Cuba, is the largest of the Greater Antilles and has orogenic origin. Also part of the archipelago the Isla de la Juventud, and a multitude of small islands or cays surrounding the above, between these keys are: Cayo Coco, Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo, Cayo Jutia, among others. To the north are the United States and the Bahamas, west Mexico, south of the Cayman Islands and Jamaica and the island's southeast Spanish.

Cuba is ranked 51 in the "Human Development Index" prepared by the United Nations Organization (fourth among Latin American countries, after Chile, Argentina and Uruguay).

Furthermore, according to the data the country provides to the UN, Cuba would be the only country in the world that meets the two criteria for the WWF, signify the existence of sustainable development: high human development (HDI> 0, 8) and sustainable ecological footprint THE COUNTRY, CUBA Cuba has a dual economy, with two distinct systems operating side by side. The socialist peso economy applies to most Cubans, providing them with free education, free health care, universal employment, unemployment compensation, disability and retirement benefits and the basis necessities of life: food, housing, utilities and some entertainment at very low cost. The free-market dollarized economy operates in the tourist, international and export sectors, and substantially sustains the socialist economy. The country's population is approximately 11 million. The Government continues to control all significant means of production and remained the predominant employer, despite permitting some carefully controlled foreign investment in joint ventures. Foreign companies are required to contract workers only through state agencies, which receive hard currency payments for the workers' labor but in turn pay the workers a fraction of this (usually 5 percent) in local currency. In 1998 the Government rescinded some of the changes that had led to the rise of legal nongovernmental business activity when it further tightened restrictions on the self-employed sector by reducing the number of categories allowed and by imposing relatively high taxes on self-employed persons. In September 2000, the Minister of Labor and Social Security publicly stated that more stringent laws should be promulgated to govern self-employment To help keep the economy afloat, Havana actively courts foreign investment, which often takes the form of joint ventures with the Cuban Government holding half of the equity, management contracts for tourism facilities, or financing for the sugar harvest. A new legal framework laid out in 1995 allowed for majority foreign ownership in joint ventures with the Cuban Government. In practice, majority ownership by the foreign partner is practically nonexistent. By the end of 2000, nearly 400 joint ventures were operating in Cuba, representing investment by 46 countries of between $4.2 billion and $4.5 billion, although about 70 of these would not be considered foreign investment by international standards because they operate outside of the country. Many of these investments are loans or contracts for management, supplies, or services normally not considered equity investment in Western economies. Investors are constrained by the U.S.-Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act that provides sanctions for those who "traffic" in property expropriated from U.S. citizens. As of August 2002, 18 executives of two foreign companies have been excluded from entry into the United States. More than a dozen companies have pulled out of Cuba or altered their plans to invest there due to the threat of action under the Libertad Act. In 1993 the Cuban Government made it legal for its people to possess and use the U.S. dollar. Since then, the dollar has become the major currency in use. To capture the hard currency flowing into the island through tourism and remittances--estimated at $800 million to $1 billion annually--the government has set up state-run dollar stores throughout Cuba that sell food, household, and clothing items. The gap in the standard of living has widened between those with access to dollars and those without. Jobs that can earn dollar salaries or tips from foreign businesses and tourists have become highly desirable. It is common to meet doctors, engineers, scientists, and other professionals working in restaurants or as taxi drivers. Cuba's precarious economic position is complicated by the high price it must pay for foreign financing. The Cuban Government defaulted on most of its international debt in 1986 and does not have access to credit from international financial institutions like the World Bank, which means Havana must rely heavily on short-term loans to finance imports, chiefly food and fuel. Because of its poor credit rating, an $11 billion hard currency debt, and the risks associated with Cuban investment, interest rates have reportedly been as high as 22%. REASONS END bibliography http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-I2qCd2IKqIw/T7-0DbHayKI/AAAAAAAACAo/bJtZCgTCUt0/s1600/argentina.jpg




http://fotosymapas.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/mapamundi-continentes-mares-y-oceanos-jpg.gif?w=780 Información Familia Andrea Lama Muiño http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentina


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