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Describe the difference between paralysis and paresis. How d

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mackenzie lawlor

on 24 September 2014

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Transcript of Describe the difference between paralysis and paresis. How d

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Flaccid Paralysis
The difference is...
Paresis- means weakness or inability to move a body part, often used to describe a neurologic condition. For example, para-paresis means someone cant move their legs, and hemiparesis refers to someone being unable to move one side of their body, such as their right arm and right leg.

Paralysis- Complete loss of strength in affected limb or muscle group. May be partial, which allows the patient to experience some sensation, or complete which mean no muscle function
Flaccid Paralysis
Flaccid paralysis is a condition characterized by extreme weakness of muscles and loss of muscle tone
Malfunction of the lower motor neuron
Patients with flaccid paralysis may experience sensation, but they lose voluntary control of muscle movements due to atrophy or the loss of muscle mass
Spastic Paralysis
Spastic paralysis is a condition characterized by increase in muscle tone and stiffness
Muscles are affected by persistent spasms and exaggerated tendom reflexes because of damage to the CNS which causes the increase/exaggerated tendon reflex
Misfire of the motor neuron
the most common muscle spasms that happen are those that bend at the elbow (flexor) or extend at the leg (extensor)
Spasticity is usually caused by damage to the portion of the brain or spinal cord that control voluntary movement. The normal flow of nerve messages to the reflex center in the brain is interrupted, the spinal cord then attempts to moderate the body's response, which causes the uncontrollable contractions, abnormal tones and jerking movements of the muscles
Interferes with daily life, but many people are not greatly bothered by spastic paralysis
What is the difference between paralysis and paresis?
Describe the difference between paralysis and paresis. How does flaccid paralysis differ from spastic paralysis?
Treatment
The doctor determines the location of activity using evaluation and testing. Once the amount of muscle activity is determined, a therapist can help the patient regain some strength and muscle tone by reinforcing correct movements.
Treatment
Physical therapy, including muscle stretching, range of motion exercises, and other physical therapy regimens can help prevent joint contractions and reduce symptoms. Some doctors recommend Botox as a treatment for spasms since it acts as a nerve block. Other doctors may recommend surgery for tendon release or to sever the nerve-muscle pathway in children (but this is only for children with cerebral palsy)
How does flaccid paralysis differ from spastic paralysis
Game Time
Flaccid vs. Spastic
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