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The Influence of Hollywood on German Cinema

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Mandy Schwarze

on 30 June 2014

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Transcript of The Influence of Hollywood on German Cinema

Thank you
for your attention :)

Stylistic Characteristics and Cinematic Techniques
The Influence of Hollywood
on German Cinema

Studios
increases plot pace and tension
suggests parallels or contrasts
Cross-Cutting
Varying shot lengths
alternating camera distances
Shot Reverse Shots vs. Establishing Shots
Editing
Three-Point Lighting: Key, fill, and back light
often appears to originate from sources natural to the scene
aimed at creating subtle psychological effect without calling attention to itself
Lighting
Narrative
aims at realism
subtle and natural acting
focus on gestures and facial expressions with medium long and medium shots
Acting
only very few cuts
focus on "natural charm" rather than distracting the viewer through superficial editing
eye should naturally move from frame to frame
result: a smooth and continuous flow of frames
Continuity-Cutting
decor, lighting, camera placement and other elements of mise-en-scène aim at subtlety
main goal: manufacturing realism
Other elements of
mise-en-scène
is all about showing the "truth" by mirroring the actual world
representation of serious or social issues as diseases, divorce, etc.
aims at a style, that is
invisible
to the viewer
factory-like
emphasis on division of labor
increasing technical expertise
Realism in German Cinema
strong plot
linearity of time, place and logic
clearly structured with beginning, middle part and end as three act: setup, confrontation and resolution
Epochs of German Cinema
The beginnings of German Cinema: 1895
Early 19th century: from fairground cinema to Americanisation
Weimar Republic (1918-1933): booming industry
Nazi Germany (1933-1945): film-makers leave the country
East & West 1945-1989: big movie industry vs. movies from around the world
New German Cinema (1960-1980): Oberhausen Manifesto
New German Comedy (Late 1980s + 1990s): influence of Hollywood mainstream
Since 2000
Review
European Cinema vs. Hollywood Cinema
artistic
alternative
low budget
sophisticated
vs.
vs.
vs.
vs.
commercial
mainstream
high budget
entertaining
Periods of Hollywood Cinema
Classical Hollywood Cinema 1917-1960
Hollywood studio system
'Post-classical' Hollywood Cinema 1960-
Blockbuster Era
---> 'classical' features still valid
Ways of Proving the Influence of Hollywood on
Contemporary German Cinema
economical
criteria
institutional
criteria
aesthetic
criteria
Hollywood Cinema
Thesis
"Contemporary German Cinema is more and more abandoning themes and stylistics of depression and expressionism in favour of Americanisation and commercialisation."

Conclusion
Thesis
"Contemporary German Cinema is more and more abandoning themes and stylistics of depression and expressionism in favour of Americanisation and commercialisation."
Trailer
Hollywood Characteristics
Use of classical Hollywood cinematic techniques.
Superficial plot construction; romantic comedy
Influence of American culture
Use of colloquial language
Screenshots from "Keinohrhasen", 2007
"The white ribbon" Clips from the trailer, 2009
"Keinohrhasen", 2007
"Männerherzen", 2009
Do you have any questions?

Have you noticed a trend towards Americanisation in films from your respective countries? If so, do you like it or do you think it is a problematic development?
Clip from "Vincent wants to sea", 2010
Full transcript