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19th Century Feminism in Norway

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Josh Dutton

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of 19th Century Feminism in Norway

19th Century Feminism in Norway
1845-“Law on the vast majority for single women” changed age majority to 25
1840-Women working in textile mills and tobacco factories
Literature was still biased.

1850-Women status considered “incapable”
1854- Rule of Christian V (sexist) lapsed and equal inheritance for both sexes became the rule
1855-Camilla Collett writes
The Daughters of the Prefect
1863-Age of majority changed to 25 for men and women with exceptions to widows divorced and separated who became major “regardless of age”
1869-Age of majority reduced to 21. Committee of law believed women matured more rapidly than men
1866-Free enterprise for everyone except married women

1871-George Brandes initiated The Modern Breakthrough (that literature serve progress)
The Big Four:
Henrik Ibsen
Bjornstjerne Bjornson
Alexander Kielland
Jonas Lie
1877-Aasta Hansteen inspires Henrik Ibsen’s
The Pillars of Society
A Doll’s House-Ibsen
Leonarda- Bjornson

A Glove-Bjornson
1880’s-Norway is very poor. Very few women. Prostitution on the rise. Societal war on immorality.
1879-1884-Marriage regarded as a basic unit of society that needed fixing. Marriage was not a basic unit of society and a political solution should fix womens inequality. Marriage considered as a necessary evil. Marriage should be replaced with free love.
1884-Norwegian Association for Women’s Rights created.
1881-Association for Votes for Women founded

1890-First women’s worker union founded
1896-Norwegian Women’s Health Organization and the National Council of Women founded
1890’s-Married women gained majority status. Husband authority over wife was ended.

1901-women earning income or married to a voter allowed to participate in municipal elections
1907-women allowed to vote in national elections
1910-universal suffrage adopted for all municipal elections
1913-universal suffrage adopted for all national elections
1911-Anna Rogstad first woman to hold office at the Norwegian parliament
1920-right to equal pay and access to all jobs established
A Doll's House-Henrik Ibsen
A three-act play in prose. It premiered at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 21 December 1879, having been published earlier that month.

The play is significant for its critical attitude toward 19th century marriage norms. It aroused great controversy at the time dealing with women's rights. Ibsen was inspired by the belief that "a woman cannot be herself in modern society," since it is "an exclusively male society, with laws made by men and with prosecutors and judges who assess feminine conduct from a masculine standpoint."

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