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Magic realism, hyperreality, technoculture
Transcript of Magic realism, hyperreality, technoculture
No clear line of when one begins and another ends. Belongs to the postmodern philosophy and society. It deals signs that surrounds human in everyday life and what they mean (also called semiotics).
Jean Baudrillard: postmodernism sociologist and philosopher. He has researched hyperreality. Humans are starting to accept a world where reality have different and simulated versions.
Line between real and fiction is blurred. What can we trust? Reality is an illusion we cannot understand. We live in a simulated world.
It is what our consciousness defines as real. Magic realism Magic realism was born in the 20th century and therefore in the postmodernism era.
The writer jumps in time and the focus cannot be explained by scientific reasoning, bus has to be explained by magical reasoning.
The term magic realism describes contemporary fiction, usually associated with Latin America, whose narrative blends magical or fantastical element with reality and include writers such as, Gabriel García Márquez, Alejo Carpentier, and Isabel Allende.
1925: German art critic Franz Roh, refer to the painterly style Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity). But it was Carpentier who gave the term its current definition, in the prologue of his book “El reino de este mundo”. The prologue says: the marvelous begins to be unmistakably marvelous when it arises from an unexpected alteration of reality (…) privileged revelation of reality (…) that leads it to a kind of extreme state. Magic realism, hyperreality,
technoculture Technoculture - central focus in the lives of postmodernist humans - understanding of the real is compromised by simulations of the real
- Fiction: deals with technology, irony and pastiche - Don DeLillo's "White Noise" - characters bombarded with technology.
- Cyberpunk (network communication), steampunk (mixture of future technology and the Victorian Era), sci-fci Videoclip Nina, Matilde, Jasmin Magic realism, hyperreality, technoculture What is it? Magic realism However there is confusion regarding magic realism due to the conception of the real created in a magical realist text; “rather than explain reality using natural or physical laws (...) magical realist texts create a reality on which the relation between incidents, characters, and setting could not be based upon or justified by their status within the physical world or their normal acceptance by bourgeois mentality” Magic elements are natural part in an otherwise mundane, realistic world. On the surface a story in the genre magic realism has no clear magical attributes and everything is conveyed in a real setting, but such a character breaks the rules of our real world. Professor Matthew Strecher defines the genres as; “what happens when a highly detailed, realistic setting is invaded by something too strange to believe”. Magic realism Novels: Of Love and Other Demons:
12 year-old girl who contract rabies, but was believed to be a miracle-worker, with long flowing copper hair, that continues to grow after death.
One Hundred Years Of Solitude
Films: The Green Mile, Life of Pi - Culture as influenced by technology, especially computer technology and the Internet Techoculture “Was the Colorado tragedy a legacy of our technoculture: Doom, "Natural Born Killers," hate-amplifying Web sites and pipe-bomb plans from the Net?”
- Newsweek: Loitering On The Dark Side White Noise, Don DeLillo --> The possible effects of technoculture - Writers: Alan Moore, Don DeLillo, James Blaylock. “As cars slowed to a crawl and stopped, students sprang out and raced to the rear doors to begin removing the objects inside; the stereo sets, radios, personal computers; small refrigerators and table ranges; the cartons of phonograph records and cassettes; the hairdryers and styling irons; the tennis rackets, soccer balls, hockey and lacrosse sticks, bows and arrows; the controlled substances, the birth control pills and devices; the junk food still in shopping bags”
--> Commenting on the everyday of the technoculture and how different it is from when there was no technology.