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Hamlet: Act 3 Scene 3 lines 40-104
Transcript of Hamlet: Act 3 Scene 3 lines 40-104
Lines 40-104 Literal Context Who: Claudius is praying while Hamlet is behind him debating whether or not to kill him What: Claudius and Hamlet When: After the play Where: In Claudius' Chambers Why: Claudius is admitting to killing the King so he won't be punished and sent to hell when he dies. Hamlet won't kill him because he thinks if he kills Claudius while he is praying, he'll go straight to heaven Figurative Language "O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven" line 40: metaphor, comparing his sin to that of a rotten smell "It hath the primal eldest curse upon't" line 41: Suggested meaning, referring to the Curse of Cain "Pray can I not, Though inclination be a sharp as will" line 42-43: opposition and simile, internal self conflict and comparing the strength of his inclination to the strength of his will. "My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent" line 44: personification, giving guilt and intent the human attribute of struggle. "What if this cursed hand Were thicker than itself with brother's blood? Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens To wash it white as snow?" lines 47-50: Metaphor, suggested meaning and simile, hand covered with blood represents his brothers murder, "Rain" is used to give the idea of cleansing the soul, and the simile is having his hand being white as snow. "O bosom black as death" line 71: Simile, Comparing his heart to being as black as death "O limed soul, that, struggling to be free" line 71: Personification, giving his soul the human attribute of struggling "heart with strings of steel" line 74: metaphor, comparing his heart to steel "Be soft as sinews of the newborn babe" line 75: simile, wants his heart to be as soft as a baby. "Why, this is hire and salary, not revenge." line 84: metaphor, Hamlet, comparing killing Claudius while he is praying to that of a benefit like being given a job and getting paid. "With all his crimes broad blown, as flush as May" line 86: simile, comparing his fathers sins being in full bloom like a flower in May. "his soul may be as damned and black As hell" lines 99-100: simile, comparing Claudius's soul to being as terrible as hell. "My words fly up" line 102: metaphor, comparing his words to an action of a bird flying up to heaven Tone The tone is Serious. Claudius seems to be pleading for his sins to be forgiven but yet at the same time his pleas are in conflict with his ego. Style Structure Diction Characterization Context Theme Thesis Hamlet's tone has an internal conflict where he seems to be debating/convincing himself whether or not to kill Claudius The two structures would be when Claudius is in the church praying and Hamlet is talking to himself. The interrelationship is when Hamlet over hears Claudius confessing. Claudiuses development is how he fels guilty then he feels unworthy and confesses then he thinks that aybe everything will turn out okay.
-Incestuous: (see insest) senual activity between close relatives originating from the 1200's. In today language it would mean Excessively close and reistant to outside influence.
-Forestalled: to intercept goods formly crime to force deal or an intervention of justice (originating from the 1500's) Today this would mean to prevent an anticipated event.
-Inclination: (see incline) to cause to lean, bend, incline,turn, or divert (originating from the 1300's) The meaning now is a tendency toward certain condition or character.
-Ambiton: Striving for favor, courting or flattery, a desire for honor thirst for popularity (originating from the 1500's) Today meaning is an ego or desire to acheive something.
-Repentance: (see repent) Toe feel regret for sins or crim (originating from the 1300's) The meaning of repentance toda is remorse for passed conduct.
-Compelled: To force (originating from the 1600's) Today's meaning is to force, drive or constraine
Audit: A hearing (originating form 1500's) Now it's meaing is an examined or verified account this passage relates to when Hamlet made changes to play that was being held and when it seemed that Cladius looked as if he got nervous and seem that Hamlet's plan through the play was to expose what he did to kill Hamlet's father. "double business bound" alliteration: letter b "Try what repentance can what can it not? Yet what can it, when one cannot repent?" alliteration: word "can" and its different forms, also the use of the letter t. "To take him in the purging of his soul" Iambic Pentameter Claudius: as a reader we can now see that he is guilty of killing his brother. He knows his actions are bad but sees his good soul trapped within his darkness Hamlet: Hamlet's character develops more into a coward in this scene. He had the perfect opportunity to kill Claudius but finds an irrational reason not to. What's done is done, but just in case let me ask for forgiveness. Fear of Gods retaliation "My fault is past." line 55 "And how his audit stands who knows save heaven" line 87 Throughout the book, the characters do not take responsibility for their own actions but look to God for forgiveness. "O bosom black as death! O limed soul, that struggling to be free" lines 71-72 "Then trip him, that his heels may kick at heaven, and that his soul may be as damned and black as hell whereto it goes." lines 98-100 line 45 lines 69-70 line 90