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J. E.

on 14 January 2014

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Process Analysis
Definition: To explain how a procedure is carried out,
to follow the system of operations in the production of something, or to follow an action from beginning to end

Qualities: step-by-step instructions, point-by-point detail of events or experiences that led to something, either directive or informative

Example: cook books, how-to guides, instruction manuals, and history books
Why We Study Modes
Knowing the modes can help us understand the organization--the methodology--of most kinds of writing or other media such as advertisements, promotions, and film.

Some instructors give assignments using the names of the modes

Once you understand how they are used, you can integrate them into your writing to achieve deeper responses and more diverse writing.

Exploring Through the Senses
Definition: the act of capturing people, places, events, objects, and feelings in illustrative detail

Qualities: Vivid detail, sensory description (sight, sound, taste, smell, touch), verbal picture, highly subjective or objective

Example: lab report, personal journals, description of your house or room
A rhetorical mode is a strategy--a way or method of presenting a subject—through writing or speech. 
Most basic way of organizing verbal or written arguments
Were discovered by Aristotle over 2,000 years ago

Definition: essay's building blocks drawn from experience, observation, and reading; illustrate a point in terms that are descriptive and familiar

Qualities: show rather than tell, detailed, specific, have a range depending on purpose

Example: how ads deceive the public, good academic habits of mind
Example: Illustrating Ideas
Rhetorical Modes
Professional & Student Writers Use Modes
Most, if not all academic/professional writing use the modes, especially in your Prose Reader

We use them everyday, whether we’re comparing two different phones to buy, telling a story to a friend, bartering for a lower price on a car, or showing someone how to do something.

Narration: Telling a Story
Definition: Personal expression used to makes sense of the world around us with a start and finish

Qualities: beginning, middle, end; often uses other rhetorical modes, prolongs exciting parts, contains conflict and change

Example: a great story you told a friends, literature, travelogue, short story
Give you an overview of the rhetorical modes in the Prose Reader.

1.) Provide definitions of each mode
2.) Qualities
3.) Examples when you might use them
Division/Classification: Finding Categories
Comparison/Contrast: Discovering Similarities and Differences
Limiting the Frame of Reference
Tracing Reasons & Results
Definition: Division is the separation of an idea or an item into its basic parts whereas Classification is the organization of items with similar features into a group or groups

Qualities: moves from a general concept to subdivisions, whereas Classification groups subdivisions by common traits

Example: [D] separates home into rooms, courses into assignments; [C] groups assignments into categories or recipes according to type
Definition: Comparing involves discovering likeness or similarities, whereas contrasting is based on finding differences

Qualities: examine something in common, never have one without the other, allows us to understand one subject or perspective by putting it next to another

Example: [C/C] two different phones, teachers, cars, businesses, views on an issue
Definition: the process of explaining a word, object, or idea in such a way that the reader (or listener) know as precisely as possible what we mean

Qualities: set the boundaries, limit, determine the nature of, give the distinguishing characteristics of, can be extensive, especially with abstract concepts

Example: define love, a healthy diet, family, community
Definition: Causes search for any circumstances from the past that may have caused a single event, whereas effects look at the occurrences that took place after a particular event or resulted from that event

Qualities: make use of our ability to analyze; examine the relationship between one event, behavior, or decision and the effects/results of them

Example: eating junk food and obesity, online courses and academic achievement, social media use and real world social interaction
Argument and Persuasion:
Inciting People to Thought or Action
Definition: these terms are often used interchangeably but argument is a subdivision of persuasion. Persuasion's purpose is to convince your readers to think, act, or feel a certain way.

Argument: a persuasive appeal to logic or reasoning; one of the rhetorical appeals logos (ethos and pathos are the others)

Qualities: make use of all the rhetorical modes, most complex mode, use sound evidence and strong logic

Example: impressing a potential employer, getting a raise, the refund you deserve, and the grades you've worked so hard for
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