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Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee- Chapter 11: The War to Save t
Transcript of Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee- Chapter 11: The War to Save t
Attack on Texas
Due to the substantial loss of Buffalo on the plains and loss of valuable land of the Kiowas and Comanches due to the whites, an attack fueled by rage occurred in Texas.
On May 18 1871, The Kiowas and Comanches attack a wagon train carrying supplies to places in Texas. This event becomes known as the "Salt Creek Massacre".
7 teamsters are killed during the raid.
Satanta takes responsibility for the raid; him and the other chiefs are arrested after General Sherman detains them on the spot.
Big Tree and Satanta are sentenced to life in prison.
Satank (Sitting Bear) tries to chew the flesh off his hands in order to escape from the handcuffs, and sadly dies while attempting to escape upon his trial in Fort Richardson.
In 1868 after the battle of Washita, the Cheyennes, Arapahos, Kiowas, and Comanches were ordered by General Sheridan to surrender and go to Fort Cobb or the Bluecoat soldiers would fire upon them.
Custer arrests Satanta and Lone Wolf and others
By the time they all arrive, the only two prisoners who did not escape are Santana and Lone Wolf
This angers Custer orders them to be hanged unless all the Kiowas report to Fort Cobb
In order for the soldiers to keep close watch on the Kiowas and Comanches, they hastily build a fort near the Red River called "Fort Sill."
Lone Wolf and Satanta were aloud to go as long as they promised to settle on the reservation, thus taking away their liberty.
The forced movement and loss of buffalo of the kiowa and Comanche people led them to plan an attack against Sheridan and his soldiers.
Guipago (Lone Wolf): Kiowa Indian Chief (1820–1879)
Brown, Dee. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971. Print.
Lone Wolf Kiowa Chief. N.d. Photograph. Lone Wolf (Kiowa). Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lone_Wolf_(Kiowa)>.
Hamilton, James H. "American History." : What Made Native American Peoples Vulnerable to Conquest by European Adventurers? Aug.-Sept. 2006. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://blogamericanhistory.blogspot.com/2011/03/what-made-native-american-peoples.html>.
Henry, Michelle K. "Native Americans History - ESL Resources." Native Americans History - ESL Resources. Houghton Mifflin Tech., 18 Feb. 2002. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://www.michellehenry.fr/indians.htm>.
Jacobs, Mark N. "SATANK (ca. 1800-1871)." Digital.library.com. N.p., 10 Oct. 2008. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/S/SA023.html>.
Dawson, Mark H. "Google Images." Google Images. Google, Dec.-Jan. 1997. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. <http://www.google.com/images>.
Davidson, Brian. "Native American Cultures." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 6 Feb. 2008. Web. 23 Oct. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/native-american-cultures>.
Agreements and Conclusion
Lone Wolf is able to get them out of prison on the terms that they will negotiate a new treaty.
Lone Wolf decides he will request their release in Washington D.C.
In D.C. the Kiowas and Comanches are told to gather in Fort Sill by December 15, 1873.
Lone Wolf recieves a promise that Satanta and Big Tree will be released in Washington D.C.
The Kiowas and Comanches attack whites in order to preserve the buffalos in the spring of 1874.
An attack in Adobe Walls fails so the Indians escape to Palo Duro where they again defy the treaty by leaving the reservation.
Troops are sent out in order to retaliate against the Indians.
1000 horses are slain in Palo Duno as well as many indians throughout the fall and winter season.
Once Lone Wolf as well as 252 Kiowas surrender on February 25, 1875, 26 Kiowa warriors are exiled to Florida
At the sun dance on the Red River in 1870, Southern Cheyennes, Comanches, and Kiowas spark an idea to fight the Whites. Despite Ten Bears of the Comanches and Kicking Bird spoke against the idea of fighting the whites, most of the Comanche Southern Cheyennes & Kiowa people continues to search for more Buffalo.
Kicking Bird Kiowa Head Chief (1835-1875)
Satanta (White Bear) Kiowa War Chief (1820-1878)
Satank (Sitting Bear) Kiowa War Chief/Medicine Man
Ch. 11: The Kiowa People & The War to Save The Buffalo
By: Maddie Courrier & Tristan Nyman
The People & Their Land
"A long time ago this land belonged to our fathers; but when I go up to the river I see camps of soldiers on its banks." "These soldiers cut down my timber; they kill my buffalo; and when I see that, my heart feels like bursting; I feel sorry...." "Has the white man become a child that he should recklessly kill and not eat?" "When the red men slay game, they do so that they may live and not starve." -Kiowa Chief Satanta
The name Kiowa means "Principle People" The Kiowa Indians are original people of Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. The Kiowa people were very brazen and very protective of their land and families. On many days, tribes of Kiowa people would get together and play music and perform traditional dances. During the 1800's, the Kiowa tribe was forced to move to a reservation in Oklahoma and most Kiowa people are still living in Oklahoma today. In the Kiowa language, a simple greeting such as "Hello" would be translated to: "Hacho". Also, the word "Yes" would translate to: "Haw" in Kiowa. The Kiowa were lead by multiple chiefs including: