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Australia- Mr. Brewen
Transcript of Australia- Mr. Brewen
January 1,1901 Red represents hardiness,bravery, Strength, Valour White represents peace, and honesty Blue represents vigiliance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and valour History:
The aborigines are from Australia. Their early treatment by the british is similar to that of american indians. Many were killed and forced from their homes. Their current status is in 1992, High Court of Australia ruled Aborigines had legal title to their lands before settlers took the land from
them. Australia was discovered in 1770. It was discovered by Captain James Cooke and he mapped the eastern coast to discover it. England claimed australia and the name of the captain was James Cooke. The first europeans settlers were a bunch of convicts from england, it was them because there was so many people in their prisons, so they sent them to australia. Economy:
Three of Australias main major exports are coal, iron, and ore. Three of Australias main major imports are crude petroleum, refined petroleum, and passenger motor veichles. The three major trading partners are Britain, Japan, and China. Most stations are located in the outback.The average size of a staion is 1,000 square miles. Sheep, wheat, and cattle are raised. People raise their own food, they get their power from generators, and they take care of their own medical problems. Land and Climate:
Most of Australia is low and flat and is used for farming and irrigation.The highest mountains are in the extreme southeastern part of the continent. Australian Alps are snow-covered in the winter, attracting skiers. Ayers Rock is known as Uluru (great people),such as the Aborigines. It is a popular tourist attraction and sacred to the Aborigines and is located in the center of the continent. Deserts cover about one third of Australia, Rivers are one of the most vital resources, many are dry part of the year.
Murray River is the longest permanently flowing river and
Darling River is the longest river and is dry during winter months. Only permanent large lakes are man-made. Northern third lies in the tropics. the rest of the continent has warm summers and mild or cool winters, in winter, some parts receive frost. Most moisture is rain. Snow falls in Tasmania and the Australian Alps. The heaviest rainfall occurs along the coasts, east coast of Queensland is the wettest, it gets as much as 150 inches per year. The southern part of Australia has four distinct seasons, such as summer, winter, fall, and spring. Australians population is near the coastal areas. They live there because of the fertile crescent and theres not as many deserts. Government:
Australia looked up to Great Britain until it was their mother country, until Great Britain ships were destroyed, so they were not seen as strong after that. The goverment they had was a Federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. The governer is Quentin Bryce, and her role is " A Governor-General appointed by the Queen shall be Her Majesty’s representative in the Commonwealth, and shall have and may exercise in the Commonwealth during the Queen’s pleasure, but subject to this Constitution, such powers and functions of the Queen as Her Majesty may be pleased to assign to him." The judical branch has to " comprise the Judges and the courts, and exercises the power to interpret and apply the law through the court system." The Legislative Branch has the power to make laws. The Executive Branch has the responsibility for developing policy. The head of state is Quentin Bryce. The title is the governor general. Code of Arms of Australia, the australian symbol.