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Child Wellness in the Classroom

ECE214
by

Marcia Garrett

on 25 July 2014

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Transcript of Child Wellness in the Classroom

Child Wellness
in the Classroom

In the Classroom
Children's Nutrition Research Center: Teaching Nutrition to Kids
https://www.bcm.edu/research/centers/childrens-nutrition-research-center/index.cfm?pmid=9624
In the Classroom
Resources
Resources
USDA Healthy Meal Resources for classrooms
http://healthymeals.nal.usda.gov/
Resources
Storybird: Kaya Creates Play
http://storybird.com/books/kaya-creates-play-kaya-discovers-how-to-make-imagi/

In the Classroom
Safety
Obstacles
References
Child Wellness in the Classroom

Marcia Garrett

ECE214: Nutrition and Health of Children and Families (BDC1425A)

Instructor: Hun Kaplowitz

July 21, 2014

Obstacles
Health
Nutrition
Obstacles
Strategies to Support
Strategies to Support
“Yoga can calm children, reduce obesity, enhance concentration, and help children manage certain health conditions, such as headaches and irritable bowel syndrome.” (Mayo Clinic 2010)
American Academy of Pediatrics (May 28, 2013). Feeding and Nutrition: Your 4- to 5 year old. Retrieved from http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/preschool/nutrition-fitness/Pages/Feeding-and-Nutrition-Your-4-to-5-Year-Old.aspx on July21, 2014.

American Academy of Pediatrics (Feb 28, 2014). Overcoming obstacles to physical activity. Retrieved from http://www.healthychildren.org/English/healthy-living/fitness/Pages/Overcoming-Obstacles-to-Physical-Activity.aspx on July 21, 2014

Garrett, M (2014). Kaya Creates Play (Storybird) http://storybird.com/books/kaya-creates-play-kaya-discovers-how-to-make-imagi/

Gelman MA, P. Playing it safe: Preschool playground guidelines. Great Schools (website). Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/parenting/health-nutrition/1196-preschool-playground-guidelines.gs?page=all on July 21, 2014.

Groark, C. J., & Song, L. A. (2012). Health and nutrition of children. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc

Mayo Clinic (November 2010). Yoga for kids: A good idea?. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/yoga-for-kids/my01401 on July 7, 2014

NAEYC (website). What you do and don't want to see in a preschool classroom. Retrieved from http://families.naeyc.org/accredited-article/what-you-do-and-dont-want-see-toddler-program on July 21, 2014.

Safe Kids Worldwide. Little Kids. Retrieved from http://www.safekids.org/safetytips/field_age/little-kids-1%E2%80%934-years?gclid=CMWIrfCI4b8CFQeIaQod27cArg on July 21, 2014.

The Preschool Professor. Preschool Safety in the Classroom. Retrieved from http://www.the-preschool-professor.com/preschool-safety.html on July 21, 2014.

USDA. Health and Nutrition Information for Preschoolers. Retrieved from http://www.choosemyplate.gov/preschoolers.html on July 21, 2014.
"No matter the size of the outdoor space, the school staff needs a system to organize equipment, toys and supplies used outside. Teachers need to know immediately where to find important materials such as first-aid kits or injury report forms. Keeping toys in cabinets will prevent weather-related damage. Low shelving and easy-to-open cabinets work well for teachers who want toys to be accessible to kids." (Gelman)
"Teachers maintain a safe, healthy environment and carefully supervise the children at all times." (NAEYC)
Print out the coloring book

"Food Safety at Home, School, and When Eating Out"
https://utextension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/PB1591.pdf

"A child's state of health, whether positive or negative, has direct influence on child development. Child development is the continuous process of growth of a child from birth until adulthood. The positive experiences children have in their early years are critical for progress in all domains of development, including cognition, emotion, language, motor skills, and social abilities." (Groark 2012, section1.1)
NICHCY-
Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR)
www.parentcenterhub.org/resources
"Teachers make families part of the community of learners. Parents are welcomed into the classroom, and teachers and parents communicate frequently about the child’s experiences, interests, skills, needs, and progress." (NAEYC)
Menu planning guide for 3-5 year olds
from the National Food Service Management Institute
http://nfsmi-web01.nfsmi.olemiss.edu/documentLibraryFiles/PDF/20080225095731.pdf
Setting the Stage: Nutrition and Physical Activity Lessons for Early Childhood Settings
from Team Nutrition Iowa
https://www.educateiowa.gov/sites/files/ed/documents/0506_np_tn_settingthestage_set2.pdf
Healthy & Active Preschoolers
http://www.healthypreschoolers.com/resources
Safety from United States Department of Health and Human Services
http://www.healthfinder.gov/HealthTopics/Population/children/safety
Often children are confused which is healthy or not. Having posters with quick reference images on them is beneficial in a classroom
Healthy Beverages in Child Care (Poster)
http://www.ucsfchildcarehealth.org/pdfs/posters/others/HealthyBevPoster.pdf
Head Start: Body Start
http://www.shapeamerica.org/standards/guidelines/loader.cfm?csModule=security/getfile&pageid=5301
Kids Health
http://kidshealth.org/parent/centers/fitness_nutrition_center.html

Color Me Healthy
http://www.colormehealthy.com/
Kids Health from Nemours: First Aid & Safety
Printable Safety Guides
http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/#cat20221
First School: Safety Theme activities and Crafts
http://www.first-school.ws/theme/safety.htm
First School: Safety Theme activities and Crafts
http://www.first-school.ws/theme/safety.htm

NCES: Health & Nutrition: Teaching Tools
http://www.ncescatalog.com/Teaching-Tools_c_48.html
Games are often a great way to actively discuss healthy versus junk food with young students.
Healthy Food vs Junk (activities and games resource)
http://themes.atozteacherstuff.com/261/food-and-nutrition-teaching-resources/
USDA:
Team Nutrition
for home, school, community
http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/team-nutrition
Creative Nutrition Experiences for Children
(fantastic activities for home learning)
http://www.youthandfamilyservices.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/Nutrition-Experience-Book1.pdf
The month of March is identified as National Nutrition Month in the United States
Incorporating strategies from MyPlate for Preschoolers sets a standard that can be followed in the classroom and at home. It will help balance proper nutrition concepts.
Plan activities that promote hands on learning about different food items.
Create simple recipes that can be made in the classroom, then consumed.
Support and encourage healthy eating versus junk foods.
Inform parents of classroom activities and summarize what activities were participated that may be duplicated at home
Students should actively participate in developmental games for physical, nutritional, and mental health.
Make sure to include indoor and outdoor activities when planning curriculum.
Use all resources possible to create a variety of activities for health and well being that can be shared with parents as well.
Strategies to Support
Be aware of all possible hazards and set up a system for safety.
Make sure age appropriate equipment and supplies are being used.
Hang posters for reference around the classroom with images so the students can understand the rules and safety expectations.
Create communication between parents and teachers regarding any new items in the classroom or playground.
USDA: 10 Tips for setting good examples
http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/downloads/TenTips/DGTipsheet12BeAHealthyRoleModel.pdf
Activity Newsletter
Shape Up America!
www.shapeup.org
"You are the most important influence on your child. You can do many things to help your children develop healthy eating habits for life. Offering a variety of foods helps children get the nutrients they need from every food group. They will also be more likely to try new foods and to like more foods. When children develop a taste for many types of foods, it’s easier to plan family meals. Cook together, eat together, talk together, and make mealtime a family time. " (USDA)
Activity Newsletter
Activity Newsletter
"While three-year-olds are frequently picky eaters, that behavior may continue in four-year-olds, as well, although the older child may be more vocal about his preferences. He may become more insistent about refusing to eat certain foods." (American Academy of Pediatrics 2013) This makes it difficult to introduce new foods and have willing taste testers. Peers can often encourage each other when introduced in a fun way.
"When dropping their child off at school, every parent wants to leave knowing that their child is safe. It is every parent’s worse nightmare to get the dreaded phone call telling them their child was just hurt. Thankfully, in this day and age, preschools and daycares are taking extra measures to ensure each child remains safe and unharmed while at school." (The Preschool Professor)
Teachers are educators, guides, supervisors, and safety advocates. Every activity should be
maintained and safe for children.
How will we accommodate all the necessary requirements and keep communication with the
latest concepts and safety procedures?
"Obviously, no child can go through every day completely unscathed. There will be times where they will trip and scrape their knee or bump into a table and get a bruise. These are all normal incidents." (The Preschool Professor)
Not all children are willing to follow rules and authority
Children do not all express themselves clearly, misunderstandings occur that can lead to unsafe activities
Supplies and Equipment may be missing or out of budget. Teachers may have to eliminate useful supplies because of safety and do without rather than risk an incident.
Playground equipment may be for higher age groups. Teachers need to be aware of which the children can use, and effectively communicate with the students.
CPR, First Aid, and knowledge in the specific areas that may happen with a particular group of children (such as allergies, seizures, diabetic issues) are necessary
Your child is full of energy and curiosity. "As parents, this is the time when we want to let our kids explore, learn and have fun. Bumps, bruises, scrapes and scratches are part of the deal. But the one thing we don't want is for small accidents to turn into more serious injuries." (Safe Kids Worldwide)
In the classroom, we practice safety habits at all times. Teachers constantly remind students, and praise them when they properly follow procedures. Positive praise is necessary in communicating so they understand when they are being safe. Be sure to acknowledge when they are not being safe as well. Please do so in a calm manner without reprimanding on a first offense. Communicating clearly is key.
Child health in the classroom is a combination of nutrition, safety, behavioral, mental, emotional, and overall well being.
Teachers maintain healthy students by presenting wellness concepts, teach through activities, explore ideas, implement safety, and act as role models.
In class we do activities together. We share in the processes of health and wellness. We discuss ways that they can do this at home. As parents, it is a great idea to start young and build habits toward health. Your child is willing and supplied with ideas.
Please check the resources and talk with your child about health. Share the knowledge.
Have fun—this is important!
Spend time with friends.
Improve your body image.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Increase energy levels.
Improve your self-image.
Feel stronger.
Increase your endurance
Get muscles or definition.
Decrease stress.
(American Academy
of Pediatrics 2014)
Children may not have healthy role models at home
They may have sedentary lives due to parental schedules or family habits
Children may not be willing to participate in activities or nutrition at school.
They may not understand the difference between healthy and unhealthy
Communicate ideas how to overcome
WHY? HOW? Benefits?
Talk with each child.
Find out what motivates them to participate in physical activities.
How might they get excited about healthy choice foods?
Which peer do they often rely on for guidance or opportunity to share experiences?
Utilize any source you can to cater to all students.
"Nutrition includes the nutrients in food, such as vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein, and fat, the amount of intake, and the processes by which a person takes in food. Good nutrition is needed for good health and physical development, including the growth of bones, organs, muscles, and the brain. It is linked to energy and activity levels, and mental and physical performance." (Groark 2012, section1.2)
Adults build a foundation for their nutritional habits when they are young children through adolescence. Preschool is a crucial time for young children developing nutritional concepts and eating habits.
Parents are probably the most influential role model for nutritional habits.
They begin and supply the home with nutritional well being and representation of a healthy lifestyle.
At school, we discuss nutrition and do activities that are hands on for learning. Follow through at home with activities learned in school will help encourage children in the right nutritional developmental direction.
Plan meals with your child
Grocery shop as a family
Cook and prepare meals together
Eat together, clean up together
Discuss nutritional values and benefits
Full transcript