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Government Chapter 1
Transcript of Government Chapter 1
What is a State?
"Political community in a precise territory."
affects stability and distribution
Source of conflict: location or shape of political boundaries
Why do changes occur?
Supreme & absolute authority within boundaries.
Independent to make laws and foreign policy
Cannot interfere with rights of another state
Institution through which a state maintains social order, provides public service, and enforces decisions binding on residents.
Purposes of Government
Maintain Social Order
Provide Public Services
Provide Security and Defense
Make and Enforce Laws
Provide a Judicial System
...to promote the general welfare
Protect country against threats of attack or terrorism
(includes making treaties)
Pass laws that shape the economy
Provide for the Economy
Choose to distribute benefits and services
national and state
Ideals "we the people" believe
Statement of Goals
Framework for Government
Types of Government
"The Constitution established a republic, effectively limiting the power of government and preserving individual liberty to this day."
~study of how limited resources are used to satisfy people's unlimited wants.
Questions of Economic Systems
~what and how much to produce?
~how should goods be produced?
~who gets the goods and services?
Freedom of choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises are emphasized.
5 Characteristics of Capitalism
Private ownership and control of property and economic resources
Possibility of profits
Freedom of Choice
A system in which government:
owns basic means of production
determines use of resources
distributes products and wages
provides social services (education, health care, welfare, etc.)
Industrial Working Class
No longer allowed to own tools
Middle class owners of industrial capital
Communist Manifesto (1848)
Das Kapital (1867)
In Communist Countries Government Planners Decide
how much to produce
what to produce
how to distribute goods and service
One class system
(the working class)
"The State" Controls:
states have different policies
(urban v. rural)
6 Goals of the Preamble of the
United States Constitution
1. Establish justice
2. Insure domestic tranquility
3. Provide for the common defense
4. Promote the general welfare
5. Secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity
6. Do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America
~One person has all authority
~Dynastic kings, emperors
*maintain power through army and police
~one person has great power
~monarch power limited by tradition/law/constitution
~small group has power (not bloodline)
~claim to represent "the people"
uses these things to stay in power:
Rule is by
All citizens cast vote directly on all government issues and laws.
People elect representatives to make laws and conduct government
~Head of state
~Voters elect to run government
United States is a Democratic Republic
~rules by force
~result of military coup or seizure of power
Ruler attempts to control total society
Last true autocrats: Czars of Russia
FYI: Today's Monarchies
Limited or Constitutional
~King or Queen's rule limited by law
Share powers with elected legislatures
45 Current Monarchies; 6 are 'Absolute'
FYI: Current Oligarchies
*Former Soviet Union (?)