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Government Chapter 1

People and Government
by

Michele Goostree

on 30 October 2015

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Transcript of Government Chapter 1

Features of a State
What is a State?
"Political community in a precise territory."
Population
Territory
Government
Sovereignty
affects stability and distribution
Source of conflict: location or shape of political boundaries
Why do changes occur?
war
negotiation
purchase
Supreme & absolute authority within boundaries.
Independent to make laws and foreign policy
Cannot interfere with rights of another state
Institution through which a state maintains social order, provides public service, and enforces decisions binding on residents.
Purposes of Government
Maintain Social Order
Provide Public Services
Provide Security and Defense
Make and Enforce Laws
and
Provide a Judicial System
...to promote the general welfare
Protect country against threats of attack or terrorism
(includes making treaties)
Pass laws that shape the economy
Provide for the Economy
Choose to distribute benefits and services
CH. 1
Sect. I
Government
Systems

Unitary
System
Federal
System
Constitution
CH. 1
Sect. 2
Divides powers
between
national and state
governments
key powers
given to
central government
Ideals "we the people" believe
A Guide
Statement of Goals
Framework for Government
Autocracy
Monarchy
Oligarchy
Democracy
Types of Government
Republic
totalitarianism
dictator
CH. 1
Sect. 2
CH. 1
Sect. 3
"The Constitution established a republic, effectively limiting the power of government and preserving individual liberty to this day."
Economics
~study of how limited resources are used to satisfy people's unlimited wants.
Questions of Economic Systems
~what and how much to produce?
~how should goods be produced?
~who gets the goods and services?
Economic Theories
Capitalism
Freedom of choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises are emphasized.
5 Characteristics of Capitalism
Capitalism
Private ownership and control of property and economic resources
Possibility of profits
Freedom of Choice
Competition
Free enterprise
Socialism
A system in which government:
owns basic means of production
determines use of resources
distributes products and wages
provides social services (education, health care, welfare, etc.)
Communism
Karl Marx
Proletariat
Industrial Working Class
Factory workers
No longer allowed to own tools
Bourgeoisie
Middle class owners of industrial capital
Communist Manifesto (1848)
Das Kapital (1867)
In Communist Countries Government Planners Decide
how much to produce
what to produce
how to distribute goods and service
Marx's Prediction:
One class system
(the working class)
"The State" Controls:
land
natural resources
banks
industry
transportation
mass communications
states have different policies
(urban v. rural)
Section 2:
6 Goals of the Preamble of the
United States Constitution
1. Establish justice
2. Insure domestic tranquility
3. Provide for the common defense
4. Promote the general welfare
5. Secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity
6. Do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America
~One person has all authority
~Dynastic kings, emperors
*maintain power through army and police
~one person has great power
~inherit throne
~monarch power limited by tradition/law/constitution
~small group has power (not bloodline)
~claim to represent "the people"
uses these things to stay in power:
wealth
social position
military power
Rule is by
the people
Direct Democracy:
All citizens cast vote directly on all government issues and laws.
Representative Democracy:
People elect representatives to make laws and conduct government
~Head of state
~Voters elect to run government
United States is a Democratic Republic
~single ruler
~rules by force
~result of military coup or seizure of power
Ruler attempts to control total society
Section 4
FYI:
Last true autocrats: Czars of Russia
FYI: Today's Monarchies
Limited or Constitutional
~King or Queen's rule limited by law
Rulers:
Share powers with elected legislatures
Ceremonial
45 Current Monarchies; 6 are 'Absolute'
FYI: Current Oligarchies

China
North Korea
Venezuela
*Former Soviet Union (?)
Full transcript