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The Prophet Muhammad
Transcript of The Prophet Muhammad
The Birth of the Prophet
Born in the year 570 A.D., Muhammad was born 3 months after the death of his father.
His foster mother Halima Saadiya took care for a while, before his mother took him back.
His mother died when he was 6 years old, and he lived with his grandfather Abdul Muttalib until he died.
At 10 years old, he was taken in by his uncle Abu Talib and grew to be courteous, kind and generous.
Revelation of Angel Gabriel
He was married to Khadijah at 25, and working as a Shepard with his uncle. As a young man he was disturbed by the Meccan ways
At 40, he was in his cave, meditating, when a voice called his name.
He didn't believe it was God, but the message was from God, from Angel Gabriel, sating he was the Prophet and Messenger.
He began to preach after the voice reached him for the fourth time.
The Writing of the Qur'an
Although Muhammad was illiterate, his message from God was written down by his followers.
The Qur'an is the written message from Gabriel to Muhammad.
It is now the Holy Book of Islam.
The Journey to Medina
As Muhammad and his followers faced more opposition, the citizens of Medina offered them refuge.
Many Muslims did not want to leave Mecca, but they left at Muhammad's request, in groups of 2 and 3.
The Hijah, 622, was the journey to Medina, and marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.
This was ten years before his death
The Conquest of Mecca
In 628 A.D., the Prophet Muhammad led a large number of Muslims to Mecca for the Hajj pilgrimage.
The Meccans refused to allow that number of Muslims into the city.
There were negotiations and included in it was a 10 year truce.
This is called the Pact of Hudaibiya, and another group, the Bedouin people, joined Islam.
By 630, Muhammad was accepted by most Arabs as the Prophet-king of Arabia, and sent out preachers to spread the word of Islam.
During this time, instructions were received about the Fundamental Principles of Life.
The Prophet Muhammad
The Revelation of Gabriel to Muhammad.
The grave of Muhammad in Saudi Arabia
A Preacher in the Time of Muhammad
The Death of the Prophet
In a battle against the Jews in 627 A.D., called Khaybar, a female Jew named Zainab gave poisoned food to Muhammad. He spat out the food before he ate it, but suffered for a long time from aftereffects.
He died in 632, at the age of 62/63, in the house of his wife Aisha, and is buried Saudi Arabia.
The Tomb of the Prophet