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Housing and Interior Design Architectural Style Project
Transcript of Housing and Interior Design Architectural Style Project
The house is set into a slope or a hill. The roof, might be all earth covered or not.
Some Advantages of an earth sheltered home are: The outside air temperatures wont affect the inside of the house as much as in a different house. Because the earth covers part or all of their exterior, they require less outside maintenance. Geodesic Dome Contemporary Period The Geodesic Dome was
developed by Buckminster Fuller in 1954, It was said to be the world's strongest, most economical, lightweight structure. The engineering of the dome allows it to cover a wide area of space without using internal supports. An A-Frame house is normally used for a vacation home. It is Shaped like an A and it is missing 2 side walls.
It has a very steep roof, at the top there is little space. A solar home is designed to contain most or all of its heating from the sun. It has large overhang eves and windows on all floors. It is positioned so that it can take advantage of the winter and summer sun. California Ranch was created in the Spanish Period in Southwest America. They are low to the ground and it reflected America's rambling lifestyle. The front porch is replaced by private back entrance and a garage. Mobile Homes are related to automobiles. They are both made from factory's and sold by dealers. They developed into low cost housing. Pueblo Revival homes were first built by a mixture of clay and straw dried from the sun. They originated from the Hopi and Pueblo Indians in New Mexico and Arizona. They were the first home with a patio. Tudor homes were brought from the old country by Germans and Puritans. It has massive sculptured chimneys and has brick between half timbers covered with stucco called nogging. The interior has large halls and spacious living room with large fireplaces and beamed ceilings. Queen Ann dwellings began in England. They are asymmetrical and they all have a unique irregular shape. They are usually made of wood and are referred to as Gingerbread houses. Second Empire dwellings takes the name from the French Second Empire under the reign of Napoleon the III. It has a Mansard roof and has Dormers, decorative iron work and has stained glass windows. The interior has French doors opening onto deep porches. Swiss Cotswold dwellings have rude construction and often wild and romantic sight gives it a rustic yet quaint look. Desirable in the North where it snows. Have a lot of galleries and balconies. Built out of rough cut timber. Gothic revival dwellings moved from symmetrical to asymmetrical it had more detail and has pointed arches with windows and doors pointed too.
Greek Revival dwellings has a gable roof and has featured columns that have decorative horizontal band around the top. The windows are small and hidden. America wanted to relate their ideals to Greece about their democracy. Federal Dwellings are called federal because it rejected all European influence. It stressed dignity and restraint with much less ornamentation. Is very plain and has a flat roof, looks like the banks at that time. Georgian dwellings were built in London in 1766 and was named after King George. It is symmetrical and has a gable roof. It has a fireplace on the end and a central entrance with a inset door. Cape Cod dwellings were a solution to harsh but natural environment. They are broad and were first built on stilts to steady house on uneven ground. They were built mainly of white clapboards. The interior has no hallways, must walk through one room to get to another. Dutch Colonial dwellings used available resources that were usually brick or stone to protect against Indian raids and fire. Cedar shingles made the roof easy to build and was waterproof and safer than thatch. Had a central entrance and second story dormers. Southern colonial dwellings had a series of columns extending the entire front. It was usually 2 stories high and it was symmetrical. Had small windows and was very simple and did not have a lot of fancy details.
Salt Box dwellings were built in New England, had a single story and a lean-to shed built on the back. Originally it had an add-on as the family made money and grew bigger. Named after the boxes that salt came in. Native American style dwellings were different for each Native American Tribe. Some needed portable homes, where as some needed stationary homes. Long houses were built with pole frames and elm bark covering. A tepee is made of a cone-shaped wooden frame with a covering of buffalo hide. Housing and Interior Design Architectural Style Project