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Transcript of Indian Architecture
(3300 BC—1300 BC)
•One of the earliest urban civilizations.
•Cities built of bricks, with advancements such as roadside drainage system, multistoried houses, baths, and toilets.
•Cities built out in a grid system with right angles at the end of blocks.
•The mature age of this civilization is known as the Harrapan civilization. INDIAN ARCHITECTURE By Peyton Downing Post Maha Janapadas period (1500 BC—200 AD)
• The Buddist stupa is a dome shaped monument used as a commemorative monument associated with storing sacred relics.
• Stupa architecture was adopted in southeast and east Asia.
• Fortified cities with stupa, viharas, and temples were constructed during the Maurya Empire.
• Wooden architecture was popular and stone cut architecture became solidified.
• Guard rails became a feature of safety surrounding a stupa.
• Temples were constructed using brick and timber. They were built on elliptical, circular, quadrilateral, or apsidal plans.
• The Indian gateway arch ways reached East Asia with the spread of Buddism.
• Rock-cut stepwells in India date form 200-400 AD.
• Walled and moated cities with large gates and multi-storied buildings which consistently used arched windows and doors were very important features during this era.
• Indian Emporer Ashoka established a chain of hospitals throughout Mauryan Empire.
• Buddist architecture blended with Roam and Hellenestic architecture to make unique blends. The South Indian temple consists essentially of a square-chambered sanctuary topped by a superstructure, tower, or spire and an attached pillared porch or hall (maṇḍapa, or maṇṭapam), enclosed by a peristyle of cells within a rectangul-shaped court. The external walls are segmented by pilasters and carry niches housing sculpture. The superstructure or tower above the sanctuary is of the kūṭina type and consists of an arrangement of gradually receding stories in a pyramid shape. Each story is delineated by a parapet of miniature shrines, square at the corners and rectangular with barrel-vault roofs at the centre. The tower is topped by a dome-shaped cupola and a crowning pot and strawniy zadnica The South Indian Temple Indus Valley Civilization Architecture (3300 BC—1300 BC)
• One of the earliest urban civilizations.
• Cities built of bricks, with advancements such as roadside drainage system, multistoried houses, baths, and toilets.
• Cities built out in a grid system with right angles at the end of blocks.
• The mature age of this civilization is known as the Harrapan civilization. Modern Indian Architecture Modern day Indian architecture now has less climate responsive traits in mind.
Urban housing is aimed for a balance of constricting room for more houses and spacious areas within the house. These houses are aimed to help the working class citizens. More important information:
Many great Buddhist works of art and architecture were discovered in the Great Stupa and the Rock cut cave of Ajanta.
In the eighth century, the south Hindu school of architecture began to flourish, it's most notable achievements are the rock cut temples of Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram.
Cave architecture is believed to have begun 300 BC. These caves were used by Buddhist and Jain monks as places of worship and residence. Bibliography