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1984 and Brave New World

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Natalie Dokmajian

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of 1984 and Brave New World

“Friend of the people”.

He is a man of about 45 years of age.

He sports a heavy black mustache and has ruggedly handsome features.

He is the ultimate symbol of the Party and the leader of the Inner Party.
Minor Characters
"Ending is better than mending..." (Huxley, 30)
Historical Perspective
Summary
Characters
Setting
Themes
Conflicts
1984 and Brave New World
By: Natalie, Krissy, Sarah, Nooshin , Elisa and Bridget
Literary Devices
Connections
Analysis of Pairing
General Evaluation
Thank you for listening to our presentation!
1984

third person narrative
Brave New World
third person omniscient
Symbols in
1984
by George Orwell
Big Brother
The face of the Inner Party
Primarily seen as a character, however his existence is questioned
“‘Will Big Brother ever die?’ ‘Of course not. How could he die?’”
(Orwell 297)

Irony
: "Big Brother" implies affection, protection, and ultimately unity, however Big Brother represents a state of oppression, constant scrutiny, and separation.
Literary Devices in
1984

Tone, Mood, and Symbolism
“Under the spreading chestnut tree
I sold you and you sold me;
There lie they, and here lie we
Under the spreading chestnut tree.”
(Orwell 88)

Underneath the spreading chestnut tree
I loved him and he loved me
There I used to sit up on his knee
'Neath the spreading chestnut tree
"The Chestnut Tree" by Glenn Miller
Orwell uses it to demonstrate how the Party censored anything they felt would corrupt the society
symbolizes both Julia and Winston’s betrayal and their surrenders to the power of the Party.
The song is altered, so it is now sombre
"The Chestnut Tree" by Glenn Miller
Literary Device: Paradox
“war is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength”
(Orwell 6)
The Party's slogan is a paradox, used to confuse the citizens into believing they live in the ideal society
War is peace
: the society is bound together by a common enemy.
Freedom is slavery
: people in Oceania are free if they choose to accept the Party's declarations.
Ignorance is strength
: Similarly, if you are ignorant of the Party's lies, the totalitarian government thrives.
Literary device in
1984
: Imagery
The younger generations
“…did not feel the abyss opening beneath [their] feet at the thought of lies becoming truths”
(Orwell 177)
Abyss: a hole so deep or a space so great that it cannot be measured
Alludes to the fact that the longer lies are being passed as truths in the society, the harder it will be to get people to understand the significance of this form of falsification.
As people ignore the obliteration of the past, they cause the entire society to fall deeper into this endless chasm of despair
IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH
Allusions in
Brave New World
The Title
Brave New World
is an allusion to Shakespeare's play
The Tempest
"'O brave new world that has such people in it’”
(Huxley 121)
John first uses it to express his joy at entering the "civilized" world
This phrase begins to morph representing John’s eventual distaste of the way society functions
John borrows lines from Hamlet's famous soliloquy "To be or not to be", foreshadowing his eventual suicide
“‘Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them… but you don’t do either. Neither suffer nor oppose. You just abolish the slings and arrows.’”

(Huxley 210)
Literary Devices: Symbolism of Soma
Paradox:
“‘Christianity without tears—that’s what soma is’”

(Huxley 210)
Soma is "the perfect drug"
Soma is a representation of how the government uses scientific advances to control society
refers to two apparently contrasting ideas of soma (science) and religion and shows them to be similar
science is superior to religion as it does not entail any struggle
Literary Devices: Metaphor
“‘Even after decanting, he’s still inside a bottle—an invisible bottle of infantile and embryonic fixations. Each one of us, of course…goes through life inside a bottle ’”
(Huxley 146)
metaphor to describe the society's infantile nature
refers to the decanting process (how babies are born) to demonstrate that even after birth, they are confined to a life the government has laid out for them.
members of society are stripped of morality, care, and passion
Sarah
Rated
1984
:
Rated
Brave New World:
1984
Brave New
World

vs.
Time
- Set in 1984

- Near-future Oceania

-Past now, but it was the future when the book was written.
Place
- London, England (Airstrip One)

- Super-state of Oceania

- In a constant state of war with Eurasia and Eastasia

- “Winston could not definitely remember a time when his country had not been at war” (Orwell 41)




Mood
- Living conditions are very poor, with the buildings practically in ruins, the food synthetic and rationed out, wages poor, and clothing is badly fabricated.

-Other than the Ministries, little of London was rebuilt after damage due to explosions and warfare

- Extreme government surveillance (ex. telescreens)

- Inner Party has better living condition than Outer Party

- Proles live in poverty




Video of Setting in 1984
Time
- Set many decades in the future

- Year: A.F. 632 (632 years "After Ford")

- Takes place in the very
far future from when it
was first published, in 1932.
Place
- Also takes place in London, England

- Population is unified under the World State

- Savage Reservation, located in New Mexico

- Malpais community


Mood
- Very artificial

- Living conditions are largely
dependent on which caste you
are a part of.

- Alphas and Betas are at the top of
the system while Gammas, Deltas,
and Epsilons are at the bottom.

- The higher up you are, the better your life will be.
1984
Brave New World
Both
- Originally Orwell titled the book The Last Man in Europe

-Some predicted reasons for the current title of the novel are:
The novel is Orwell’s depiction of what life could be like in 1984. As well the plot takes place in 1984.
He may have been making an allusion to the centenary of the Fabian Society.
Orwell may have titled his novel 1984 because of a poem that his wife, Eileen O'Shaughnessy, had written.

- His essay Why I Write, gives indicators to his inspiration behind 1984, specifically regarding his dislike of totalitarianism.

- Orwell based many aspects of Oceanian society on the Stalin-era Soviet Union. Ex. Two minutes hate

- The Party's proclaimed great enemy, Emmanuel Goldstein, resembles Leon Trotsky.



- Tremendous political, economic, and philosophical changes taking place in Europe and America contributed to his ideas for the novel.

- On the international political scene, many events taking place contributed and had a large impact on his novel. Examples include:

- The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
- The dictatorship of Mussolini in Italy
- The Nazi Party movement in Germany

- He realized that communism and fascism place the state above the individual, and in recognizing this, he demonstrated the danger in his novel to inform others.

- Economic changes during the 1930s were inspiration to his novel, such as mass production and Henry Ford.

- In Brave New World, Huxley discusses the shift in emphasis from truth and beauty to comfort and happiness.
- In both novels,
Orwell and Huxley
incorporated societal
changes and events
as inspiration to the
plot.

- Both authors
sought out to warn
society of the
dangers of
totalitarianism.

Krissy
Rated
1984
:
Rated
Brave New World:
1984
Brave New World
1984
Brave New World
Power
Loss of Individuality
Truth
Power
Loss of Individuality
Happiness vs. Freedom
The Party controls EVERYTHING
Big Brother is Watching You!
The governments' power should be limited
Blue overalls
Mindless Followers
Fact: The sky is blue
Fact: 2 + 2 = 4
Cannot trust the truth to be true.
It is hard to break a person, but it's not impossible.
That's true, or it is...?
Control over appearance, interests and thoughts.
No one person or group should ever have total control.
Happy consumer,

whether you like it
or not...
Individuality?
Never heard of it.
Everyone is just a piece of the puzzle.

1984
Brave New World
Bridget
Rated
1984
:
Rated
Brave New World:
Julia
Bernard Marx
Lenina Crowne
John the Savage
Linda
Mustapha Mond
Winston Smith
Thought Police
Big Brother
Director
Elisa
Rated
1984
:
Nooshin
Rated
1984
:
Rated
Brave New World:
Natalie
Rated
1984
:
Rated
Brave New World:
Rated
Brave New World:
Connections:
Text to Society
1984
Brave New World
1984
Brave New World
Text to Self
"I'm awfully glad I'm a Beta, because I don't work so hard. And then we are much better than the Gammas and the Deltas. Gammas are stupid. They all wear green, and Delta children wear khaki. Oh no, I
don't
want to play with Delta children. And Epsilons are still worse. They're too stupid to be able to read or write. Besides, they wear black, which is such a beasty colour. I'm so glad I'm a Beta. "
(Huxley 22-23)
Text to Self
1984
&
Brave New World
Text to Text:
The Hunger Games
"The Village Blacksmith"

Under a spreading chestnut tree
The village smithy stands;
The smith, a mighty man is he,
With large and sinewy hands;
And the muscles of his brawny arms
Are strong as iron bands. (Longfellow 1-6)
Text to Self
"Everyone works for everyone else. We can't do without anyone. Even Epsilons are useful. We couldn't do without Epsilons. Everyone works for everyone else. We can't do without anyone..."
(Huxley 64)
1984
Brave New World
Text to Society: 1984
War
"Winston could not definitely remember a time when his country had not been at war..." (Orwell,33)
Text to Society: Brave New World
Consumerism
He is 39 years old

Employed at the Ministry of Truth

The protagonist

Fights against the Totalitarian government run by Big Brother

O'Brien
Minor Characters
Helmholtz
Text to Society: 1984
War
In the novel 1984, the people of Oceania are unaware of who they are fighting against of where the fighting is going on.

During the United States and their "War on Terror", a majority of the American public didn't realize that heir troops were fighting in other places besides Iraq and Afganistan.

She is 26 years old woman

Is a down to earth and good looking girl.

Is a prominent member of the Anti – sex league

Operates a writing machine at the Ministry of Truth.

Has an affair with Winston

Is an Inner Party representative

Is a bulky man with a thick neck and brutally evil face.
Text to Society: Brave New World
Loss of "Family Values"
A group of secret police working for the Party

These special police officers are disguised as everyday citizens.

Able to read minds

Often they arrest people during the night, leaving no trace of their existence


Emmanuel Goldstein
Enemy of the people
Father of the brotherhood against the Party
An old man with a long white beard and blue eyes
Central figure of the Two minutes of hate

The Parsons family
Winston Smith’s next door neighbours at his flat in Victoria Mansions.

Mr Charrington
Old widower, supposedly of 63 years of age
Runs a little antique shop
Rents the upstairs room to Julia and Winston as a place away from the eyes of Big Brother.

"In brief,” the Director summed up, “the parents were the father and the mother." The smut that was really science fell with a crash into the boys eyes, avoiding silence.

An alpha plus

Works as a specialist in the process of sleep teaching

Is described as being a very “small” and “ugly”

Bernard is treated as an outcast

Is very unhappy and dissatisfied with his boring and cliché life in the World State.

Has an antisocial morality and prefers spending “most of his time by himself, alone

Desires to have a deep and personal monogamous relationship with Lenina Crowne, something the World State does not allow.

Has a very negative outlook on life mainly because he is unhappy in a world where everyone else is happy.
"It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself - anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality, of having something to hide."
(Orwell 65)

Woman from the Beta cast

Suffers from lupus

Young, pretty and intelligent woman desired by many men in the World State

Works at the London Hatchery

Very arrogant and narcissistic character

Is a well- conditioned citizen by World State , believes in having sex with multiple partners when she pleases

Alpha Plus

A physically and mentally perfect Alpha specimen, excelling in all aspects of his life

Friend of Bernard’s

Non conformist who believes that his life in the New World could be better if given freedom and liberty

A writer who dreams of a World in which he is allowed to read and write poetry as he pleases


Henry Foster:

Scientist in the London Hatchery

An ideal citizen of the world state

Efficient and obedient citizen hard at work, while filling his leisure time with group sports and casual sex with multiple women

Foil to Bernard

One of the ten world controllers

A good natured and intelligent man

Read forbidden literary works including, Shakespeare and the Holy Bible

Once a gifted scientist, Mustapha Mond made the conscious choice as a young man to become a World Controller as opposed to a troublesome dissident.

Text to Society: Brave New World
Biological father of John

Lover of Linda

Director of London’s Hatching and Conditioning Centre.

Loss of "Family Values"
John’s mother

Beta minus

She is left at a Savage Reservation

She begins to grow fat, sick and old without the proper anti aging drugs so abundant in the World State

Spends most of her time high on soma

In Brave New World, promiscuity is encouraged and monogamy is looked down upon.

In our society, people have become more accepting of different relationships that don't necessarily represent "family values".


Born on a Savage Reservation

He is a tall and handsome man

Is the accidental son of Linda and the Director

Described as being one created as a result of the combinations of the Savage and World State ideologies



Text to Self
The novels were an effective pairing.

"Now I will tell you the answer to my question. It is this. The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power. Not wealth or luxury or long life or happiness: only power, pure power.”
(Orwell 275)

Strengths
Similar themes, settings and characters but different enough to make each novel unique
Weaknesses
Both are very content heavy.
1984
vs.
The Hunger Games
:
Telescreens vs. Cameras
Thought Police vs. Peacekeepers
Big Brother vs. President Snow
Brave New World
vs.
The Hunger Games
:
5 castes vs. 12 districts
Directors vs. Peacekeepers
Person vs. Self:
Winston vs. Winston
Person vs. Society:
Winston vs. Big Brother
Person vs. Technology:
Winston vs. The Telescreens
Person vs. Self:
Bernard vs. Bernard
Person vs. Society:
Bernard vs. The World State
Person vs. Nature:
Bernard vs. Manufacturing of Humanity
"He dipped the pen into the ink and then faltered for just a second. A tremor had gone through the bowels. To mark the paper was the decisive act. In small clumsy letters he wrote: April 4th, 1984." (Orwell 9)
"The instrument (the telescreen, it was called) could be dimmed, but there was no way of shutting it off completely." (Orwell 4)
"He [spent] most of his time by himself -
alone
." (Huxley 38)
Full transcript