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Transatlantic Cable - Kyle Wilson
Transcript of Transatlantic Cable - Kyle Wilson
This was the first permanent Transatlantic cable. Samuel Morse invented the telegraph.
This allowed messages to be sent quickly across large distances.
Telegraph poles sprang up everywhere to allow people to communicate.
However, telegraph wires are impossible to string across a body of water the size of an ocean. Enter Cyrus Field, a paper merchant.
He suggested and agreed to fund laying cable across the ocean floor and formed the New York, Newfoundland and London Telegraph Company in 1854.
Laying cable across shorter bodies of water was not a novel concept.
However, there had never been an attempt to lay a cable across an ocean.
The first four attempts to lay the cable failed (it was snapped or was lost).
On the fifth try, the connection was successful.
The first messages sent across were a congratulatory message from Queen Victoria and the response from President Buchanan.
However, the cable soon began to slow down and failed completely after 23 days of operation. 1866 Connecting Continents Place in history The transatlantic telegraph cable was vital in revolutionizing the communications industry.
While, through its use, it touched on many industries, it did not have an effect like that of the steam engine, which revolutionized almost all aspects of life.
However, it did lay the foundation for the Information Age! Mechanics and operation of the cable The Transatlantic cable was made of 7 copper wires of 22 gauge width coated with Gutta Percha surrounded by 126 strands of iron wire and more Gutta Percha together forming a strand three quarters of an inch thick.
Accordingly, 133 miles of wire were used for every mile of cable and the overall weight was one ton per mile.
The wire transmitted the dots and dashes of Morse code as positive and negative currents respectively. To make the main cable shorter, it was decided to run the cable from New York to Newfoundland and then to Ireland.
The UsS Niagara and HMS Agamemnon were to start on opposite sides and sail toward each other.
Later attempts started in the middle and sailed outward. Impact on society Messages could now be sent in a matter of hours not days.
Information could now be kept more up to date and countries could communicate important events more rapidly to each other.
Individuals could now also keep in touch with friends and relatives across the Atlantic.
The success of the cable proved that the concept was sound. 1854 1832-1835 •"A Thread Across the Ocean." : The Heroic Story of the Transatlantic Cable by John Steele Gordon. Harper Perennial. 2003. Print.
"Circuits in the Sea" by Chester G. Hearn. Praeger, 2004. Print.
•Cookson, Gillian. "The TransAtlantic Telegraph Cable: Eighth wonder of the world." History Today. 01 Mar. 2000: 44. eLibrary. Web. 07 Feb. 2013.
•Linge, Nigel. "History of Telecommunications." History of Telecommunications. University of Stanford, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. Citations The Story of the Transatlantic Cable