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Aztec Calendar Stone
Transcript of Aztec Calendar Stone
aka the Aztec Sun Stone Consecration plate of 13-Acatl
(1479 A.D) Tlachinolli sign in each
fire serpent Four amatl stripes,
made of agave leaves Fire serpent's head with
seven stars of the Pleiades Head of the fire serpent has humanistic
features, with an open mouth like a
dragon Xiuhtecutli - God of the night (turquois). Feat. with
+Half covered face
Protruding tongue against Tonatiuh Tonatiuh, God of day. Seen throwing smoke
and struggling against God of night. Additional serpent Flames Tail of fire serpent Outer ring of Aztec Calendar Stone This ring represents the Aztec's God Xiuhcoatl (Fire serpent). These fire serpents are believed to have carried the sun across the sky and then became the milky way at night. It can get complicated... So we're going to split the monument and its iconography into 3 geometric sections. The Center of the Sun Stone The Stone
Center The Middle
Ring Zone The central circle is composed
of 3 main elements:
the face of the sun god;
the signs of the 4
cosmologonic eras within the date glyph 4 ollin, and an outer
ring of 20 day signs. The sun god
Tonatiuh? Images in the ollin: the Jaguar; Wind; Rain/Fire; and Water.
(counterclockwise order) Problems with Identification Who is the face in the center of the stone?
Option 1: Tonatiuh, Lord of the Sun
Option 2: Tlaltecuhtli, Lord or Lady of the Earth
Option 3: Yohualtecuhtli, Lord of the Night Main Source:
Villela, Khristan D. and Mary Ellen Miller. "The Aztec Calendar Stone." Los Angeles: The Getty Research Institute, 2010. The Outer
Salvador, Ricardo J. "Introduction to the Aztec Calendar." Introduction to the Aztec Calendar. Aztec & Maya Calendars, 04 Apr. 2002. Web. 08 Apr. 2013.
Townsend, Richard F. State and Cosmos in the Art of Tenochtitlan. Washington: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, 1979. Print. Overview: Scholarly Take:
1. Dragon like serpents named (Tonatiuh - Sun and Xiuhtecuhtli - Turquois - Night
2. Serpents enclose the sun
3. tails meet at 13 - Acatl (1479 A.D)
4. Serpents responsible for transporting the sun 5. Outer rim composes the night sky. Creates heavenly sphere. Imagery: The Middle Ring Mary Colleen McCormick Context Monolithic sculpture
Probably completed in the year 13 Reed (1479)
Diameter: 3.7 meters
Thickness: 1.2 meters
Weight: approx 24 tons
Covered in intricate symmetrical carvings The sun diadem Exacavated in the Zócalo on December 17, 1790, during renovations of the Mexico City Cathedral
Found laying flat on the ground; original position unknown
Exact function is unclear: many theories exist
Relation to time, hence the name "Calendar Stone"
May have represented Tenochtitlan as the center of the world triangle "pointer", pointing east Known by a variety of different names:
Aztec Calendar Stone
Piedra del Sol or Mexica Sun Stone
Cuauhxicalli, ‘Eagle Bowl'
Stone of the Five Eras These are photos of the Sun Stone in Mexico City today. They are at the Mueso de Anthropologia y Historia. You can see how the stone is being presented upright although it may have originally been laying flat. This also helps you appreciate the scale. It is representative of the Mexican nation and it ties Mexican culture to the Aztec past Significance TEAM 10! We do it like Bruce Willis serprent mouths? quincunx rays of sun/cardinal and intercardinal directions Day Signs The ring right outside of the ollin contains all 20 days of the 260 day calender. You move left from the top, beginning with Cipactli, or alligator (for some reason it says light here) and move around, ending with Xochitl or flower. Here is a clearer list of all 20 day signs represented in the first circle. Moving from left to right, top to bottom we go through the symbols, starting with alligator and ending with flower.