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Transcript of Cloud Computing
Top 7 applications
1. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS)
2. Private cloud and hybrid cloud
3. Test and development
4. Big data analysis
5. File storage
6. Disaster recovery
The economics of cloud can be grouped into:
1. Direct Cost Savings
2. Productivity improvements
What is cloud computing?
How does it impact our lives? (social, economic, environmental)
Case Studies ...
How it relates to Ethics!
How many here use cloud computing?
Device & location Independence
Long run impact on GDP of cloud computing adoption
Potential GDP impact of cloud computing adoption
Case study 1: "Europe vs Facebook"
"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" - Arthur C. Clarke
What is Cloud Computing?
computing in which
large groups of
centralized data storage
services or resources
An Austrian law student, Max, held a legal battle against Facebook in European court
He claims that Facebook has violated EU law in terms of "right of access"
1. Log in to a portal (check identification)
2. Order your services (application) through the Cloud Service Consumer e.g. Facebook.
3. Service (platform) supplied by the cloud service provider.
4. The cloud provider will validate your request
(credit card, contract)
5. You will receive the credentials to access your requested services
Collecting data on non-Facebook users
Gathering personal data via "friend find"
Retaining records of deleted posts, copies and chat messages
Keeping all the IP addresses of machines he had used to access the site
data gathered from geo-tagged uploads to work out where he was
Facebook's official statement:
Accessibility and Fame
Education: innovative instruction without barriers
We interpret consent in a way that as long as they don't say no [then it's ok]
Who's duty? Facebook or the users'?
Does Facebook have the right to do so?
(a) legal point-of-view
(b) ethics point-of-view
Can people say no?
Big question: Who owns your data?
Facebook believes that once they obtain the data, they can use it however they want
Privacy rights state that the data continues to be the property of the users', not Facebook!
Facebook and Google are monopolists in their relevant market
Examples of Applications
Does Facebook have the right to control and use the users' data?
Does Facebook need to provide transparency to the public about how data have been used?
Does facebook have the right to keep data which has been "deleted" by users?
Case Study 2: Microsoft and Google tips off
Microsoft tipped off US law enforcers to the presence of a child abuse image stored on a man's cloud storage account, leading to his arrest
Microsoft stats it uses "automated technologies" to detect child abuse images or check for abusive behavior that might harm the system, our customers or other
Privacy vs Justice
Microsoft has violated the privacy of the user
But what if there is a good motive behind its action?
Do you feel your privacy has been offended if your data has only been processed by computers?
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