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Cloud Computing

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on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of Cloud Computing

Engineer's Duty
Top 7 applications
1. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS)
2. Private cloud and hybrid cloud
3. Test and development
4. Big data analysis
5. File storage
6. Disaster recovery
7. Backup
Economic Impacts
The economics of cloud can be grouped into:
1. Direct Cost Savings
Supply-side savings
Demand-side aggregation
Multi-User efficiency
2. Productivity improvements
3. Innovation
Mini Poll
What is cloud computing?
How does it impact our lives? (social, economic, environmental)
Case Studies ...
How it relates to Ethics!

How many here use cloud computing?
Device & location Independence
Long run impact on GDP of cloud computing adoption
Potential GDP impact of cloud computing adoption
Environmental Impacts
Social Impacts
Case study 1: "Europe vs Facebook"

"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" - Arthur C. Clarke
What is Cloud Computing?

computing in which
large groups of
remote servers

allow the
centralized data storage
, and
online access
to computer
services or resources

An Austrian law student, Max, held a legal battle against Facebook in European court
He claims that Facebook has violated EU law in terms of "right of access"
Cloud Computing
1. Log in to a portal (check identification)

2. Order your services (application) through the Cloud Service Consumer e.g. Facebook.

3. Service (platform) supplied by the cloud service provider.

4. The cloud provider will validate your request

(credit card, contract)

5. You will receive the credentials to access your requested services
Charges included:
Collecting data on non-Facebook users
Gathering personal data via "friend find"
Retaining records of deleted posts, copies and chat messages
Keeping all the IP addresses of machines he had used to access the site
data gathered from geo-tagged uploads to work out where he was
Informed consent?
Facebook's official statement:
Accessibility and Fame
"invisible" computers
Education: innovative instruction without barriers
We interpret consent in a way that as long as they don't say no [then it's ok]
Terms of use and condition:
Every Facebook user has agreed to the terms of use and conditions ( 14000 words)
Who's duty? Facebook or the users'?
Does Facebook have the right to do so?
(a) legal point-of-view
(b) ethics point-of-view

Can people say no?
Big question: Who owns your data?
Facebook believes that once they obtain the data, they can use it however they want
Privacy rights state that the data continues to be the property of the users', not Facebook!
Facebook and Google are monopolists in their relevant market
Examples of Applications
ethical issues
Does Facebook have the right to control and use the users' data?
Does Facebook need to provide transparency to the public about how data have been used?
Does facebook have the right to keep data which has been "deleted" by users?
Case Study 2: Microsoft and Google tips off
General Procedure
Microsoft tipped off US law enforcers to the presence of a child abuse image stored on a man's cloud storage account, leading to his arrest
Microsoft stats it uses "automated technologies" to detect child abuse images or check for abusive behavior that might harm the system, our customers or other
According to the terms of use and conditions, Microsoft was well within its rights to flag the isssue to the authorities
Privacy vs Justice
Microsoft has violated the privacy of the user
But what if there is a good motive behind its action?
Do you feel your privacy has been offended if your data has only been processed by computers?
"... you specifically give us the following permission, ...: you grant us a non-exclusive, transferable, sub-licensable, royalty-free, worldwide license to use any IP content that you post on or in connection with Facebook (IP License). This IP License ends when you delete your IP content or your account unless your content has been shared with others, and they have not deleted it."
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