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Mexican Revolution

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Julia Botello

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Mexican Revolution

Social Effects
Important Literature-
Los de abajo (The Underdogs) by Mariano Azuela
Esperanza Rising by Pam Muñoz
2. Muralists Movement-
After the revolution ended and Jose Vasconcelos was appointed the secretary of public education, he had to find a way to help educate the mostly illiterate population. The muralists movement was his solution to this problem by helping to remind the people of their history through murals that were painted on public building, libraries, universities, and even palaces.
Crane Brition's 8 Step Comparison
Stage 1- Impossible demands made of government-
Revolutionaries demanded respect and a better society.
Stage 2- Useless attempts to suppress revolutionaries-
Porfirio Diaz attempts to regain control and fails.
Stage 3- Revolutionaries gain power and seem united-
All the armies of the north and south seemed united.
Stage 4- Revolutionaries fight among themselves and unity dissolves-
In Mexico the revolutionaries started to want to stand for different things and broke off from one another.
Stage 5- Moderates gain power but fail to satisfy the extremists -
Each time a group gained control their leaders were killed or exiled.
Stage 6- Power gradually gained by more radical groups until lunatic fringe gains almost all power-
From 1915 to 1917 power was wrestled with and then Carranza gained power
Stage 7- Strong man emerges and gains great power-
Obregon gained power and held on to it.
Stage 8- 10 Do not happen in the Mexican Revolution.

A few of the battles
Battle of Ciudad Juarez-battle that occured in 1911 between the of Porfirio Diaz and the revolutionary force of Madero and Pancho Villa.Diaz lost and was finally convinced he could not win.
Battle of Zacatecas-occurred in 1914 .Huerta who was president at the time sent a huge army to attack Pancho Villas army in Zacatecas .It was a divide and conquer ploy. It failed and the revolutionaries morals boosted.
Battle of Juarez- This battle happened in 1919 and was one of the final major battles of the revolution.
Background Info
The Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1920 was not the first violent war to hit Mexico. In 1821 Mexico won their independence from Spain,with the upper class, the criollos being the main benefactors.This fact is a reason why less than a century later {when the population had become comprised of mostly mestizos and indigenous people} ,people who had not benefitted {mestizos and indigenous people}decided to join up and rise against the government.

Mexican Revolution
Summary Cont.
Important People
Dictator Diaz:
-full name Jose de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori
- politician/soldier in Mexico
-served 7 terms as president over 35 years
-veteran in the Reform war
-time period as president known as the “El Porfiriato”
-Resigned as president of Mexico in 1911 and fled the country.

Francisco Madero:
-thrown in jail by Diaz
-while in jail, wrote: Plan de San Luis Potosi
-took over as leader after Diaz but was a weak leader and failed to uphold land reforms he had promised
-replaced and executed by general Victoriano Huerta

Victoriano Huerta:
-Commander of the federal forces
-Assassinated Madero in 1913 and became the new president, but faced heavy opposition
-After losing key battles to the revolutionaries he resigned the same
year and fled the country

Important people Cont.

Official name: Political Constitution of the United Mexican States
Signed 5 February 1917
Carranza invited all revolutionary leaders to a military conference at Aguascalientes to determine the future course of Mexico. There was some conflict during the meeting with groups of leaders supporting different plans . This led to the calling of a constitutional convention where a draft of the constitution was drawn up .The original draft had power vested mainly in the executive branch but the final draft gave additional rights to the mexican citizen. This resulted in Carranza being elected president. But his term was short lived because he failed to meet the laborers demands which he had previously promised to meet.

-Mexico was rid of Porfirio Diaz's dictatorship
-period of many leaders
-Mexico made constitution in 1917 w the end of the war (though fighting still cont. for 10 yrs)
-created a fairer way of life for farm classes
-100 yr old hacienda system=gone
-div. and dist. into Indian/peasant communities in the form of “ejidos”
- replaced foreign- owned oil industry w mexican petroleum company PEMEX
- gov= more conservative economically

Results of Mexican Revolution
King, Alan. "The Mexican Revolution." Historytoday.com. http://www.historytoday.com/alan-knight/mexican-revolution.
"Feature Mexican Revolution." PBS. Accessed January 8, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/feature/mexican-revolution/
"Topics in Chronicling America - Pancho Villa." Pancho Villa. Accessed January 8, 2015. http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/pancho.html.
Mexico's Revolution: 1910–1920." Mexico's Revolution: 1910–1920. Accessed December 28, 2015. http://isreview.org/issue/75/mexicos-revolution-1910-1920.
-The Mexican Revolution Starts in 1910 after Francisco Madero lost the presidential election to the dictator Porfirio Diaz. Madero gets thrown in prison and writes The Plan of San Luis Potosi calling to overthrow Diaz.
-Madero ultimately wins and Diaz is forced to dissolve his government as Madero takes over in 1911.
-Madero's presidency is short lived as General Huerta has him killed after he is unable to create stability.
-Huerta claims himself as president but is exiled in 1914 for treason by Vestuiano Carranza. Carranza also tries to claim presidency but because there is little order by now he is not officially in office until 1917
-After getting into office, Carranza creates a new Mexican Constitution with the help of only people who support him. He doesn't follow through on many of the promises he gave and fighting continues for three more years,
-At this time Alvaro Obregon becomes president after him.
-Around this time in 1920 most of the conflicts and violence stopped and this year is considered the end to the revolution.
Francisco “Pancho” Villa:
-Led a large armed struggle against President Porfirio Diaz in 1911
-Was a Supporter of the Plan de San Luis Potosi
-joins with Zapata to oppose Huertas dictatorship
-leader of the Division del Norte

Emiliano Zapata:
-Leader in the South
-Supported the Plan de Ayala
-Supporters were called Agrarista

Venustiano Carranza:
-After Huerta fled Carranza met with Villa and Zapata at a military conference to discuss the future of Mexico
-supported by the U.S. Carranza called for a Constitutional Convention and the constitution of 1917 was drafted and approved
-However after ignoring to proceed with the agrarian reform promised in the constitution the revolution continued and Carranza was assassinated

"Taller De Grafica Popular." Taller De Grafica Popular. Accessed January 8, 2015. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~cerva20s/World Politics/DiegoRiveraMural.gif.

"The Mexican Revolution: November 20th, 1910 | EDSITEment." The Mexican Revolution: November 20th, 1910 | EDSITEment. Accessed January 8, 2015. http://edsitement.neh.gov/feature/mexican-revolution-november-20th-1910.
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