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Liberal Reforms Essays

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Humanities Department

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of Liberal Reforms Essays

Why did the Liberal Government introduce Welfare Reforms from 1906-14?
How important were concerns about Britain's national security in the Liberal Government's decision to introduce social reforms, 1906-1914?
Reasons for the Liberal Reforms
National Efficiency & economic concerns
Boer War & concerns about national security
New Liberalism & Impact of 'Municipal Socialism'
Pressure from the Labour Party
Reports into poverty
The laissez-faire attitude towards poverty was challenged by several different factors towards the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Gradually, politicians came to accept that there existed a 'deserving poor' who required government intervention in order to stay above the 'poverty line'.
BACKGROUND
FACTORS
Historiography & Debate
Key Quotes:
“I can tell Liberals what will make the Labour Party a great force in this country ... If a Liberal government does nothing to cope seriously with the social condition of people, to remove the national shame of the slums and widespread poverty in a land glittering with wealth.”
David Lloyd George, speaking in 1906
“The attempt to raise up the well-being and efficiency of the more backward of our people is not about providing welfare but it is about business.”
Lord Milner, Liberal peer speaking in 1908
1. Which factor does David Lloyd George's quote suggest was key in influencing the Liberal Reforms?
2. Which factor does Lord Milner's quote suggest was key in influencing the Liberal Reforms?
3. What do these quotes tell you about views of the Liberal Party towards their own reforms?
Views of Historians:
ECONOMIC
SOCIAL
LIBERAL
SOCIALIST
Reports into poverty were a catalyst for change, challenging societies attitudes towards the poor and providing the social pressure for the passing of the reforms.
The Liberal Reforms were a response to the economic pressures created by an unfit workforce and the rising competition from countries such as Germany.
The threat of the Labour Party, taking voters away from the Liberals was the key influence. Therefore the reforms were passed for cynical, selfish reasons by the Liberals.
The rise to importance of men like Lloyd George & Churchill who disagreed with Laissez-faire views was the ultimate reason for the passing of reforms.
The view of _______________ historians is most valid. __________________ was the most significant reason for the passing of the welfare reforms. This provided _________________________


Line of Argument
This essay will argue that concerns about national security were (______) important in the introduction of social reforms because...
NAVAL ARMS RACE:
By the 1900s, Germany's desire for an Empire saw the building of the Kiel Canal and the start of the Naval Arms Race between Britain and Germany.
Why did Britain feel threatened by Germany building the Kiel Canal and expanding her Navy?
What factor would this have had the greatest influence upon?
Historiography & Debate:
Read through the handout and complete the following tasks:
1. Write down the 5 factors which contributed to the Liberal Reforms on your desk.
2. Sort the quotes into the relevant factors.
3. Take a photo of the completed task.
4. Choose two quotes that you agree with. In your jotter note down the quote, explain what point the author is making and why you agree with this.
5. Choose one quote that you disagree with. In your jotter note down the quote, explain what point the author is making and why you disagree with this.
6. What factor(s) do you now think were most important in influencing the Liberal Reforms?
changing attitudes to the poor
National Efficiency & economic concerns
Boer War & concerns about national security
New Liberalism & Impact of 'Municipal Socialism'
Pressure from the Labour Party
Reports into poverty
How important were concerns about Britain's national security in the Liberal Government's decision to introduce social reforms, 1906-1914?
Line of Argument
This essay will argue that __________________ was the most important factor in the Liberal's decision to introduce welfare reforms. (not concerns about national security)
Evaluations
For paragraph on national security, sum up overall impact of the Boer War on attitudes to the poor.
For other factors compare the significance of the factor to that of national security. Make sure this supports your signpost.
In comparison to concerns about national security _________________________
was a greater influence on/had less influence on/had equal influence on
the Liberal Reforms because...
Task:
Create a plan for the paragraph you have been given to write in your group essay.
Make sure you have at least 2 points of KU
Think about analysis and analysis +
In what ways did your factor create pressure on the Liberals to pass reforms?
In what ways did your factor change attitudes to the poor?
Did your factor have an influence on other factors?
What counter arguments can be made? Why was the impact of your factor limited?
Make sure you are clear on your evaluation and how this ties in with your line of argument.
Divide the factors into:
Cynical, selfish motivations for reform
Humanitarian concerns
the pressure for reform mainly seems to have come from cynical, selfish motivations.
OR
because genuine humanitarian concerns had a much greater influence on the liberals.
Evaluations
Using the historiography to help, write evaluative comments for at least three factors.
Make sure these:
Reflect or reinforce your line of argument
Make comparisons between the influence of individual factors
Provide a clear reason (either evidence or a quote) to support this comparison.
Full transcript