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Transcript of Record
By Sandra, Cheikh, Millie and Tonya
WHY IS LISTENING IMPORTANT?
Its is necessary for:
Establishing and improving relationships
showing respect for others
Showing empathy and compassion
Learning new information
Understanding other's opinion and views
We spend most of our time listening. reasearch say that we spend almost 70% of our waking time communicating, and 53% of that time is spent in listening situation. Effective listening skills can determine the diferecnce between success or failure, A' s or F' s, realtionships or lonelines and in some cases , life or death.
you've probably been in situations where others misunderstand you.
perhaps you heard something incorrectly. These communications blunder arise because we tend to view listening.
Chinese Verb "To Listen"
Listen with a purpose-Recognize the different types of listening situations for example, class, worship, entertainment and relationships. People do not listen the same way in every situation.
Listening objectively- meaning listen with an open mind. This perhaps the most difficult aspect of listening. If someone has left the room while you were giving your opinion of a situation, then you have experience of talking to people who do not know how to listen objectively.(or being cut off)
Listening Constructively- This type of listening involves evaluating the information you hear and determine whether it has a meaning to your life. We all tend to shut out info that we view as immediately helpful or useful. To listen constructively you need to know how to listen and store info.(boss telling you to go to work but your having family difficulty's)
Four Listening Styles
Action- Oriented Listeners:
Want to get their messages quickly and to the point.
become frustrated when information is not orderly.
Set a time limit for listening(communication in general).
will ask people to "move their message along" id they feel it is taking too long.
View listening as a chance to connect with other people.
Enjoying listening to people so that relationship can be built.
Can you really overcome the obstacles to listening?
Obstacles 1: Prejudging
Prejudging is one of the biggest obstacles to active listening meaning that you automatically shut down what is being said. You may prejudge because you don't like or agree with the information or the communicating.
DO YOU PREJUDGE INFORMATION?
1. I tune out when something is boring?
2. I do not listen to the people i do not like?
3. I tune out when i do not agree with the information?
4. I make decisions about information before i understand all of its consequences?
TIPS FOR OVERCOMING PREJUDGING
Listen for information that may be valuable to you as a student. some materials may not be pleasant to hear but it may be useful later on.
Listen to the message, not the messenger(liking the speaker and not paying attention/ disliking both).
having an open mind.(adjust to other point of view and not meaning they are wrong).
Obstacle 2: Talking
The next time you are in a conversation with a friend, try speaking while your friend is speaking, then see if you know what your friend said. to become an effective listener, you need to learn the power of silence. Silence is giving you an opportunity to think about what is being said before you respond.
Avoid interrupting the speaker. Force yourself to be silent at parties, family gathering ... etc. You will be surprise what you hear.
Ask someone a question and allow them to finish
Concentrate on what is being said at the moment.
Obstacle 3: Becoming Too Emotional.
Emotions can form a strong barrier to active listening. worries, problems, fears and anger can keep you from listening to the greatest advantage.
I get angry before I hear the whole story?
Sometimes I begin to listen on a negative note?
I base my opinions of information on what others say or doing?
Tip: know how you feel before you begin to flip tables.
Tip: focus on the message
Tip: Positive image about the message
Tip: Avoid overreacting
Yes or No
Yes or No
Treat other they way you want to be treated!
Obstacle 3: Becoming Too Emotional
Listening in difficult situations.
Students whose first language is not English, your coursework can present some uniquely challenging situations. one of the most hard things to do is translate and listen.
Don't be afraid to ask your professor for clarification. it allows you to take an active part in listening.
If the class is watching a video or movie in class try to catch the words you are familiar with with your net. Clarified it after class with the professor.
Write down majority of what the professor puts on the broad.
Taking Notes also helps
Join a club that practices languages, and listen/watching TV shows. For Example- Dateline 20/20, 60 Min ... ect.
Listening in difficult situations.
What is the difference between Listening and Hearing?
1. Who is Dr. Walter Pauk?
2. Name the three types of Obstacles? and their meaning?
3. What does the L-STAR System stand for?
4. Name at least 3 types of Effective Note Taking Tips ?
5. What is Pre-judging?
6. List and define the Four Listening Styles?
7. Name the three Note Taking Systems?
8. What do you do when English is your Second Language?
9. Why is it important to take notes during a Lecture?
10. Difference between Listening and Hearing?
Listening Can be so hard!
Hearing is one of the five senses of a person and it is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations as the ear. Listening also known as ‘active listening’ is a technique used in communication which requires a person to pay attention to the speaker and provide feedback.
The Outline System is one of the most commonly
used note-taking. This system consists of formatting, and major Subheading and outlines. Most often used when discussing different subjects.
The Cornell System created by Dr. Walter Pauk. This system is to split the page into two sections, each to be used for different information. Section A is used for asking questions that summarize information found in Section B.
The mapping system consistsn of visual mapping event. This can be used for visual learners.
People have different ways in taking notes. you may chose which one helps you memorize. There are many ways to take notes but you have to be able to translate, analyze, remember previous info.
The L-STAR System.
Listening- To become an effective not taker is to become an active listener. Sit in front of the class to where you can hear the instructor and see the board. If you sit all the way in the back of the classroom, it makes it harder to concentrate and capture the important clues the instructor gives out.
Setting it down
- one of the best way to keep up are symbols you use will be universal, but you may use symbols, pictures. For Example- (&- and), (w/o- without) ... ect.
- You can save hours of work as you begin to study for exams. Many students feel that this process it worthless but it will come to use later on, taking notes so quickly can lead us in making mistakes. It also helps to connect between previous material discussed.
Analyze is to translate what has been written down. This is more of a thinking process, and putting materials in place. This will begin to test your understanding. For Example- Taking Notes for an exam and you begin to study for an exam test with notes you have written down.
Remebering means translating, analyzing and processing all available note taking and information on paper. (remembering such as visual, study partner. For Example- You study the 3 days before and the night before your exam, and the next morning you took your exam and passed.
How Can I Write It Right?
Prepare yourself mentally and physically to take effective notes.
Physically and Mentally "Attend classes".
Come to class prepared.
Bring your textbook to class.
Ask questions and participate in class.
English is not my First Language.
Don't be afraid to stop the instructor to ask clarification. If the instructor cant answer your question, talk to him after class.
If your watching a movie or video in class, listen to the words that you are familiar with and try figuring out unfamiliar words in the context.
Enhance your vocabulary by watching and listening to TV programs for Example- 60 Minutes, Primetime Live, Dateline 20/20.
Write the majority of what the instructor puts on the board or power point.
Finally, if there is a study group or club that meets at your institution, take the opportunity to join. By practicing language.
Four Listening Styles:
1. Action-Oriented Listeners:
Want to get their messages quickly and to the point.
Become frustrated when information is not orderly.
2. Time-Oriented Listeners:
Listeners who are very impatient.
Set a time limit in everything and asking people o hurry along.
3. People-Oriented Listeners:
View listening as a chance to communicate with others.
Involved with the person they are have contact with.(Emotional)
4. Content- Oriented Listeners:
Enjoys asking questions
Likes listening to facts and evidence
Carefully evaluates information before forming an opinion.