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The Yom Kippur War

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by

Katrina Awad

on 15 March 2012

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Transcript of The Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War The Yom Kippur war began on October 6, 1973. It was called the “Yom Kippur war” because this war was fought during the Jewish religious holiday Yom Kippur. This war was also known as the Ramadan war because it also took place on the Muslim's first day of fasting for Ramadan. Egypt and Syria was on one side, against Israel during this war, to get back their land that they lost in the Six Day War to Israel. They wanted to remove the Israeli troops from the Sinai Peninsula, and Golan Heights. + VS. At the time of this war, Golda Meir was the prime minister of Israel and Anwar Sadat was the president of Egypt. Why attack on Yom Kippur?
Syria and Egypt suprise attacked Israel, on their religious holiday because they knew that their military forces would be busy celebrating Yom Kippur, and would therefore be weak at the moment. Also, no one would expect the Arabs, to attack on the first day of Ramadan. Syria moved into the Golan Heights with 1, 400 tanks, against Israel with only 150 tanks, and Egypt moved into the Suez Canal with 90,000 soldiers against 500 Israeli soldiers. Clearly Israel had a disadvantage. This was a well thought-out plan. Syria moved into the Golan Heights with 1, 400 tanks, against Israel with only 150 tanks, and Egypt moved into the Suez Canal with 80,000 soldiers against 500 Israeli soldiers. Clearly Israel had a disadvantage. The United States came rushing to support Israel, while the Soviet Union supported both Egypt and Syria. Israel with the reserves called was able to push back the Syrian and Egyptian armies. October 22nd a cease fire was called. After 16 days the war ended and the winner was undetermined. Egypt and Syria had failed in getting their land back. Each side had many sad losses of loved ones. Golda Meir 4 Facts plus Importance 1. Her Goal as a child was to establish
a safe, non-predjudice state for Jews. 2. As a child who lived in Russia,
she experienced the hate and danger
Jews had gone through. 3. February 26, 1969, Levi Eshkol who was
the prime minister of Israel died, and
Golda Meir was chosen to be the new
prime minister. (70 years old) 4. After the war, she had resigned because
of the uprisings of Israeli people going against fighting and war. (Golda encouraged war) IMPORTANCE: Golda Meir formed a strong alliance with the United States and ruled over Israel for 5 years. May 1973 Golda Meir was warned about the Egyptians and Syrians coming to attack, but didn't take any threats seriously. Also, Israeli troops thought they were dominate, and convinced theirselves that anyone who attacked was setting theirselves up for death, so they brushed off those warnings. Everyone also underestimated Sadat and thought he was all talk and no walk. 4 Fact plus Importance: 1. September 1970 became the president
of Egypt. 3. At Camp David, he signed a peace
treaty with Israel, so that the Sinai
Pennisula would be returned. 2. He plotted the Yom Kippur attack for
October 6, 1973. 4. He won a Nobel Peace Prize IMPORTANCE: Anwar Sadat was the first Arab leader to visit Israel and make peace with them. The price he paid to make peace with them was his life. By Katrina Awad
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