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Akhmatova and Russia under Stalin

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Burgandee Torres Mann

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Akhmatova and Russia under Stalin

Akhmatova and
Russia under Stalin Who was Stalin? How did the Russian artistic
community change under Stalin? How did Akhmatova’s life change under Stalin’s rule? What happened to Akhmatova’s son? Second Period Every day life becomes more enjoyable! 1928-1937:
End of the turbulent middle and late 1920s
State control was absolute throughout
In 1934 the Bolshevik regime tightened old
methods by imposing several stages of supervision 1900-1928:
A rigid censorship which shut out all but carefully selected authors and ideas
Prohibition or discouragement of many nonpolitical forms of art
New orthodoxy established by Stalin against any ideas likely to disturb and so divert attention from the economic tasks ahead First Period As Communism gained power, more and more of Akhmatova's poetry was rejected because there was an unofficial ban of her poetry from 1925 to 1940. Akhmatova then decided to spend this time immersing herself in literary criticism and translations. August 14th, 1946- Akhmatova's poetry is officially banned by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Andrey Zhdanov, in his report to the Central Committe stated:
"Anna Akhmatova is one of the representatives of this empty reactionary literary swamp. She belongs to the so-called literary group of Acmeists... which is totally alien to Soviet literature ... The scope of her poetry is wretchedly limited, it is the poetry of a lady foaming at the mouth, constantly dashing from the drawing room to the chapel. Her basic theme is erotic love ... She is neither a nun, nor a harlot, but really both ..." Eventually there came a point when Akhmatova succumbed to the Communist version of accepted art, and wrote poems praising Stalin in order to have her son, Lev, released from prison. It did not work. Finally, in 1958, Akhmatova was allowed to write and publish again, although she was under heavy censorship. (Taken from Poets.org): "she was deeply loved... by the Russian people, in part because she did not abandon her country during difficult political times. Her most accomplished works, Requiem (which was not published... in Russia until 1987) and Poem Without a Hero, are reactions to the horror of the Stalinist Terror, during which time she endured artistic repression as well as tremendous personal loss." Joseph Stalin Born 21 December, 1879
Iosif Vissarionovich Djugashvili
1913- Stalin (Man of Steel)
Studied for priesthood
Interested in Marxism- exiles brought knowledge
1898- joined the revolution A Revolutionary 1901-house searched, begins writing for "Brdzola" (The Struggle)
1902- arrested
1903- Bolshevik, growing political power
1904- escapes Siberia
1905- meets Lenin
1906-1913- arrested and exiled lots
1913- writes"The National Question and Social Democracy", editor of "Pravda" (Truth, Bolshevik newspaper) Dictator 1929-1953
World-wide networking
Post-war rebuilding
Nuclear/Space program
Rewrote history, buried by Lenin October 1, 1912, Lev Gumilev was born Father
Nikolai Gumilev June 15, 1992, Lev died... 1935 - Arrested for the first time, released shortly after Age 7 - Parents divorced 1938 - Arrested again, sentenced to 5 years isolation 1948 - Arrested again, sentenced to 10 years in camps for
"Contra-Revolutionary activities" 1944 - Volunteered in WWII - Special Shock Army
1966-1986 taught - Leningrad University - Geography Department. Course name: Science of Ethnology. Also worked in a research institute at LGU. 1956 - Released "for the absence of the case" Age 9 - Father is shot
and Killed When and through what kinds of
methods did Stalin take control
of Russia? Stalin held multiple government positions before and after the Revolution
Rose to power after Lenin's death, Jan.1924
Sources of popularity: "Socialism in One Country", humble roots, "man of the people" StalInIsm:
A repressIve and natIonalIstIc form of communism The Great Purges: Stalin rids the Bolshevik party of all opposition
Labor Camps: Gulags
Historians estimate about 20 million people died under Stalin's regime
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