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Transcript of The Crucible
*University of Michigan (1938)
*Married 3 times
*Daughter, Rebecca, is married to Daniel Day-Lewis
*1949: Death of a Salesman - Pulitzer Prize.
*The Crucible ran on Broadway at the Martin Beck in 1953.
*1969: President of PEN (poets, essayists, and novelists) A series of hangings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial, Massachusetts in the year of 1692. *Desired to "purify" the church of England (1560) -Tending to draw them out when explaining and important idea or theme. He uses words that would have been used in day to day talk between Puritan people.
such as: *As a whole, the play has a depressing and melancholic feel to it (tragedy). *Uses an omniscient narrator to interrupt and describe not only the physical features of characters, but mostly their personalities. *Affair between Proctor and Abigail.
*Proctor is a farmer.
*Putnam's one living child named Ruth.
*The girls were caught dancing naked in the forest.
*The number of girls involved in the "crying out" had been reduced.
*Several judges of almost equal authority were symbolized in Hathorne and Danforth. *Abigail was 11; Proctor was 60ish.
*Proctor was a Tavern keeper.
*Putnam's daughter named Ann.
*The Putnams had 6 living children.
*There was no wild dancing.
*Little is known about the personalities of the characters. by: Arthur Miller Rhetoric Meet the characters Rev. Parris's black slave from Barbados who agreed to perform voodo at Abigail's request. The Dead 19 accused withes were hanged on Gallows Hill in 1692 June 10th: Bridget Bishop
July 19th: Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Good, Susannah Martin, Elizabeth Howe, Sarah Wildes
August 19th: George Burroughs, Martha Carrier, John Willard, George Jacobs Sr., John Proctor
September 22nd: Martha Corey, Mary Eastey, Ann Pudeator, Alice Parker, Mary Parker, Wilmott Red, Margarett Scott, Samuel Wardell 1 pressed to death September 19th: Giles Corey Died in prison Sarah Osbourne, Roger Toothaker, Lydia Dustin, Ann Foster
(and as many as 13 more) *Henry VIII (1509-1547) *Persecution in England. Threat of being sent to jail or whipped. Many fled to Holland. * William Bradford sailed with a group of followers
to the tip of Cape Cod (before Christmas 1620). *Simpler forms of worship.
*New Testament Church Organization.
*Bible reading is necessary. *No clergy or government should act as intermediate between them and God. -Linen/Wool
-Usually earth toned (brown or tan)
-Special colors occasionally bought (scarlet or black) *George Burroughs was able to say the Lord’s Prayer word for word before he was hanged but unfortunately he was hung anyways. *Although people in Salem are all about having good behavior some did not have good sense. Tituba: Reverend Parris: Betty Parris: Ruth Putnam: Reverend Parris's 10 year old daughter. The Putnams' only child. She is 8 years old. These two girls out of the group that were caught, by Parris, dancing in the forest with Tituba got strangely sick. Their weird "illness" is what caused the first rumors of witchcraft. Minister of Salem's church.
*concerned with building his position in the community
*paranoid Abigail Williams: Rev. Parris's niece.
One of the initial accusers in the witch trials. Affair with John Proctor.
Manipulative - Smart - Vindictive
Abigail’s jealousy of Goody Proctor sets the entire witch hysteria in motion. Mary Warren: The oldest of the accusers during the trials, in her late teens. She was a servant for John and Elizabeth Proctor. John Proctor: A local farmer. Husband of Elizabeth Proctor.
Honest - Upright - Blunt-spoken
Proctor is a good man, but made the mistake of having an affair with Abigail Williams (which occurs before the play begins). Elizabeth Proctor: Wife of John Proctor.
Fired Abi when she discovered the affair.
Virtuous - Cold Rebecca Nurse: Wife of Francis Nurse.
Held in high regard by the community.
Wise - Sensible - Upright Francis Nurse: Well-respected, Wealthy, Influential
His enemy is Thomas Putnam. Thomas Putnam: Wealthy - Influential - Crooked *Grudges against Nurse for preventing his brother-in-law from becoming Salem's minister. *Uses the trials to increase his wealth. Giles Corey: Reverend Hale: Judge Danforth: An elderly feisty farmer.
His wife was accused of witchcraft.
He was later pressed to death. A young minister known for his expertise of witchcraft.
His arrival set the hysteria in motion. He later regrets his actions.
His intelligence saves him from being manipulated. Deputy Governor of Massachusetts.
The presiding judge over the Salem witch trials.
He is convinced that is doing right in rooting out witchcraft.
*Each character is exactly that of historical model "The play is not a reportage of any kind... [n]obody can start to write a tragedy and hope to make it a reportage... what I was doing was writing a fictional story about an important theme." ~ Arthur Miller "I have not moved from there to there without I think to please you, and still an everlasting funeral marches round your heart. I cannot speak but I am doubted, every moment judged for lies, as though I come into a court when I come into this house!" He varies his sentence lengths. -Short and medium lengths are common due to the use of dialogue. -aye
-you bid me
-tis -wrong tense, "he draw out a needle"
-"Goody" is used before every woman in the book that is married, because it meant like "goodwife" "and you know i can do it; I saw Indians smash my dear parents' head on the pillow next to mine, and i have seen some reddish work done at night, and i can make you wish you had never seen the sun go down" -Abigail Pathos: the feelings and emotions conveyed to the reader by the characters. Logos: By common sense we know that all the "charges" are false. Ethos: the book is a fictional story of an actual event, using real facts and real people. *It does change throughout the book depending on the character's personality and emotions. *Uses sarcasm, making them seem stupid or crazy (the needle scene). Proctor: "I hope you come not on business of the court"
Cheever: "I do, Proctor, aye. I am clerk of the court now, y'know"
Cheever: "I am given sixteen warrant tonight sir, and she is one"
Proctor: "Who charged her?
Cheever: "Why, Abigail Williams charge her." *His language provides the reader with sight, hearing, and the feelings of the characters. "the place is in darkness but for the moonlight seeping through the bars. It appears empty. Presently footsteps are heard coming down a corridor, beyond the wall, keys rattle, and the door swings open. Marshall Herrick enters with a lantern"
- Act IV "-he knows this is critical, and is striving against his disgust with Hale and with himself for even answering."
~Proctor Works Cited *B, Pascale. "Fashion in Salem." The Salem Times of 1693. UCLS. Web. 13 Mar 2013. <http://people.ucls.uchicago.edu/ *"The Crucible: Background Info." Litcharts. LLC, n.d. Web. 13 Mar 2013. *Bryan, Erin M.. The Life and Times of Arthur Miller. Google Blogspot, 13 Mar 2012. Web. 13 Mar 2013. <http://arthurmillersworld.blogspot.com/>. *Silverman, I. "Crucible- Fact v. Fiction." . Adobe PDF. Web. 13 Mar 2013. <http://www.lz95.net>.