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Transcript of swimming
Did you know that some pools are measured in yards and some are measured in meters? There are 10.4 million back yard pools and 309,000 public pools in America. A short course pool is 25 yards. A long course pool is 50 meters. Most Americans measure in yards and other countries measure their pools in meters.
BY ISABEL NELSON
The bathing suit has changed over the last 100 years. The first bathing suit was invented in the 18th century. In 1885 the bathing suit was made of long sleeves, bloomers and black stockings. By the 1930's it changed to having exposed arms and it was more colorful. The early design of bathing suits is much different than the bathing suits we wear today.
Bb is for Bathing Suit
Did you know that there is more than just one size competitive pool to swim in? There are short course pools and long course pools. A short course is the smallest competitive pool length and measures 25 yards or 25 meters. For long course pools are 50 meters.The international standard is 50 meters.
The way you dive is different for every stroke. For the butterfly stroke one foot is at the front of the block with toes curled around the edge. Your other foot is right behind, but to the side. Your hips are wide apart and high but not back. Head is placed toward your knees. Push off then enter the water hands first. For backstroke you want to start in the water hands take a hold of block handles. Knees toward chest on the wall push off, leap in the air on your back then fall back into the water. Breaststroke you dive in on your stomach then do a pull out. Freestyle is the same as butterfly. Diving is an important part your stroke.
Goggles have changed over the years. The first goggles were made of polished tortoise shells in the 14th Century. Goggles started to got more popular in 1960. 1972 was the first year that goggles were required for competitive swimming. Goggle protect your eyes from the harsh chlorine. The design has become smaller and easier to wear over the years.
Have you ever wondered how to do a flip turn? Swim until you get to about a body’s length away from the wall. Tuck your chin to your chest. Roll into a ball under water. You should breath from your nose to avoid inhaling the pool water. Open your body half way though the flip turn (in other words when your feet are facing the wall.) Use all of your might and push off of the wall with your legs. When you push off you want to be on your side so that you get a faster kick then roll over on to your stomach. That is how you do a flip turn.
Dd is for Dive
Ee is for Eye Goggles
Cc is for Course
Ff is for Flip Turn
Gg is for Glide
Hand paddles are an efficient way to get faster when you swim. The paddles are water resistant. Some people believe that it strengthen your muscles and bones. The sprint-resisted method is a method that you might use when you are very weak in the arms. When you swim with paddles you need a faster stroke rate and better stroke length. Using paddles in practice helps make you faster in races.
Hh is for Hand Paddle
Have you ever wondered about Josh's road to the Olympics? Before Josh had even envisioned swimming, he could not find any thing that fit his personality traits. As young kids his sister tried swimming and loved it. He wanted to follow in her footsteps, so he tried it and fell in love with it too. Before he found swimming he played wrestling, golf, football, track, basketball and baseball. In the 2012 FINA short course championships, Josh came in 6th in the 50-meter freestyle. In the 2010 FINA world championship he came in 3rd place in the 50-meter freestyle. Amazingly, he won the 50-yard freestyle in the NCAA championships. That is his long windy path to becoming an Olympian.
Jj is for Josh Schneider
Gliding is a main part of the swim stroke, it is the part of the stroke that makes a difference. When you glide you press your chest into the water and let your arms go forward and catch the water that is coming toward you and push it back down to your feet. For freestyle and backstroke you rotate to your side when you are doing your glide, that way you get a longer reach. Gliding allows swimmers to cut through the water stronger then using consistent strokes.
When you kick you use your quadriceps muscles, which are a part of your thigh that allows your lower leg to extend. When you kick you also use other things including your abdominal muscles. Your ab muscles also help supports your lower back and torso. In freestyle and backstroke you have to keep your foot planter flexed during the kick. Without the kick, swim strokes would be very slow.
Kk is for Kick
Jessica Tatiana Long was born in Irkutck, Russia on February 29th 1992. Her parents were very poor so they could not pay for every thing she needed so she was put up for adoption. Her birth name was Tatiana Olegovna Kirllova, but she was given the name Jessica when she was adopted. Her new hometown became Baltimore, Maryland. Jessica was born without legs. As I mentioned before, swimming is very difficult without the kick. Jessica has managed to overcome that disability and has earned many Paralympics medals - 12 gold, 3 silver and 2 bronzes.
Ll is for Jessica Long
When you exercise do you realize that you are only using certain muscles. When you swim you use a combination of many muscles. You use your biceps which are located in the front of your upper arm. Triceps which are in the back of your upper arm. Gluteus Maximus which you all call your butt. Quads which is your upper leg and last but not least your Hamstrings located in the back of your upper leg. Those are all of the major muscles for swimming.
Mm is for Muscles
The day before the meet, you should drink fluids because you need to keep your self hydrated. You also should keep your blood sugar steady by eating small meals every now and then. On the morning of the events, you should not swim on an empty stomach. Snacks between heats, you want to eat as soon as possible and keep even blood sugar.
Nn is for nutrition
There are four steps to become an official for U.S.A Swimming. Sign up to volunteer to be an official. You have to be on deck for at least 9 hours minimum, 5 sessions and 2 meets. Take an online test and you have to have the list of rules memorized. You have to attend a 3-hour clinic. Get an official membership card. It’s not hard become an official!
Oo is for Officials
What is a pull bouy? A pull buoy is a foam flotation device. You hold it in-between your legs. You use it for support while practicing all of the strokes with your upper body. It allows you to focus on your arm technique. It also allows you to built your upper body strength.
Pp is for Pull Bouy
There are championship meets at the end of the main season and they are called "Silvers" and "Gold’s". There are age categories for swimming at these championships. Your category is decided by your exact birthday. A swimmer is only allowed to swim 3 events per day, even if they qualify for more. At the end of the meet the top 3 swimmers overall get a trophy. I got a trophy at the Gold Championships last year.
Qq is for qualify
Rr is for rotating
Have you ever tried swimming with out rotating, it’s hard. When you rotate in swimming, you have to think of your body being one, not many pieces. When you rotate and you do not use your arms, it is called a body roll. You rotate from your shoulders to your torso then to your hips, they all work together to make one. Rotating helps you know when the next stroke should be put in the water. Normally, you will see people not rotating enough very rarely to you see over rotating. Well if you can try it.
Rr is for rotating
There are four competitive swim strokes - freestyle, backstroke, butterfly and breaststroke. The freestyle event can be swum using any stroke, but most people swim the front crawl. The front crawl is a stroke where your arms alternate and your legs are doing a flutter kick. The backstroke is like the front crawl, except you are on your back. The butterfly is the most beautiful stroke. This stroke requires that both outstretched arms come across the water at the same time and the legs are doing a dolphin kick. The breaststroke uses your arms to make a heart under the water and pull up to your breast. The legs are kicking like a frog. That is how you do all of the strokes.
Ss is for strokes
A touch pad is an automatic and electronic pad that is placed on the wall in front of you as a timing method. They were first made by Colorado Timing Systems. They can accurately record the times of each swimmer to get make an official record. They were made to reduce the amount of error by people using stop watches on deck.
Tt is for Touch Pad
USA swimming is the nations top swimming organization. The original plan for the organization was to provide a place were kids could enjoy swimming in competitive ways. It is also a way to keep swimmers connected. It is cool for kids to think of being on a team with all the Olympic and Paralympics swimmers. USA swimming is a great organization.
Uu is for USA Swimming
Dana Vollmers medals tell truly remarkable stories, here are a few. At the 2013 FINA world championship she got the bronze medal in the 100 meter fly and gold in the 400-meter relay. On the 2012 Olympics Dana grabbed gold in the 100-meter fly, gold in the 4x200 meter freestyle relay and in the 4x100 relay also swiped the gold. The 2012 Olympics definitely look like the one of her best meets, but in 2004 she broke the world record in the 800-meter freestyle.
Vv is for Dana Vollmer
Has your pool water ever turned green and you don’t know how to fix? You need to learn pool maintenance. The pH of your pool should be between 7.4 and 7.6. If your pH is higher then that range it is alkaline and lower is acidic. The chlorine is what takes away the algae. Your chlorine level should be 1.0 through 3.0 ppm (parts per millimeter). Alkalinity should be 100- 120 ppm. Fun fact - typically pH and alkalinity work hand in hand. Its not always easy, but you have to keep your pool clean.
Ww is for Water
Yip Pin Xiu is truly amazing. Yip Pin Xiu is a Paralympics swimmer, because she was born with muscular dystrophy. She competed in the s5 category at first, but then her legs could not kick, so she was moved down to s3 (the lower the number gets the harder it is for them) She started swimming competitively when she was 12. After she lost her legs she went from backstroke to freestyle. In 2005 she won 2 gold medals Yip started 2008 by breaking a world record.
Xx is for Yip Pin Xiu
Do you know who Zhuang Yong is? Zhuang Yong is a Chinese swimmer with physical disabilities. Overcoming obstacles, she has two silver medals from the Paralympics. One is for the 50-meter freestyle and one is the 400-meter freestyle in. Zhuang Yong got the gold medal in the 100-meter freestyle. That night she had a huge smile on her face because that was China's first ever, gold medal in swimming.
Yy is for Zhuang Yong
Zones are a Speedo Championship meet at the end of the regular season. There are four zones - Eastern, Western, Southern and Central. A swimmer has to have qualifying times during the regular season to swim at zones. There are two age groups at this meet. You also have to be a USA Swimming Member. It is very difficult to qualify for a zones meet.
Zz is for Zones
I am a competitive swimmer for the Schenectady Saratoga Swim Club. I swim all four competitive strokes - butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle. My favorite event is the I.M, which stands for Individual Medley. The IM is a mix of all four strokes in one race. (The IM is swum in a certain order, that order is butterfly, backstroke, and breaststroke and last but not least freestyle.)
Ii is for Isabel
Have you ever wondered about pool sizes?
Do you know the history of a bathing suit?
Course is the way swimmers speak distance
A dive is the fastest way to enter the water
How to prevent red stinging eyes...
Flipping is the fastest way to turn around
The secret is the rest in between...
Tools to use in practice
I am a competitive race swimmer
Josh is an olympic swimmer
The motor in swimming
A USA paralympic gold medalist
Without them, you can't swim
Nn is for Nutrition
The only way to keep your life in balance
The only way to keep a swim meet running
A tool to improve your upper body strength
Qq is for qualify
Rr is for rotating the way to know when the next stroke should go into the water
Ss is for strokes what your arms do when you swim
Timing is everything
An olympic flyer
What makes your pool a pool
Xx is for Yip Pin Xiu she is a paralympic swimmer with muscular dystrophy
Winner of the first ever gold medal for China
The carrot at the end of the season
The head of it all
history of competitive swimwear
The history of swimwear