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Theory of Knowledge Presentation- The Death Penalty
Transcript of Theory of Knowledge Presentation- The Death Penalty
ability to determine
what is ethical?
to what extent does the death
penalty have a deterrent effect
on violent crime?
CHINA RETHINKS DEATH
class poll: who here supports the death penalty? who is
by Justin Balatucan and
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE: HISTORY
a deterrent effect is
the use of punishment used to prevent people from commiting
crimes and offences.
Ex: People who murder
someone get executed. I don't want to die, so that deters me from murdering someone.
The Deterrent Effect.
Real World Situation:
it's effect on
m e t h o d s
which states has which?
- 32 states still have the death penalty
- 18 states have already abolished it
"Ultimately, the moral question surrounding capital punishment in America has less to do with whether those convicted of violent crime deserve to die than with whether state and federal governments deserve to kill those whom it has imprisoned."
"In judging whether or not a given
penalty is morally acceptable, most courts
have said that the punishment is valid unless
it shocks the conscience and sense of justice of
the people. Assuming knowledge of all the facts presently available regarding capital punish-ment, the average citizen would, in my opinion, find it shocking to his conscience
and sense of justice."
It is evident that there is no deterrent effect on violent crime with the death penalty. However, a shift in ethics may begin a deterrent effect. Based on religious ways of knowing, history and ethics, countries are beginning to change their perspective on whether or not instituting the death penalty is appropriate. This is because emotion and reason hinder our ability to be objective when determining whether or not the death penalty is ethical.
"The crimes of rape, torture,
treason, kidnapping, murder, larceny, and perjury
pivot on a moral code that escapes apodictic [indisputably true] proof by expert testimony or otherwise. But communities would plunge into anarchy if they could
not act on moral assumptions less certain than that
the sun will rise in the east and set in the west."
"Immanuel Kant said it best. He said a society that is not willing to demand a life of somebody who has taken somebody else's life is simply immoral. So the question really... when the system works and when you manage to identify somebody who has done such heinous evil, do we as a society have a right to take his life? I think the answer's plainly yes. And I would go with Kant and I would say it is immoral for us not to."
-The case of Liyan and
-Is China properly mitigating
the death penalty?
Parents of deceased toddler face death
what is the
THE DEATH PENALTY
AROUND THE WORLD
History of the
A n d C R I M E
(IN THE U.S.)
The rise of Mao Zedong
"Is the Death Penalty Immoral?"
ProCon.org. N.p., 30 July 2008. Web. 7 Nov. 2014.
Lethal Injection. Digital image. UNIFI. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.unifreethought.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/lethal-injection.jpg>.
Hanging. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://londonbygaslight.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/noose.jpg?w=365&h=300>.
Execution Chair. Digital image. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/75/Florida_electric-chair.jpg/330px-Florida_electric-chair.jpg>.
Gas Chamber. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://flapsblog.com/wp-content/uploads/san-quesntin-gas-chamber.jpg>.
"Methods of Execution." The Clark County. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.clarkprosecutor.org%2Fhtml%2Fdeath%2Fmethods.htm>.
"Part I: History of the Death Penalty." DPIC. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/part-i-history-death-penalty#america>.
Hvistendahl, Mara. "China Rethinks the Death Penalty." The New York Times. The New York Times,
08 July 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/09/opinion/china-rethinks-the-death-penalty.html?_r=0>.
The Death Penalty in 2013.
Youtube. Youtube, 27 Mar. 2014.
Web. 7 Nov. 2014.
Hvistendahl, Mara. "China Rethinks the Death Penalty." The New York Times. The New York Times, 08 July 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/09/opinion/china-rethinks-the-death-penalty.html?_r=0>.
"Cruelty to Animal Count Included in Death Penalty Case|Dayton, Oh." Dayton Daily News. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.daytondailynews.com/news/news/crime-law/cruelty-to-animals-count-included-in-death-penalty/nfhzn/>.
Robinson, Kevin. "Parents of Deceased Toddler Face Death." Pensacola News Journal. N.p., 21 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pnj.com%2Fstory%2Fnews%2Flocal%2Fpensacola%2F2014%2F10%2F21%2Fparents-burned-child-facing-death%2F17660759%2F>.
"Deterrence: States Without the Death Penalty Have Had Consistently Lower Murder Rates." DPIC. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/deterrence-states-without-death-penalty-have-had-consistently-lower-murder-rates>.
- Against death penalty
- Cain and Abel
Genesis 4:15 - And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
- Against death penalty
- Non-violent way of life
"I think the religious
community has played an
enormous role in having
people question their
consiences about where they
stand on the death penalty."
Quote: E.J. Dionne, Jr (Senior Fellow:
The Brookings Institution) <http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/rel.jpg>
Religions: <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ religion/religions/>
- Against death
- Sanctity of life
"An eye for an eye ends up making the whole world blind."
- Opposes killing and violence
A 2004 Poll showed that 66% of
Catholics were in favor of the
death penalty with 30% not
in favor & 4% with no opinion
Religion can play a key factor in
what we believe is ethical. In
this case, our faith and
beliefs determine if the death
penalty is right or wrong.
why do we kill people who kill people to show killing people is wrong?
Both reason and emotion
play an important role in
determing what is ethical.
Reason gives us logical
arguments while emotion
show our feelings towards
- For the death
- Preserve social
values & protect
We all go through
that can make us
feel different at
who are we
to decide who
- Anthony Stargell, 22, shot a business man and his dog
- Family members say he and the dog were inseperable
Do ethics shift when the mistreat-
ment of animals is involved?
- Two parents failed to seek
treatment for their severely
- Charged with first-degree felony murder and are facing the death penalty for their 2-year-old son
To what extent does emotion influence ourself in what is ethical?