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Using and Evaluating Instructional Materials
Transcript of Using and Evaluating Instructional Materials
Instructional Materials "You should have a good idea of your destination, both in the
over-all purposes of education and in the everyday work of your teaching.
If you do not know where you are going, you cannot properly choose a way to get there." Field Trips by Charlie Brown & Impy Analyze From the conversation, Linus said: "It was real field, and we saw it...we saw that field. What senses were at work in the field trip?
Did the field trip accomplish something specific for Linus? Why do you say so? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_trips A field trip or excursion is a journey by a group of people to a place away from their normal environment.
The purpose of the trip is usually observation for education, non-experimental research or to provide students with experiences outside their everyday activities, such as going camping with teachers and their classmates. The aim of this research is to observe the subject in its natural state and possibly collect samples. In western culture people first come across this method during school years when classes are taken on school trips to visit a geological or geographical feature of the landscape, for example. Much of the early research into the natural sciences was of this form. Charles Darwin is an important example of someone who has contributed to science through the use of field trips. instructional materials to attain instructional objectives Selection Guidelines for effective use of
ISTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS Do the materials give a true picture of the ideas they present? ... ask when the material was produced Do the materials contribute meaningful content to the topic under study? ... achieve instructional objectives Is the material appropriate for the age, intelligence, and experience of the learners? Is the physical condition of the material satisfactory? ex. Mount photographs properly ... increase chances that are instructional materials will be used to the maximum and optimum Is there a teacher's guide to provide a briefing for effective use? Can materials in question help to make students better thinkers and develop their critical faculties? ... with exposure to mass media, it is highly important that we maintain and strengthen our rational powers ... ex. field trip -- virtual or not?
Is the material worth the time, expense and effort involved? Proper Use PPPF Prepare your student Prepare yourself Present the material Follow up Hayden Smith & Thomas Nagel (1972) Know your lesson objective and what you expect from the class after the session an why you have selected such particular instructional material. You have a plan on how you will proceed, what questions to ask, how you will evaluate learning and how you will tie loose ends before the bell rings. Set class expectations and learning goals. It is sound practice to give them guide questions for them to be able to answer during the discussion. Motivate them and keep them interested and engaged. ...under the best possible conditions. Avoid ROG syndrome (running out of gas) which usually results from poor planning, especially media that is mechanical in nature, often requires rehearsal and carefully planned performance. Remember that you use instructional material to achieve an objective, not to kill time nor to give yourself a break, neither to merely entertain the class. You use the instructional for the attainment of a lesson objective. Your use of the instructional material is not an end in itself, it is a means to an end, the attainment of the learning objective. Any instructional material can be the best provided it helps the teacher accomplish her intended learning objective.
No instructional material, no matter how superior, can take the place of an effective teacher.
Instructional materials may be perceived to be labor-saving devices for the teacher. On the contrary, the teacher even works harder when she/he makes good use of instructional materials. What guidelines should be considered in the selection and use of instructional materials?