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Transcript of RESUSCITATION CHART
washing away from the wound.
Clean the wound with water or sterile saline.
Cover with a sterile non-stick dressing, securing it with a firm bandage.
Abrasions that contain ground-in dirt, foreign material may leave serious, unattractive scars unless promptly treated by thorough cleaning and scrubbing in hospital.
CUTS AND ABRASIONS
BLEEDING FROM THE NOSE
Apply pressure over the soft part of the nostrils.
Have the patient sit up and lean forward to avoid blood flowing down the throat.
have the patient rest and remain seated for at least 10 minutes.
If bleeding continues for more than 20 minutes, seek medical assistance.
MANAGEMENT OF ALL BLEEDING
In all cases of bleeding, remember to perform the following until an ambulance arrives:
Direct pressure to stop bleeding
Reassure the patient
Assist the patient into a position of comfort
Monitor breathing and response at frequent intervals
Administer oxygen if available DO NOT GIVE THE PATIENT ANYTHING TO EAT OR DRINK
After managing any life-threatening problems, place the patient in a stable position and call medical aid as soon as possible. Check for medi-allert bracelets\necklace. Look for any bleeding and other injuries. Note any tenderness, swelling, wounds or deformity.
Due to the risks of hepatitis
and HIV infection, all needle-stick injuries must be regarded as potentially serious. At the early stage, hepatitis B can be prevented by injections, and the sooner they are given the better.
Reports of needles being found on and near beaches are becoming increasingly common.
Wash the area in soapy water.
Report the incident to the patrol captain and in the Incident Log Book.
Advise the patient to go to their doctor.
Dispose of needles in the sharps container.
Used containers should be disposed of through a collection service.
The secondary assessment is performed once the patient is stabilised. The secondary assessment is used to determine further problems and decide upon appropriate management for the patient. The rescuer should use the senses as the patient is being examinated.
1) Rest and reassure the patient and place him on his back with his legs slightly raised up
2) Apply pressure on the injury to stop the bleeding
3) send others for help (call 118)
4) If the injury continues bleeding don't take off the dress that the patient is wearing and continue applying pressure with your hands.
5) Administer oxygen therapy ,if necessary
6) A tetanus injection may be required
7. Clean around the injury with water or saline .
THE RESCUER LOOKS FOR :
Skin color and condition
Deformity and Listens for patient's responses or sounds
Feels for deformity, textures, swelling and temperature
Smells the patient's breath and other odours.
PROCEDURE FOR BODY CHECK
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To complete a basic body check examine the following areas to check for any additional problems that need your urgent treatment:
Neck, up over head and down across face
Shoulders and front of the chest, abdomen and pelvis, ribs
Front and back of upper limbs
Front and back of lower limbs
You MUST avoid direct contact with the patient's blood
You always need to wear protection gloves
If you can, use sterile dressing
Clean bandages should always be used
remember bleeding from an artery is brisk
a tourniquet should be used high above the bleeding point and not over the injury.
a tourniquet shouldn't be removed until the patient receives specialist care
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!