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AP World Timeline: 600 BCE-600 CE

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Morgan Rhyne

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of AP World Timeline: 600 BCE-600 CE

0
600 CE
600 BCE
400 CE
Timeline of Turning Points: 600 BCE- 600 CE
551-479 BCE: Life of Confucius
What:
-Confucius was a man who loved to learn. Throughout his life, he developed concepts about society, education, and government that continued to be followed in China for many years to come
Before:
-Confucius mastered the six arts, which allowed him to start a teaching career. He wanted to put his concepts to practice in a political career, but was alienated by his superiors and decided to move away. He gained an expanding circle of students, and his reputation spread.
After:
-Confucianism became widely popular in Chinese culture and society after the 2nd century BC, with the Five Classics becoming the core of education. It would die out then revive as Neo-Confucianism, which also influenced Korea and Japan. Confucianism had a major influence in China until the formation of the Chinese Republic in 1912.
500-479 BCE: Greco-Persian Wars
What:
-The collision of the small and divided Greek cities and Persia--the world's largest empire at the time. Ultimately the Greek won against all odds, which brought a huge sense of pride and belonging to Greece.
Before:
-Athens agreed to aid the city-states of the Asia Minor. This upset the Persians, who were their rivals. Persian leader Darius the Great began attacks on the Greek mainland.
After:
-After several losses, Persia was defeated. This showcased Greece's momentary unity. However, this gave way for Athens and Sparta to battle, in which Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian war.

300 CE: Beginning of Trans-Saharan Trade
What it was
: The trans-Saharan trade route was a major route in northern Africa that cut through the Sahara Desert
Why it was important
: The establishment of a land-based trading route that was able to cut through the Sahara meant that trade was no longer dependent on fair weather in the Indian Ocean for Sub-Saharan Africa's goods to be dispersed throughout the world year-round. It was also quite important in the aspect of the first appearance of the
camel for the transportation of goods. Some
of the most important goods traded included
gold, salts, and slaves.

321-185 BCE: Mauryan Dynasty
What:
-India's first great empire. Notable for ruler Asoka, who promoted peace among the kingdom.
Before:
-After the death of Alexander the Great, Chandragupta Maurya was able to defeat the greek generals and consolidate the region under his rule.
After:
-The Mauryan empire was able to grow up to par with the Persian empire. It stimulated the economic development of India. Buddhism spread, as well as Aryan culture.
0-33 CE: Life of Jesus
What it was
: Jesus of Nazareth was a Jewish Rabbi that was not shy in his preachings
Why it was important
: While his life's events are often debated and are far from cemented, Jesus of Nazareth influenced modern culture to an incredible degree. His teachings inspired the religion of Christianity and its ideals. The BCE/CE system for history/time is centered around his birth. His ideals have both helped unify people (see Western Roman Empire) and divide people (see Roman Catholics vs Protestants) in ways that have changed the course of history.
330 CE: Split of Roman Empire
What it was
: The mighty Roman Empire became fractured after the Crisis of the Third Century and poor political planning
Why it was important
: The split of the Roman Empire led to the creation of what would eventually be known as the Byzantine Empire, which was long lasting and a major part of history. This split also showed that the Roman Empire was not as strong and together as previously thought,
which made the concept of independence from the
global power seem realistic. Soon after, many of the
people under the banner of the Western Roman
Empire would fight for independence, and nomadic
groups would seep into the empire's borders and
ransack Rome.
476 CE: Collapse of Western Roman Empire
What it was
: The enclosing borders of the Western Roman Empire and the pressure applied by nomadic groups and inner turmoil brought an end to an era.
Why it was important
: After the collapse of this major force, there were significant relapses in historical advancement. The collapse of Rome led to the dark ages, in which much of Europe regressed to Feudalism. This put Europe back about 1000 years of where they should have been technologically and economically. The collapse meant that there was no authoritative power in Europe, either, which led to lots of fighting over conflicts that would have previously been quickly and efficiently settled by the Roman Empire. There was also massive conflicts over the land previously occupied by the Western Roman Empire.
400 BCE
200 BCE
200 CE
208 BCE-220 CE: Han Dynasty
What:
-China was able to reunify after the Qin. Considered the beginning of China's "golden-age". Many technological advances were made, such as papermaking.
Before:
-After the death of Qin Shi Huang, the Qin dynasty fell and China became fragmented. Liu Bang was able to form the Han dynasty.
After:
-Science, technology, arts and crafts flourished afterward. Also led to the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties. Confucian ideals continued to be practiced.
589-618 CE: Sui Dynasty Reunites China
336-323 BCE: Reign of Alexander the Great
What:
-One of the "greatest" leaders of all times. Undefeated, spread a lot of culture, and grew a large empire to encompass parts of the Mediterranean, India, and Egypt.
Before:
-His father, Philip of Macedon made him the ambassador of Macedonia. He played sports and exercised regularly to become stronger. At 20, his father passed--putting him in charge of the kingdom.
After:
-Alexander continued to expand this kingdom. He defeated Darius III, king of Persia. He was made king of Asia. He had plans to combine Asia and Europe, making babylon the capital. Sadly, he died.
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What it was
: The Sui Dynasty in China unified the area for the first time in 370 years
Why it was important
: While the dynasty was relatively short-lived, it laid the foundation upon which China would reach its second golden age and become a global powerhouse once again, a feat only possible with a unified nation. The Sui Dynasty also assisted in the spread of Buddhism throughout its boundaries, which would later become China's staple religion.
By Morgan Rhyne and Kevin Wild
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