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Major battles/Campaigns of the Pacific Theater
Transcript of Major battles/Campaigns of the Pacific Theater
Japanese won one of their biggest victories of WWII
-Japanese captured 76,000 prisoners
Prisoners led by the Japanese on a brutal march
Led to prisoner-of-war camps
-Lasted 5 days Island Hopping Strategy -After the Battle of Midway, this strategy was launched.
-Their plan was to capture key islands in Japan, one by one, until they were within range of bombing
- Americans were able to cut off routes for military between Japan and bases, and protected airstrips from bombing attacks.
-Led by General Douglas MacArthur and Chester W. Nimitz Battle of Coral Sea Battle of Okinawa -Located in the Solomon Islands which was where American's wanted to gain control
-Japanese had an airfield in Guadalcanal which made it a tempting target
-Miserable place to fight due to the many disease carrying insects and extremely hot temperatures
-U.S. came ashore in August, 1942 and fought a 6 month long battle
-Took place on land, sea, and air
-Finally, in February 1943, the Japanese fled the island May 4th 1942 -Japanese prepared to invade a British controlled port on New Guinea Island, Port Moresby.
-Chester Nimitz who was Commander and Chief of the Pacific Fleet sent two aircraft carriers to attack.
- Neither side ended up with good outcomes, they both suffered consequences.
- In fact, it was the first time that the Japanese had come to a stop.
- Although the Japanese won, they did not fulfill their own expectations
- The first aircraft carrier battle ever fought.
- The U.S losses: One carrier destroyed, one damaged, one destroyer sunk, 66 aircraft lost, and 543 men killed or wounded.
- Japanese losses: One small carrier destroyed, one carrier severely damaged, one destroyer and three small naval ships sunk, 77 carrier aircraft lost, and 1074 men killed or wounded. The Battle of Guadalcanal was significant because from then on the Japanese were on the run, and America was finally attacking them and no longer defending themselves. It was a key moment in the war. What was the significance
of the Battle of Guadalcanal? Was the Island Hopping Strategy successful?
Why or why not? The Island Hopping Strategy was a success
because it eventually led to the Japanese surrendering to the U.S. and fleeing the islands. -Americans wanted to invade Iwo Jima so that they could get a better base to launch raids.
-Set out on February,1945
-Early in the Battle, marines managed to capture the tallest point on the island, Mount Suribachi
-The Japanese troops refused to surrender
-Fighting continued for several more weeks
-American soldiers greatly outnumbered Japanese
-7,000 American soldiers in total died
-19,000 Japanese soldiers died ANSWER: -350 miles from Japan
-Bloodiest task that American's would face in the
-Allied troops invaded on April 1st, 1945
-Japanese retreated to plan their response
-Five days later, they attacked and skillfully hid within the caves and tunnels
- +12,000 Americans died, thousands injured
-Japanese lost 110,000 troops
-June 1945, Americans finally gained control of the island Battle of Midway Battle of Guadalcanal Battle of Coral Sea Battle of Midway Bataan Death March - Allies did not want Japan to have any more possession of the Pacific and they wanted control of Midway Island
- A battle fought completely by aircraft
- American officers ended up breaking a Japanese code through the radio traffic and found out about their plans to attack.
- Nimitz had a successful plan that stopped the Japanese aircraft from landing on Midway.
- Japan lost four of their largest carriers
- This then led to an American victory Battle of Iwo Jima Battle of Okinawa Timeline: Bataan Death March: April, 1942 Battle of Coral Sea: May, 1942 Battle of Midway: June, 1942 Battle of Guadalcanal: August, 1942 Battle of Iwojima: February, 1945 Battle of Okinawa: April, 1945 June 4th 1942 TIMELINE ACTIVITY: Why is this such a turning point for the Japanese and what was so significant about this battle for the them? ANSWER: Although the Japanese won the battle, they still did not accomplish their mission of invading the port and it was the first time the Japanese had experienced failure. The USS Lexington Feb.-March 1945 The End Who were the code talkers? What did they do? Code Talkers