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Space Explorers

Success Criteria: Which famous scientists were involved in exploration and improving scientific understanding of space? Who are/were they and what contributions did they make to human understanding of space?
by

Andrew Dobbie

on 17 January 2016

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Transcript of Space Explorers

(Which famous scientists were involved in exploration and improving scientific understanding of space? Who are/were they and what contributions did they make to human understanding of space?)
Why should you organize your information?

How will you organize your information?

Once the framework is in place and you've
agreed (as a class) about why and how w.r.t organization, then you are ready to begin to
research.

Don't forget to....

Organize (follow the format you agreed to)....
Justify (Reference where you found your information)...

Double-check (Find information related to the topic from a variety of sources and check the data accuracy before posting any comments)
Canadian Space History & Contributions
- On September 28th, 1962 Canada became third country to design and build own satellite.
- 1972, became first to have own communication satellite
- Canada is also contributing to the development of the International Space Station with Mobile Servicing System, which is helping astronauts build and service the ISS.
- The first part of this system, Canada Arm 2, was installed on the ISS in April 2001. The Mobile Base System was added the following year, and Dextre, or the Canada Hand, began operations on the station in 2008.
- NASA hired 32 engineers from Canada and the United Kingdom when the Canadian government canceled the CF-105 Avro Arrow program in 1959. These engineers were involved in the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo, project.
~Fizza :(
-National Research Council Canada's engineer George Klein invented Storable Tubular Extandable Member also known as STEM for short)
-has been used on most early and current manned and unmanned space missions
-National Research Council Canada's Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory is designing/building highly speacilized supercomputer
-the supercomputer is being built to upgrade and improve worlds largest radio telescope located in the USA
-
Success Criteria:
Can you describe the contributions of Canadians (e.g., astronauts Marc Garneau and Roberta Bondar; astronomers Richard Bond, David Levy, and Helen Hogg; Spar Aerospace Limited’s development of the Canadarm; the University of British Columbia’s development of the “Humble”space telescope) to the exploration and scientific understanding of space?
Space Expectations:
Raees and Arshdeep RESEARCH ON SPACE

Need to dress appropriately.

You will need parka and long underwear.

The lack of air would make your body fluids bubble up.

You'll need a spacesuit and a extravehicular Mobility unit EMU.

The body suit Is made from many layers of high-tech materials this will protect you from the heat.

Innermost of an EMU is the pressure of bladder.

The pressure of the bladder's like a balloon layer inside the space suit.

A challenge for designers is how to make a spacesuit.

However your not on a space walk just for the fun of it

Don't fool around you have important tasks to complete

Bending your arms and your legs is difficult in a spacesuit and the pressure bladder makes it more difficult

14 layers of a spacesuit will help you keep warm when your out of the sun.

Worn on the chest, this box controls the PLSS
References
Space Info
Discoveries
Fritz Zwicky discoverd the
super nova
For more than 90 years, NRC scientists have been improving the lives of Canadians and our economy through exciting discoveries and innovative research. From biotechnology to aerospace research, astronomy to nanotechnology, NRC research plays a key role.
marie curi dicoverd the biggest black hole
Uranus-
discovered in 1781 by William Herschel
Neptune-
discovered in 1846 by John Couch
Pluto-
discovered in 1930 by Clyde tombaught
(no longer a planet since 2006)
Canada's space history
Canadian Contributions
Which Canadian connected the canadarm2 to the ISS?
Scientists
Canadian People
Inventors
Astronauts
This is a Canadian Space timeline editied (as in unnecesary information not there because it's not needed):
September 28, 1962 - Alouette 1, Canada's first satellite, was launched atop an American Thor-Agena rocket. With this launch, Canada became the third nation to build its own satellite.
November 29, 1965 - Alouette 2 launched.
January 30, 1969 - Launch of ISIS 1, which continued the ionospheric research of the two Alouettes.
November 9, 1972 - Anik A1, Canada's first communications satellite, and the world's first domestic communications satellite in geosynchronous orbit, was launched from Cape Canaveral.
April 20, 1973 - Anik A2 launched.
May 7, 1975 - Anik A3 launched.
November 12, 1982 - During the first commercial flight of the shuttle, Anik C3 was deployed from the payload bay of Columbia.
June 8, 1983 - The Canadian Astronaut Program was announced in Ottawa by NASA and the National Research Council of Canada.
December 5, 1983 - The names of the first Canadian astronauts were announced: Marc Garneau, Ken Money, Roberta Bondar, Steve MacLean, Bob Thirsk, and Bjarni Tryggvason.
October 5, 1984 - Marc Garneau became the first Canadian to fly in space when Challenger lifted off for the eight-day flight of STS-41G.
January 22, 1992 - Roberta Bondar became the first Canadian woman to fly in space on STS-42 aboard the shuttle Discovery, which carried a series of life sciences and materials processing experiments for an eight-day flight.
October 6, 1992 - The Swedish satellite Freja was launched from Jiuquan in China. Onboard were two Canadian instruments, the Cold Plasma Analyzer, a precursor of the Thermal Plasma Analyzer that flew on the Nozomi probe to Mars, and the UV Imager.
April 23, 1996 – The Priroda module was the final module to be added to Mir, and it contained a Canadian experiment facility, the Microgravity Isolation Mount (MIM). This facility allowed experiments to be carried out in the microgravity of space without being affected by movements of astronauts or equipment on Mir. MIM is one of many Canadian experiments that have flown on the shuttle, Mir, and the International Space Station (ISS).
May 27, 1999 - Julie Payette flew aboard Discovery on STS-96 and became the first Canadian to visit the ISS during the nearly 10 days she spent in space. December 18, 1999 - The MOPITT (Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere) instrument from Canada was launched onboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. MOPITT studied carbon monoxide and methane in the atmosphere.
August 4, 2007 - NASA's Mars Phoenix spacecraft was launched toward Mars carrying a Canadian-built weather station to explore the climate of the Red Planet. Mars Phoenix landed successfully near the Martian north pole on May 25, 2008.
August 8, 2007 - Dave Williams joined the crew of STS-118 on a flight to the ISS aboard the shuttle Endeavour. During the 13-day mission, Williams took part in three space walks, a Canadian record.
April 28, 2008 - Canada's second nanosatellite, CanX-2, was successfully launched with other satellites atop a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in India. The CanX satellites are built by researchers at the Space Flight Laboratory at the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies (UTIAS).
Canada is also contributing to the development of the International Space Station. The first part of this system, Canadarm2, was installed on the ISS in April 2001. The Mobile Base System was added the following year.
By: Brandon
Pics of canadian tech created and designed for space programs - Uploaded by Jaskaran
Canadian Astronaut Program began in 1983, and on October 5, 1984, Marc Garneau became Canada's first astronaut
http://www.cascaeducation.ca/files/cdn_spacetech.html <-- canadian Contributions


-Chris Hadfield was the firt canadian to walk
in space.He entered space on the Atlantis in
November 1995.
he worked on the candarm 2
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-Roberta Bondar is Canada`s first female
astronaut and neurologist in space.

-Marc Garneau was the first Canadian in
space.
-Robert Thirsk holds the canadian records for the most time spent in space(204 days 18hours).
-Bjarni Tryggvason was born in Iceland,but
his family relocated to Canada where he
became engineer and astronaut.
-Julie Payette is an engineer as well as an
astronaut.On her flight aboard the Discovery
in May 1999,she was the first Canadian to
visit the international space station.
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General People
Scientists
Inventors
Astronauts
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Jaskaran, Sneha, Fizza, Arshdeep
April 12, 1981 - The first flight of the U.S. space shuttle lifted off from Cape Canaveral.
here is a universe

In Canada that day, the CF-105 Avro Arrow was rolled out for the first time.

December 31, 1958 - Canada's proposal to build an ionospheric research satellite was submitted to the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

The proposal, which was approved by NASA the following March, led to a research program into the ionosphere, a layer of charged particles high in Earth's atmosphere.

The satellite that came out of this proposal was called Alouette.

April 1959 - NASA hired 25 engineers from Avro Canada who lost their jobs when the Avro Arrow was cancelled.

April 12, 1961 - Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space when he flew aboard the Soviet spacecraft Vostok 1.

September 1961 - Dr. Gerald Bull of McGill University in Montreal began the High Altitude Research Program, or HARP.

Using a giant cannon based in the Barbados, Bull and his group planned to launch projectiles into space and eventually into orbit.

September 28, 1962 - Alouette 1, Canada's first satellite, was launched atop an American Thor-Agena rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

With this launch, Canada became the third nation to build its own satellite.

Canada's Alouette and ISIS satellites were designed to probe the ionosphere.

September 1, 1969 - The Canadian government created Telesat Canada, a corporation with mixed private and government ownership to operate Canadian domestic communications satellites.

Telesat, which launched Canada's Anik, Nimiq and MSAT communications satellites, was privatized in 1993.

November 9, 1972 - Anik A1, Canada's first communications satellite, and the world's first domestic communications satellite in geosynchronous orbit, was launched from Cape Canaveral.
Henery Buijs
Interesting Facts
Summary

Canada has a rich history as a spacefaring nation.

On September 28,1962, Canada became the third country to design and build its own satellite when Alouette 1 was placed in orbit.
geosynchronous communications satellite with Anik 1.

In 1981, the second flight of the U.S. space shuttle tested out the Canadarm or Remote Manipulator System.

The Canadian Astronaut Program began in 1983, and on October 5, 1984, Marc Garneau became Canada's first astronaut when he flew aboard Challenger on the STS-41G mission.


Ten years later, Canada became the first country to have its own
He was followed into space by Canadian astronauts Roberta Bondar, Steve MacLean, Chris Hadfield, Robert Thirsk, Bjarni Tryggvason, Dave Williams and Julie Payette.

Canada is also contributing to the development of the International Space Station with the Mobile Servicing System, which is helping astronauts build and service the ISS.

The first part of this system, Canadarm2, was installed on the ISS in April 2001.

The Mobile Base System was added the following year, and Dextre, or the Canada Hand, began operations on the station in 2008.

Canada's history in space is much bigger than the astronauts and the Canadarm.

Canada continues to launch communications satellites and other satellites like RADARSAT.

In the 1960s, Dr. Gerald Bull spearheaded an effort to launch a satellite with a cannon.

Canadian engineers played a crucial role in the early U.S. human space program.

NASA hired 32 engineers from Canada and the United Kingdom when the Canadian government cancelled the CF-105 Avro Arrow program in 1959.

Chris' book, Canada in Space: The People & Stories Behind Canada's Role in the Exploration of Space, covers the history of Canada's space program and information on Canada's other contributions to the exploration of space.

By:Meharlal
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Brian Sullivan

Was interested in flying. When he was nineteen he enlisted in the Navy. He flew 78 combat missions and could have died twice. Later he received a masters aerospace in engineering and became a test pilot for NASA. He was a command pilot for Gemini 8 in 1966. Neil Armstrong was chosen with two other astronauts to fly Apollo 11 to the moon. Neil Armstrong had the privilege to be the first human to set foot on another world.
22
Neil Armstrong
Sir Edward Sabine
Established the first magnetic observatory in 1839.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas. It was isolated in 1921-22 at the University of Toronto. The scientists involved in the research were Dr. Fredrick Banting, Charles Best (a medical student at the time of the discovery), Professor J. J. R. Macleod and Dr. James Collip. On June 3, 1934, Dr Frederick Banting the co-inventor of insulin was knighted for his medical discovery.
Frederick Banting
Fredrick Banting
Discovered insulin was a cure for diabities
stephan hawk is the smartest scientest


Canada's history of participating in space exploration can be traced back to 1839 with the establishment of the first magnetic observatory, to study the northern lights. Today, Canada enjoys its role as a leader in space robotics and satellite communications.

For instance, did you know that Voyager 2 - one of the first space probes to leave the solar system - uses Canadian-designed equipment?
~ Fizza :(
National Research Council Canada's engineer George Klein invented the Storable Tubular Extendable Member (or STEM, for short). It has been used on most of the early and current manned and unmanned space missions.

National Research Council Canada's Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory is designing and building a highly specialized supercomputer to upgrade and improve the world's largest radio telescope that is located in the USA.

National Research Council Canada's scientists invented and developed the Canadarm and the Space Vision System that is has been used on NASA space shuttle missions and the International Space Station
~ Sneha :(
niel armstrong was the first human on the moon
Canadarm 2
Voyager 2
Galileo Galilei
He discovered four of Jupiter's moons
Was a Italian physicist and astronomer
won award in 2011 at Killam Research Fellowships
Charles Thomas blot-
He had identifyed cygnus x-1 as the
first black whole.
John Glenn
In 1943, Glenn was commissioned in the Marine Corps. Between world War ll and the Korean War, he flew 149 missions and earned 6 flying crosses with an air medal with eighteen clusters. Then, he became a test pilot for the Navy and Marines attack aircraft. The US space program chose him to be one of the first seven astronauts in 1959. In 1962 he became the first American to orbit the Earth. He was given the space congressional medal of honor.
James Lovell
Once James Lovell graduated from the US naval academy with BS degree he went in the US Naval test pilot school in 1958. In 1062 he was selected by NASA out of 9 other people to become an astronaut. He was command pilot of Apollo 8 and made the first orbit around the moon. He also commanded Apollo 13 and made a mission because of an explosion at had to be aborted onboard. James resigned from NASA and the navy in 1973. He is now president of Lovell communications.
Kathryn Thornton earned a master of physics in 1977. After completing her training in 1985 and spent 593 hours in space, including 21 hours of space walks. On a five day mission as a specialist, she orbited around the world seventy nine times. She helped service and repair the Hubble in 1993. On her fourth flight she served as a payload commander on Columbia. Now she is a professor at a university.
Buzz Aldrine
Buzz Aldrine flew 66 combat missions on Korea. After returning to the United States he received a doctorate in astronautics from Massachusetts institute of technology. He devised techniques for manned space that were used in NASA missions. He was chosen by NASA to be an astronaut in the late 1963. He went up into space along with Neil Armstrong and became the second man to walk on another world. The presidential Medal of Freedom was bestowed upon both Armstrong and himself. Now Aldrine obtains a space station design that he created.
Canada’s Contributions to the International Space stations

-The mobile operating system was from Canada
-Canada arm was created in Canada and shipped to the United States and attached it to the Space station
-Canadian Space agency made the Space vision
Niel armstrong
David Saint-Jacques
Personal Data: Born on January 6, 1970, in Quebec City, Canada, and raised in Saint-Lambert near Montreal, Canada. He is married and has one child. He is a lifelong mountaineer, cyclist, skier and passionate sailor. He also holds a commercial pilot license. Saint-Jacques is fluent in English and French and has basic knowledge of Russian, Spanish and Japanese.

Education: Saint-Jacques earned a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Engineering Physics from École polytechnique de Montréal, Canada (1993). He earned a Ph.D. in Astrophysics from Cambridge University, UK (1998), where his studies included theoretical work on astronomical observation and design, fabrication and commissioning of instruments for the Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope and for the William Herschel Telescope in the Canary Islands. He earned his M.D. from Université Laval in Quebec City, Canada (2005), and completed his family medicine residency at McGill University in Montreal, Canada (2007), where his training focused on first-line, isolated medical practice.
NASA Experience: Saint-Jacques was selected in May 2009 by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and has moved to Houston to be one of 14 members of the 20th NASA astronaut class. In 2011, he graduated from Astronaut Candidate Training that included scientific and technical briefings, intensive instruction in International Space Station systems, Extravehicular Activity (EVA), robotics, physiological training, T-38 flight training, Russian language and water and wilderness survival training. Since graduation, he has been assigned to the Robotics Branch of the Astronaut Office. In October 2011, he participated in the underwater mission, NEEMO 15 (NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations).
Henery Buijs had made device capable of monitering the ozone layer and green house-gases
Frederick Banting discovered
Insulin, a type of diabetes diasese.
Also, he helped develop
the first G-suit!
By: Meharlal
Canada’s Contributions to the International Space stations

-The mobile operating system was from Canada
-Canada arm was created in Canada and shipped to the United States and attached it to the Space station
-Canadian Space agency made the Space vision

Jaskaran : (
stephan hawking
Stephan hawking is a Theoretical physicist and believed to be one of the smartest humans on Earth.
Henry Buijs accsepting the John H.
Chapman award of exalance
Edward Sabine was an Irish geophysicist, astronomer, and explorer, who made extensive pendulum measurements to determine the shape of the earth, and established magnetic observatories to relate sunspot activity with disturbances in terrestrial magnetism.
Stephan Hawking
The basics
The BASICS
Sun
Earth
Venus
Mercury
Uranus
The Sun is the source of almost all energy on Earth.
If the Sun disappeared, then would all life on Earth disappear too?
Yes, life on earth would disappear. The sun provides heat which is essential for life.

Mercury is the closest planet to our Sun . It has no atmosphere. During the day, it's temperature can reach 400 degrees Celsius and -180 degrees Celsius in the nighttime. 88 Earth days = 1 year on Mercury. Why do some people say that Mercury is the hottest and the coldest planet in the solar system?

Sanjana And Afreen
On the surface of Venus, the temperature is always above 450 degrees Celsius because of the atmosphere, which is mostly made out of carbon dioxide which traps the Sun's heat.
- Afreen and Sanjana


If Venus is only the second closest planet to the Sun, then why is it so hot?
Earth is the third closest
planet to the Sun made up of 71% water .
29% of the Earth is made up of land .
Is Earth the only planet in the Solar System that could sustain life?
Mars is the fourth closest planet to the Sun . Mars has the tallest mountain in the Solar System . Mars is also known as the "red planet". On Mars, it looks like there is a pool of water (named Oases), where traces of water still exist. What inventions might humans need to be able to survive the conditions on Mars?
Water/Ice on Mars?
On Mars, it looks like there is a pool of water (named Oases), where traces of water still exist.
Mars has a lot of ice sections as big as oceans. Ice is made of concentrated at poles. But on the maps of mars the ice has gone missing. miles of water . By compounding their estimates planet-wide, the researchers estimated that the latitude-dependent mantle is 46–95 percent water. . This is very little for this planet.

By: Arani, Afreen , Sanjana And Likitha

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun .
How would the Solar System's gravitational fields change if Jupiter disappeared?
Saturn is the sixth closest planet to the Sun. Saturn is famous for it's magnificent rings.
Uranus is the seventh closest planet to the Sun . Uranus is a gas giant .
Neptune is the eighth closest planet to the Sun . It is also a gas giant .
Pluto is now a dwarf planet
. He was the first one to defend his theory that earth orbits the Sun
THE FIRST ROCKET


R-7 ICBM rocket
launched by Germany in 1942
DID you know we could not reach Gliese 581 in a hundred years even with the fastest rocket . But it is possible .
Chris hadfiled
August 29, 1959
He was born on August 29, 1959.
He is 55 years old now. (last updated: June 10th, 2015.)
Kathryn thoronton
She was born on August 17, 1952
She is now 62 years old.
He was born on January 8, 1942
He is now 73 years old.
please explore different
parts of the Prezi looking
for edits that are needed.
Did you know that birds can't go in to space because they need air to swallow
,

Canada's history of participating in space exploration can be traced back to 1839 with the establishment of the first magnetic observatory, to study the northern lights. Today, Canada enjoys its role as a leader in space robotics and satellite communications.

For instance, did you know that the very first Canadarm was launched onboard the space shuttle Columbia in 1981? Because of the success of the Canadarm on American missions, Canadians were invited to fly in space.
Canadian Contribution to
Space Technology and Exploration
He was born
and raised in Alliston,
Ontario
Our Universe
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Neptune
Atmosphere
Did you know, that without a thin layer of Nitrogen, and oxygen there would not be life as we know it on Earth.This thin layer is the atmosphere.It protects us from electromagnetic radiation coming from the sun and without it every now and then there would be small space objects like meteroids would be crashing down.Something essential for life, Oxygen would not be here because the atmosphere holds the oxygen.
EXO-PLANETS
An exo-planet is a planet that isn't part of our solar system. Lots of exo-planets are without a host star and wander around in space. Some exo-planets are theorized to have the ability to sustain intelligent life. However, to sustain life the planet must meet some requirements. A great example of this is Kepler 22b.
Arkin, Hadi, Armaan, Jaskaran, Samir, Ryan, Mohammed.
This is an artists representation of Kepler 22b
Hadi
Requirements to sustain life
First of all, the planet must have water. The planet must also have a breathable atmosphere. The planet must also have a strong electromagnetic field to prevent radiation from space. Next, it must have an atmosphere. The atmosphere must not trap greenhouse gases like Venus but not have a weak atmosphere like mars which prevents water from staying in a liquid form. How did life start?
Arkin, Hadi, Jaskaran, Armaan, Ryan, Samir, and Mohammed.
In this image it shows life in the mariana trench which is 2,550 km deep in the ocean and has no sun light so some life can live without light
The mystery of black holes
What is a black hole? A black hole is a very dense object. Technically , any object can become a black hole (when compressed enough.)E.g if you were to compress earth to the size of a peanut, you would get a black hole. This is happened when an object reaches is Schwarzschild Radius. This is a point when an object is compressed to such a small space that it density becomes infinite. This causes immense gravitational pull, causing the object to collapse in on itself. How is a black hole made? A star is a giant nuclear Once the star runs out of fuel, the star collapses in on itself. Now for bigger objects, the Schwarzschld radius is much larger, meaning the star is phisically capable of becoming a black hole. Now once the star reaches its Schwarzschild radius, it transforms into a black hole.
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