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Action Research: Behavior Intervention

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Christine Lennon

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Action Research: Behavior Intervention

8 girls/ 6 boys
Third Grade Classroom
8 - African American
2 - Nigerian
2 - Mexican
5 Title I Math
3 Title I Reading
2 who cross over for both
6 of 14 Received Services
My classroom Setting
1 - Filipino/Asian
1 - Vietnamese/Mexican
Statement of the Problem:
Students do not know/use cooperation skills
Learning time is lost due to disputes or distractions

Goals for Students:
Work Cooperatively
using kind words and sharing
Work Independently
without distraction
Follow oral directions (also posted)
the first time they are given
Research Questions:
How do positive behavior interventions impact students’ cooperation with each other and students’ ability to follow oral directions?”
Types of Behavior Interventions and Incentives:
positive teacher comments,
raffle tickets/raffle box
positive behavior card changes
positive notes home
Main Goal:
* Cooperative Learning
Positive Reinforcement:
Action Research in the 2nd Grade Classroom

By: Christine Lennon
The Program:
Behavior Chart
Raffle Box
Positive Notes
More Marzano:
Recognition is most effective if it is contingent on the achievement of a certain standard.

"Pause, Prompt, Praise."
If a student is struggling, pause to discuss the problem, then prompt with specific suggestions to help her improve. If the student's performance improves as a result, offer praise.
Robert Marzano

The Art and Science of Teaching
brain based instruction
Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition
Reduces affective filter,
allowing students to learn in a “safe” environment, without fear of failure.
Effort and recognition speak to the attitudes and beliefs of students, and teachers must show the connection between effort and achievement.

Behavior Psychologist
Skinner developed the theory of operant conditioning.
The response has to be gradually nurtured and developed through the method of operant conditioning.
Rewarding appropriate responses whenever they happen to occur.

For B.F. Skinner, a “reinforcer” was anything that makes a behavior more likely.
Reinforcement and punishment are absolutely necessary.
Learning was all about reinforcement and punishment.
We learned by the outcome

B.F. Skinner:
Positive and negative "reinforcers"
Positive reinforcers are favorable events or outcomes that are given to the individual
the desired behavior.
This may come in the form of praise, rewards, etc.
Negative reinforcers
typically are characterized by the removal of an undesired or unpleasant outcome after the desired behavior.
A response is strengthened as something considered negative is removed.
The goal in both of these cases of reinforcement is for the behavior to increase.

More B.F. Skinner:
Data Collection
Student interview
When do you do your best work?
Alone - With Groups - With one other person
I use polite words i.e. please, thank you
Always - Sometimes - Rarely
Interviews with other teachers who interact with my students.
Title I Teachers
Religion Teacher
P.E. Teacher
Think Sheets

Behavior Log
Has a student improved over time?
What are the patterns?
Student Agendas
Student behavior grades are input each day.
“Virtue Chart”
Student weekly behavior grades are input if they received “G’s” or better all week long.
This rewards behavior of those who “always” do the right thing.

Reflective Journal
Personal Reflection Journal
Think Sheets
Behavior Chart
Behavior Logs
Cooperative Groups continue to need supports, accommodations and incentives.
Thank You for Listening!!
Positive Compliments
Full transcript