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Garbage King Project
Transcript of Garbage King Project
The average age in which children first become involved in street life in Ethiopia is 10 years old!
The Government estimates that 150,000 children live on the streets in Ethiopia, around
60,000 in Addis Ababa, many arriving from rural areas looking for work. However, NGOs estimate that the problem is far worse, with nearly 600,000 street children and 100,000 of these in the capital city of Addis Ababa. Addis Ababa is the city where Mamo and Dani live in the book "The Garbage King". Brazil UsA Causes of homelessness of children Theft Gangs Illness/ Diseases Drinking&Drugs Slavery Begging Starvation What countries have the highest child poverty rate? Summary of the Story: There are about 300,000 homeless people in Canada. The two biggest reasons of homelessness are poverty and lack of affordable housing. Homelessness rates increase every year. Women and children are especially the fastest growing group of homeless people in Canada. The Garbage King By: Serena Woo, Vivek Gill, Calista Abuan, Serena Bai and Yi Lin Wang Two very different boys live in the capital city of Ethiopia and somehow their paths meet.......
Mamo has no family except his sister Tiggist. Even she is taken away from him, when a man named Merga comes and kidnaps Mamo. He does this so he can sell him as slave labor. Dani however is a wealthy boy who is insecure and wants to escape his terrifying father. Mamo runs away from the farm where he is working as a slave and returns to Addis Ababa (Ethiopia's capital city). Dani runs away from his family's compound and meets Mamo. They overcome their differences and become friends. They join a street gang that Mamo's friend is a member of. Living the life of a gang member is very tough, especially for Dani. Will both boys be able to cope? Well, you'll have to read the book to find out! "GARBAGE KING" Wrap-up project Brazil is a country corrupted with homelessness. Rio de Janeiro has the highest poverty and homelessness rate in Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro, the poorest 20% of the population shares 2% of the nation's income. About 1/3 live in extreme poverty, and lots of people live without a job. Homeless children fill the streets of Rio de Janeiro. As you can see, the rate of homelessness started decreasing at 2006. Unfortunately,
homelessness has been rapidly increasing since then. India Thank you for watching! Approximetly 40% of homeless people worldwide depend on alcohol. Research indicates that a lack of money alone does not increase the chances that a person will use drugs. The relationship between poverty and drug use is more complicated. Beyond the lack of money, poverty leads to certain attitudes, behaviors, and life conditions. These same attitudes and conditions can contribute to drug use. In America 40% of homeless people are gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender. This is a higher percent then it should be. Also, 80% of homeless people are male while 20% are female. There is about 3 million homeless people, 1.5 milllion of them being children. Poverty in India is a huge issue. The nation is estimated to have a third of the world's poor population. In 2010, the World Bank stated, about a third of all Indian people fall below the international poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day while about 70% live on less than US$ 2 per day. The latest UNICEF stats show that one in three undernourished children worldwide are found In India. India is home to over 60% of all slum dwellers in South Asia In Ethiopia, children are trafficked into prostitution, to provide cheap or unpaid labor and to work as servants or beggars. The ages of these children are usually between 10 and 18. Their trafficking is from the country to urban centers and from cities to the country. Boys are often forced to do things like herding cattle in the country in Addis Ababa and other major towns. Girls are expected to do chores, take care of children, do the housework and look after their elder family members.
In the Garbage King, Mamo is taken by a stranger and is sold as cheap labour on a farm. There are lots of forms of stealing and theft. Taking something from a store (shop lifting), or taking someone's property from their home. The most common form is shop lifting. People shop lift because they are desperate. This can be for food, clothing and more. All forms of stealing are wrong and people shouldn't be doing it. In many instances, people who shop lift don't realize how wrong it is. Mamo and Dani aren't bad people. However, during their adventure when they first met (before in the gang) they lacked food and water. They stole water and food because they were desperate. According to the United Nations, about 25,000 people die a day because of starvation, or hunger related diseases. That is one person every 3 and a half seconds! Unfortunately, it is the young children (5-12 years old) that die most often because of starvation. There is plenty of food around the world for everyone. The problem is that hungry people are stuck in poverty. They don't have enough money to buy food. 1.3 billion people on earth live with $1 a day.
Starvation is mostly happening in Asian and African countries. India shares 40% of starvation worldwide. The rest of Asia and Africa share about the other 60%. THE END India has the the most homeless people in the world. SOURCES http://www.homelessworldcup.org/content/homelessness-statistics http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty_in_India http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homelessness
An estimated 3 million people are homeless in Europe. Europe Worldwide:
An estimated 100 million people are homeless worldwide http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homelessness_in_Canada http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homelessness_in_the_United_States http://www.bookrags.com/research/poverty-and-drug-use-dat-03/ There are three major categories of street gangs. The first category refers to children on the streets. These are children who maintain good family ties and often return home in the evening.
The second category refers to children of the streets. These are children with loose family contacts who spend some nights or days, or part of the day, on the streets, and occasionally go back home.
The third category is closely related to the second category, and refers to children who are completely detached from their families and live in gangs in temporary make-shift shelters. Lately, a new category of street children is emerging, children whose parents are also street children/adolescents
In the book, Mamo and Dani join a street gang. The children in the gang lived on the street. They either didn't have homes to return to or, they didn't want go back home due to issues at home. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/dpu-projects/drivers_urb_change/urb_society/pdf_social_emancip/HABITAT_UMP_Ochola_Street_children_Gangs_African_Cities.pdf Street Children
Street children experience many common diseases. Some of them include: tuberculosis, skin diseases and dental problems. All these can easily be prevented if these children have enough resources and their basic needs were met. Other STIs such as AIDS and HIV can very easily be contracted by these children (especially girls).
In the Garbage king "Karate" (a boy in Dani and Mamo's gang) is taken to the nun's hospital and eventually dies from a severe illness. http://www.unodc.org/pdf/youthnet/who_street_children_module1.PDF Conclusion Overall, we learned lots about life in other countries. Life here in Canada is very easy compared to the children in third world countries. We should appreciate everything we have, and try to help the less fortunate countries. We all enjoyed reading about Mamo and Dani's adventure. we found it very sad how children just our age have to cope with this kind of harsh lifestyle.