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Transcript of Module 1
In this picture you can see me wearing a coat (hoodie) a t-shaped garment (the t-shirt) and a bifurcated garment (my jeans). These provided adequate protection as I pilfered these fish from their homes. Otzi the Iceman Initially discovered in the Otztal Alps (from which he receives his name on Thursday, September 19, 1991 and recovered on Monday, September 23, 1991, Otzi the Iceman is a remarkably well-preserved man around five-thousand years old. In addition to being a well-preserved body much of his gear had survived the passing of time Goals for this Prezi:
Explore, at a glance, Paleolithic Dress, The Ten Motivations for Dressing, and Body Modifications and Art throughout history. People dress for all different reasons: Seduction, Protection, Group Identification, Communication with Symbols,Utility, Status Indications, Modesty, Magio-Religious Devotion, Personal Expression, and to Arouse Emotion. Often reasons can overlay— for example a nun's habit is worn for religious and modesty purposes, military stripes indicate both an affiliation with a group and a role in the hierarchy. Let's explore some examples! Seduction Arousal of Emotion Module 1:
Human Evolution and Prehistoric Dress
Motivations for Dress
Body Modification and Art This morbid looking picture
was taken by the hikers who first stumbled upon Otzi. Unfortunately you can't see any of his gear here, as he seems to not be wearing any!
Simon, Erika and Helmut. "Die Entdeckung." 1991. JPG file. This is Otzi's loincloth, it's made of goat leather and stitched with animal sinew. Given the cold climate where he lived it makes sense that covering up would be considered! Otzi's tool satchel, which contained "a scraper, a drill and a flint flake". Here we can see examples of late paleolithic stone tools. The Belt and pouch are, like most of Otzi's belongings, crafted from animal leather. A testament to the difficulty in preserving clothing across millennia, Otzi's coat has largely faded away, still the museum that provided this picture has given an outline to the general shape of the coat (although this is, of course, conjecture). All images pertaining to Otzi and his garb come from the citation below
"Home | tzi - South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology." Home | tzi - South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://www.iceman.it/en>. "Naturhistoriches Museum Wien— Top 10." Naturhistoriches Museum Wien. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://www.nhm-wien.ac.at/presse/top_10/venus_von_willendorf>. The venus of Willendorf (seen here from a top angle) is a positively ancient (22,000-24,000 BC) representation of the human form, almost certainly a fertility idol the Venus has accentuated breasts and a visibly carved vulva (not visible from this angle) it is one of the oldest physical representations of the human form, and could be considered totemic in nature. Mullen, Devin . "Different Clothing Options." 2008. JPG file. Items like this Indian Sari are draped. Saris are typically worn for comfort; given India's general hotness the flowing Sari is surprisingly apt at staying cool.
Farid, Samer. Sari. N.d. Travel Photo Contest, Varanasi, India. Sari- Traveler Photo Contest- National Geographic. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. Connet, Carole. A Man in a Green Poncho Pushing a Wheelbarrow Uphill in Aguas Calientes. 2012. Traveler Photo Contest, Agua Calientes. National Geographic. Web. 8 Feb. 2013. This man pushing a wheelbarrow in Peru is wearing a poncho. Seen here on the set of "Doctor at Sea" Bridgette Bardot was an iconic sex symbol of the 50's and 60's— this particular outfit clearly has a seductive motivation behind it, especially in the context of mid-twentieth century British or U.S. cinema.
N/A. Brigitte Bardot on the Set of Doctor at Sea. 1955. The Temptress of St. Tropez, Buckinghamshire, U.K. http://www.vanityfair.com. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. Because this outfit is not part of normative contemporary U.S youth culture, it can be inferred that part of the motivation is to project an image of rebellion and elicit a feeling of intimidation in the viewer. Unknown. "Character: Soozie." 2012. Facebook. JPG file. Magico-Religious Group Identification Status Modesty Utility Communicating with Symbols Sometimes people wear things to express devotion to their faith, this cross is a common image in Christian iconography, and can be considered a totem, and is certainly an example of symbolism. Mullen, Devin . "Grandpa's Cross." 2013. JPG file. This Wilco T-Shirt I am wearing designates me as a member of a larger group of people, i.e. fans of the band Wilco, much like a sports team, people can bond over artists and become a group through events, wearing paraphenalia signifies a common interest. Mullen, Devin . "Allentown Music Gig." 2012. JPG file. Personal Expression The large number of scarves and the pattern on Max's sweater are both examples of how people can dress to make themselves stand out in a crowd— this was taken at a "hipster" costume party.
Interestingly, only because of the nature of the event, this had the secondary effect of identifying with a larger group (hipsters). Mullen, Devin . "Costume Party." 2012. JPG file. Protection The warm coat and head wrap I've fashioned myself in this photo were worn specifically to guard against high winds and biting cold. However it had the unintended side effect of being intimidating (arousing emotion) to fellow pedestrians, as in the U.S. face coverings are not common. Mullen, Devin . "Spooky Scarf and other Ponderous Tales." 2012. JPG file. Although not as oblique as a crown or scepter, the dress that Robin is wearing here (playing Lady Macbeth) is an indicator of the character's wealth. The sash specifically is evocative of European Royalty. The golden color too is symbolic of wealth and status. Epes, Robin . "Lady Macbeth." 2012. Facebook JPG file. Because the Qur'an dictates that both men and women dress modestly, some women in Islamic countries wear a veiled garment called a Hijab— much like a nun's habit this is a fusion of two reasons for dress, Modesty and Magico-Religious. The woman on the right is wearing a hijab. Caryl, Sue. "Hijab: Veiled in Controversy." National Geographic 18 Jan. 2013: n. pag. National Geographic Education. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. The backpack is an example of utility. This obviously is not the only form utility specific items take, it can be any pouch, or a tool-belt for example. This backpack in particular is likely to be used for books as the wearer is a student.
Mullen, Devin . "Bridge Friends." 2012. JPG file. Symbols are powerful indicators of one's personal preference, place in society, or within a group— the sash of the young woman on the left bears the International Baccalaureate insignia. This designates her as taking a more rigorous course load than the other two students.The color of the robes however designates the students as going to same school.
Mullen, Devin . "Graduation." 2011. JPG file. Body Paint Although not a major facet of modern United States culture, throughout history many other cultures have conducted practices involving the application of non-permanent body paint. Let's explore a few! Kumadori Part of traditional Japanese Kabuki theatre, kumadori is the body-paint that performers wear to designate what role in the play they have. There is a specific set of qualities associated with different colors— Red is worn by benevolent figures, blue by villains, and brown by the inhuman characters. Morita, Toshiro. Suji-kuma pattern of the Aragato Kabuki samurai. N.d. Kumadori: the Makeup of Aragato Kabuki , Japan. thestorybehindthefaces.com. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. Red Ochre These three women of the Himba people of Nambia make extensive use of Red Ochre in their body paint, there is a practical use in this, in that it protects their skin from the sun. Beckwith and Fisher, Carol and Angela . Bridal Party. N.d. Himba Consulting the Past Divining the Future, Namibia . National Geographic 22 Nov. 1999: 80-97. Print. Mullen, Devin . "Pep Rally." 2010. JPG file. That's me in the back with the rebellious devil-horn hand gesture, we wore this face paint to designate that we were juniors, thus the primary motivation for this would be group identification Body Modifications Whether for ritual or aesthetic reasons body modifications can be found almost anywhere on the globe— they range from things like tattoos, dermal implants, piercings, to more exotic practices like foot-binding. Tattoos This tattoo renders an accurate picture of the wearer's personal tastes (she is a singer), the primary motivation behind it is personal expression— with a secondary implication of identifying her as a musician (or at least giving the impression). Piercings Piercings can take many forms, with earrings being (probably) the most common in United States culture. Thomas, Erin . "Profile Pic." 2011. JPG file.
Hammer, Adam. Prepping. N.d. N/A, Saint Cloud, Minn. Flickr.com. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.
Dermal Implants Another, more exotic, form of body modification is the practice of dermal implants— these are small objects which are imbedded under the skin— it has a variety of visual effects but often tends to lend an animalistic or inhuman quality to the wearer, possibly rendering it totemic in nature. Here we see a man in Minnesota who has many implants as well as large gauges in his ears.