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The Cold War

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Ella Rocker

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of The Cold War

the cold war ________________________________________ The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference, was the February 4–11, 1945 wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union—President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively—for the purpose of discussing Europe's postwar reorganization. Mainly, it was intended to discuss the re-establishment of the nations of war-torn Europe timeline 1945 - 50 1945 - Febuary 3-11 After six months of intense strategic fire-bombing of 67 Japanese cities the Japanese government ignored an ultimatum given by the Potsdam Declaration. By executive order of President Harry S. Truman the U.S. dropped the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6, 1945,followed by the detonation of "Fat Man" over Nagasaki on August 9. These are the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare. 1945 - August 6 1946 - March From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow. 1945 - 8th August Russia enters war against Japan. 1945 - August 14 Japanese surrender End of World War II 1947 - March Truman declares active role in Greek Civil War 1947 - June Marshall Plan was announced 1948 - February Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia 1948 - 24th June Berlin Blockade begins 1949 - July The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called "the (North) Atlantic Alliance", is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The NATO headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, and the organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party. 1949 - 12th May Berlin Blockade ends 1949 - September Mao Zedong, a Communist, takes control of China 1949 - September Soviets explode first atomic bomb Ella Rocker - 9SG
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