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Respiratory System - 7th Grade Brawley Middle

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by

Jill Hoffman

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Respiratory System - 7th Grade Brawley Middle

Exchanges Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide:
The Respiratory System
Definition:
the body system that functions to get oxygen from the environment and remove carbon dioxide & other wastes from the body.
Oxygen transported by red blood cells.
Air contains 20% oxygen and <1% carbon dioxide
Homeostasis:

Your nervous system will adjust your breathing so you get enough oxygen and let out enough carbon dioxide.
We breathe in a mixture of gases and exhale carbon dioxide and less oxygen.
Cellular Respiration
uses oxygen in chemical reactions = release energy
works with digestive and circulary systems
requires glucose (sugar) and oxygen
Waste product = carbon dioxide
Structures Work
Together
NOSE,
THROAT, &
TRACHEA
1. air enters your nose or mouth
2. cilia filter dirt out of the air
3. mucus traps dirt & pollen
4. nasal cavity warms air
5. air moves down trachea
6. epiglottis prevents air from entering your stomach
LUNGS
1. air moves here by bronchial tubes
2. the end of the tubes are called alveoli
3. oxygen enters blood through alveoli
4. and carbon dioxide passes from blood to the lungs
RIBS & DIAPHRAGM
1. ribs enclose thoracic cavity
2. rib cage is flexible
3. diaphragm stretches across floor of thoracic cavity
4. inhale = diaphragm contracts
5. lungs push down while ribs are drawn upward
6. air rushes into lungs
7. diaphragm relaxes = exhale
Other Activites
SPEECH and Repiratory MOVEMENTS
1. Sound = air moving over vocal cords
2. Sound into words = muscles in throat, mouth, cheeks & lips
3. Larynx (voicebox) = two-inch tube-shaped organ at top of trachea
4. Coughing or Sneezing = clears particles out of nose & throat
5. Sighing, Yawning, Laughing & Crying = involve respiratory system
6. Hiccup = sudden inhalation making the diaphragm contract
WATER REMOVAL
1. water lost in sweat, urine & exhale
2. "seeing your breath" = water vapor exhaled condenses into larger droplets in the cold air
Full transcript