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9.2 EU Institutional Architecture
Transcript of 9.2 EU Institutional Architecture
1 Commissioner per MS
5 year terms (2009 - 2014)
Pres. of Com - 'guidance'
Organised into Directorate General (DG)
Cabinets - administrative - guidance
'College of Commissioners' - weekly meeting
Application of EU law not uniform
Implementing EU law: Good, bad, ugly
Only directly elected institution
751 MEPs - 5 years (2009 - 2014)
N.B.: 1979 first direct elections
HQ - Strasburg. Brussels + Luxemburg
Pres of EP - coordinates
1. Drafts legislation + Treaty Reviews
'Right of initiative'
TFEU - 'competences'
Too much bureaucracy...?
Staff - 2013 - 32,666
Irish Civil Service -2013 - 39,200 (exc. public servants)
DG AGRI (Agriculture & Rual Affairs) - 1,035
DG MARE (Maritime Affairs & Fisheries) - 345 = 1, 380
Department for Agriculture, Food & Marine - c. 3,450
College of Commissioners...
1. Monitoring application;
3. Further shaping.
MS courts apply MS + EU law - but what if doubt?
ECJ gives binding ‘preliminary ruling’
MS courts - citizens can est. how far EU laws affect them.
Van Gend en Loos (Case 26/62)
Firm of importers - pay customs duty on glue from DE into NL
Contrary to TEC relating to duties (single market)
Dutch court referred for interpretation
All MEPs meet 12 times - 'Plenary' - Strasburg
Plenary = MEPs voting on amendments - 25 Committees
Committee = MEPs scrutinise legislation
RTÉ - European Parliament Report
1. Power to legislate law w/ CEU (not always - Budget)
2. Democratic supervision (Nomination process of Com)
2. Monitors Secondary legislation
N.B.: responsibility of implementation rests w/ MS
3. Enforcers of EU law
N.B.: Europeanisation - MS experience in dealing w/ 'acquis'
4. Represents EU at international level
Trade agreements, Sanctions, Humanitarian Aid, UN (FAO)
TOL - institution + pres.
4 times annually - Brussels #euco
'Necessary impetus for [EU's] development'
Medium-term goals - big, interlocking issues
Brings together 28 heads of state/govt
(Pres. of Com + HRFA + top civil servants)
Pres. of EuCo - coordinates
1975 - Reaching decisions more difficult
Coordination + consistency w/ more policies
N.B.: Intergovermentalism - MS centric to EU - not institutions
'Council' or 'Council of Ministers'
Ministers of MS departments meet - 10 groups
FAC - Gilmore
AgriFish - Coveney
EcoFin - Noonan
Legislates w/ EP
1. EU = new legal order in international law
Sovereignty limited (certain areas)
MS also = Citizens
2. TEC = direct effect in relationship between
MS + their Citizens
Creating individual rights which MS courts must protect
Pres. of CEU
Rotates every 6 months
Aim: Chair meetings,
CEU = MS (state sovereignty) vs EP + Com = (supranational)
Ireland - 7 times
2013 Jan - June:
'Jobs, stability and growth'
Banking Union, TTIP, CAP, CFP...
COREPER - Committee of Permanent Representatives
Each MS has PerRep in Brussels - not embassy
Ambassador - Rory Montgomery
Staff - c. 30
Committee of the Regions
1994 - Assembly of local + regional representatives
Bridge democratic deficit
N.B.: Gap between ordinary citizens + EU process of reaching decisions
353 Members (Ireland 9) - Delors Building - 6 times a year
Consultative - not binding like
Economic and Social Committee
1958 - Employer organisation, trade union, representatives of similar interests
Single Market - workers, education, health, social policy... environment
1998 - Week 10...
Agencies - 30+
Independent legal entities
Involved in implementation + regulation
Cooperation between Member States - pooling expertise
European Policy Office (EURPOL) - 1999 - the Netherlands
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders (Frontex) - 2008 - Poland
European Aslyum Support Office - 2011 - Malta
European Fisheries Control Agency - 2005 - Spain
European Maritime Safety Agency - 2002 - Portugal
Next time... To explain how it all works: Ordinary Legislative Procedure
European Peoples Party
Socialists & Democrats
United Left + Nordic Green
Freedom + Democracy
EP political groups
Council of EU
European Court of Justice
Draft, Monitor + Enforce Legislation
Heads of state/government
Only directly elected institution
Legislates with CEU
Legislate with European Parliamen
Van Gend en Loos