Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


9.2 EU Institutional Architecture

No description

Ciarán O' Driscoll

on 7 April 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of 9.2 EU Institutional Architecture

9.2 EU Institutional Architecture
1 Commissioner per MS

5 year terms (2009 - 2014)

Pres. of Com - 'guidance'

Organised into Directorate General (DG)

Drafts legislation

Cabinets - administrative - guidance

'College of Commissioners' - weekly meeting
Application of EU law not uniform

N.B: Europeanisation

Implementing EU law: Good, bad, ugly
European Council
Only directly elected institution

751 MEPs - 5 years (2009 - 2014)

N.B.: 1979 first direct elections

HQ - Strasburg. Brussels + Luxemburg

Pres of EP - coordinates
1. Drafts legislation + Treaty Reviews
'Right of initiative'
Politically independent
TFEU - 'competences'
Too much bureaucracy...?

Staff - 2013 - 32,666

Irish Civil Service -2013 - 39,200 (exc. public servants)

DG AGRI (Agriculture & Rual Affairs) - 1,035
DG MARE (Maritime Affairs & Fisheries) - 345 = 1, 380

Department for Agriculture, Food & Marine - c. 3,450
College of Commissioners...

1. Monitoring application;
2. Interpretation;
3. Further shaping.
MS courts apply MS + EU law - but what if doubt?

ECJ gives binding ‘preliminary ruling’

MS courts - citizens can est. how far EU laws affect them.
Van Gend en Loos (Case 26/62)

Firm of importers - pay customs duty on glue from DE into NL

Contrary to TEC relating to duties (single market)

Dutch court referred for interpretation
All MEPs meet 12 times - 'Plenary' - Strasburg

Plenary = MEPs voting on amendments - 25 Committees

Committee = MEPs scrutinise legislation

RTÉ - European Parliament Report
Main Roles:

1. Power to legislate law w/ CEU (not always - Budget)

2. Democratic supervision (Nomination process of Com)
2. Monitors Secondary legislation

N.B.: responsibility of implementation rests w/ MS

3. Enforcers of EU law

N.B.: Europeanisation - MS experience in dealing w/ 'acquis'
4. Represents EU at international level

Trade agreements, Sanctions, Humanitarian Aid, UN (FAO)
TOL - institution + pres.

4 times annually - Brussels #euco

'Necessary impetus for [EU's] development'

Medium-term goals - big, interlocking issues
1. Institutions

2. Bodies

3. Agencies

Brings together 28 heads of state/govt

(Pres. of Com + HRFA + top civil servants)

Pres. of EuCo - coordinates
1975 - Reaching decisions more difficult

Coordination + consistency w/ more policies

N.B.: Intergovermentalism - MS centric to EU - not institutions
'Council' or 'Council of Ministers'

Ministers of MS departments meet - 10 groups

FAC - Gilmore
AgriFish - Coveney
EcoFin - Noonan

Legislates w/ EP
1. EU = new legal order in international law
Sovereignty limited (certain areas)
MS also = Citizens

2. TEC = direct effect in relationship between
MS + their Citizens
Creating individual rights which MS courts must protect
Pres. of CEU

Rotates every 6 months

Aim: Chair meetings,
Set Agendas,
Facilitate dialogue
CEU = MS (state sovereignty) vs EP + Com = (supranational)

N.B.: Intergovernmentalism
Ireland - 7 times

2013 Jan - June:

'Jobs, stability and growth'

Banking Union, TTIP, CAP, CFP...
COREPER - Committee of Permanent Representatives

Each MS has PerRep in Brussels - not embassy

Ambassador - Rory Montgomery

Staff - c. 30
Committee of the Regions
1994 - Assembly of local + regional representatives

Bridge democratic deficit

N.B.: Gap between ordinary citizens + EU process of reaching decisions

353 Members (Ireland 9) - Delors Building - 6 times a year

Consultative - not binding like
Economic and Social Committee
1958 - Employer organisation, trade union, representatives of similar interests

Single Market - workers, education, health, social policy... environment

1998 - Week 10...
Agencies - 30+

Independent legal entities

Involved in implementation + regulation

Cooperation between Member States - pooling expertise
European Policy Office (EURPOL) - 1999 - the Netherlands

European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders (Frontex) - 2008 - Poland

European Aslyum Support Office - 2011 - Malta

European Fisheries Control Agency - 2005 - Spain

European Maritime Safety Agency - 2002 - Portugal
Next time... To explain how it all works: Ordinary Legislative Procedure
European Peoples Party
Socialists & Democrats
United Left + Nordic Green
Freedom + Democracy
EP political groups

Not parties
Council of EU
European Court of Justice
Draft, Monitor + Enforce Legislation
Member States
Heads of state/government
Only directly elected institution
Legislates with CEU
Government ministers
Legislate with European Parliamen
Van Gend en Loos
Full transcript