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The Consequences of Big Business

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by

Jerrid Harris

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of The Consequences of Big Business

Standard 12a. "New Immigration"
Major Points -
- Immigrants in the late 19th and early 20th century began emigrating from
Southern and Eastern Europe
...which are countries that have poor economies, unstable governments, and few English-like languages.
-
Ellis Island
(The Statue of Liberty) was created as a way to process these new immigrants into this country.

Impact of the New Immigrants
- Over-crowding in American cities leads to disease and crime issues.
- Their demands for agricultural and industrial goods led to economic growth (aided in the rise of the monopolies).
- They also became the low-wage labor of American Industry (unskilled labor)
- They brought cultural items with them...Polish Polka Dancing, Russian Literature, new foods (spaghetti, hotdogs, and hamburgers), new languages, and ethnic neighborhoods.
12c. The Final Curtain for Native Americans
Major Points
- Western Migration in the 19th century had forced most Indians off of their lands and into western land that was meant to be "reserved" for them through US treatises (
Treaty of Fort Laramie
).
- Once gold was discovered (
Dakota Black Hills
, 1875) then the Indians were once again forced to relocate. This resulted in the
Battle of Little Big Horn (1876)
which resulted in the complete annihilation of the 7th Cavalry under
General George Custer
by the Indian leader "
Sitting Bull
."
- Years later, in 1890, Sitting Bull returned to the States to settle on a reservation. While having his weapons confiscated, a battle broke out between the U.S. Army and the Sioux Indians led by Sitting Bull. The battle resulted in the massacre of over 300 Sioux Indians, men, women, and children. This battle would come to be known as "
Wounded Knee
" and would be the last major battle between Americans and Indians.
- It resulted in the
Severalty Dawes Act of 1890
.
12d. Labor Unrest and the Pullman Strike
Major Points
- As working conditions only improved slowly, combined with the economic panic of 1893, labor union became frustrated.
- The
Pullman Railcar
company cut its workers wages during the panic, and this set of a series of strikes.
- George Pullman executed a "
lockout
" of his employees, used
strike breakers
to put down protests, and even
Grover Cleveland
used the Supreme Court to execute an injunction of the Union Leader (
Eugene V. Debs
) and used the U.S. Army to break up the strike. Following the strike, the union was sued for the damages incurred by the railroad company.

12b. The Labor Movement
Major Points
- As industry grew, working conditions worsened. Workers began to establish groups (
Labor Unions
) as a way to bargain with their employers for better hours, better pay, and safer working conditions.
- One of the earliest Labor Unions was the
Knights of Labor
(Terrence V. Powderly). It grew quickly by allowing skilled and unskilled laborers to join. However, most labor unions were attached to radicalism and communism, and after the
Haymarket Square Riot
in 1886, the Knights of Labor fell apart.
- The
American Federation of Labor
(
Samuel Gompers
) was founded in 1886 and only allowed skilled laborers to join. Gompers advocated for "bread and butter" issues (better pay, shorter hours, safer conditions) and the AFL became the largest and most successful labor union of its time.
What is the Significance?
With corruption, conflict, economic crisis, and unskilled immigration at an all-time high...the
Gilded Age
(1877-1900) has set the stage for the
Progressive Era
(1900-1915).
Standard 12 a-d
Full transcript