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3 types of irony

Daniel Cohen

on 7 August 2014

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Transcript of Irony



3 types
of irony

What is irony?
Irony is about expectations...
the opposite of what is expected.
Verbal Irony
Verbal irony is when a character says one thing but means the opposite... Like sarcasm.
For example...
This is Peter Griffin. He's good at verbal irony.
Well... Most of the time...
This is Sheldon Cooper. He's not very good at verbal irony.
Dramatic irony is when you (as the reader or vie
wer) understand more about the events of a story than a character.
A good example of dramatic irony occurs in horror
Situational Irony
Situational Irony is when a character (and/or the audience) expects one thing, but the opposite happens; the situation itself is incredibly ironic.
Which of the following is not ironic?

A. The one time Fiona arrived at school on schedule, it turned out to be a Saturday.

B. Rusty eagerly reached for the package, unaware that it contained live rattlesnakes.

C. After a hard day at work, Sam collapsed on the couch and fell asleep.

D. Although Ana was afraid of dogs, the friendly puppy kept jumping on her.
Which of the following is ironic?

A. If your absence doesn't make any difference, your presence won't either.

B. Children are likely to live up to what you believe of them.

C. The leaf works much like a factory.

D. Before my best friend moved away, she gave me a bookmark with my name on it.
Which of the following is an example of verbal irony?

A. "If I had a million dollars, I'd be rich!"

B. "Beth has a friend whose father is a lawyer."

C. "There's nothing like piles of homework to brighten your weekend."

D. "Would you like fries with that?"
Which of the following is an example of dramatic irony?

A. Teddy bears sat on every shelf in Lydia's room.

B. It seemed as if a year had passed before Ryan answered the phone.

C. The toddler, thinking he had found a grape, got a rude surprise when he put that which we saw clearly was an olive in his mouth.

D. An old woman answered the doorbell and received a bouquet of flowers.
Which of the following is an example of situational irony?

A. Jasmine's strawberry ice cream cone dripped on her new clothes.

B. In all the confusion, Stoney slipped on the banana peel that was meant for Taffy.

C. Carrie didn't know that the burglar was hiding in the hall closet.

D. The criminal thanked the judge for sending him on a three-month, all-expenses-paid vacation to the county jail.
Sarcasm is an example of:
A. Verbal irony
B. Dramatic irony
C. Situational irony
D. All of the above
Exit Ticket
The survivors of a shipwreck are on a lifeboat when a rescue plane flies overhead. They shoot a flare to signal, but hit the plane.
A great example of situational irony is in Star Wars:
Luke Skywalker never knew his father, and grew up believing he had been killed by Darth Vader, only to find out Darth Vader IS HIS FATHER!
In Dramatic Irony,
know the fate of--what will happen to--
the characters before THEY DO!
Every time a victim is about to be killed by Jason, we know it before the victim does. We sit their helplessly watching the victim, clueless that he is about to meet his maker, head straight to his death. Dramatic Irony tends to build a lot of suspense!
Another example of Dramtic Irony can be
found in Titanic. As we watch, we all know the horriffic fate that awaits all of the passengers aboard, long before they do!
Imagine this scenario:

A man who commits terrible crimes sits on a bus and, in a moment of profound guilt, confesses them to the stranger sitting across from him.
When he exits the bus, we find out the stranger was a priest, or even an undercover detective! The irony of it all!
If your teacher wants to be verbally ironic, you might see this one day while walking in twenty minutes late to class:

Student: "Sorry I'm late to class"
Teacher: "No, no; feel free to show up WHENEVER is good for you."
What do you notice about the following scenarios?
A doctor has a car accident with an ambulance!
Your dentist has crooked teeth!
As your teacher is signing detention forms for students who did not complete
their homework, she says in an irritated voice, “I just love when students don’t
do their homework!”

How did the use
of irony deepen
the impact and power
of the poem "Richard Cory?"
Full transcript