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British Literature

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on 30 July 2016

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Transcript of British Literature

AD 499
British Literature
Old English was a derivative of languages of Germanic and Scandinavian invaders combined with the Roman Latin of the previous era
Infiltrating Old English and transforming it to Middle English
literature associated with United Kingdom, Isle of Man, and Channel Islands
Includes literature from:
Northern Ireland
Involves writings in:
The Restoration & The Enlightenment
Peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities, and national self-confidence
Language became closer to what we have today.
Writers are more concerned with imagination and feeling than with the power of reason
First piece of English literary work
National epic of the English people
Long poem of over 3,000 lines
Story of a hero. The best example of an Anglo-Saxon, and a superior warrior
Intellectual movement or the rebirth of the letters
began in Italy in the 14th century and gradually spread all over Europe
late 1300s
late 1400s
Canterbury Tales
Geoffrey Chaucer's account of a group of pilgrims who are on their way to the chapel at Canterbury
Everyman: The Morality Play

Religious drama of probable derivation of another work
William Caxton
Merchant, diplomat, writer, and printer
Introduced first printing press in England
Some most important works printed by Caxton include:
The Death of Arthur
Thomas Malory
Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
William Shakespeare
English poet and playwright
Greatest writer in the English language
Major Works:
Romeo and Juliet
John Donne
English poet and cleric
pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets
Major Works:
Biathanatos (1608)
Pseudo-Martyr (1610)
Ignatius His Conclave (1611)
An Anatomy ot The World (1611)
Alexander Pope
Jonathan Swift
Daniel Defoe
Samuel Johnson
English Poet
London, England
Best-regarded comic writer and satirist of English poetry
Third most frequently quoted writer in The
Oxford Dictionary of Quotations

Major Works:
Rape of Lock - most famous poem
Essay on Man
Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady
Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, poet, and cleric
Dublin, Ireland
Foremost prose satirist in the English language
Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, MB Drapier

Major Works
Gulliver's Travels
A Modest Proposal
A Tale of a Tub
English trader, writer, and journalist
London, England
Prolific and versatile writer
One of the earliest proponents of the novel

Major Works:
Robinson Crusoe
Memoirs of a Cavalier
Moll Flanders
English writer, essayist, biographer, editor, and lexicographer
Staffordshire, England
Most distinguished man of letters in English history

Major Works:
Dictionary of the English Language
The Vanity of Human Wishes
Lives of the Poets
Frankenstein's Monster
by Mary Shelley
Wuthering Heights
by Emily Brontë
Shakespeare's Sister
by Virginia Woolf
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
by J.K. Rowling
The Lord of the Rings
by J.R.R. Tolkien
The World is Too Much With Us
by William Wordsworth
Leader: De La Cruz, Christelle
Members: Bacarisa, Jared
Gonzales, Alexie
Magpayo, Roselle
Santos, Nicole
Tolentino, Regina

Anglo-saxon/Old English (449-1066)

Medieval (1066-1485)
Renaissance (1485-1660)
Neoclassical (1660-1798)
Romantic (1798-1832)
Victorian (1832-1900)
Modern (1900-Present)
Works of literature:
1. Oral Traditions
2. Poetry
Christianity allowed for the spread
of the Roman Alphabet to Britain
Centered around central-ruled ancestral tribes
Hwæt! We Gardena in geardagum,
þeodcyninga, þrym gefrunon,
hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon.
Oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum,
monegum mægþum, meodosetla ofteah,
egsode eorlas. Syððan ærest wearð
feasceaft funden, he þæs frofre gebad,
weox under wolcnum, weorðmyndum þah,
oðþæt him æghwylc þara ymbsittendra
So. The Spear-Danes in days gone by
and the kings who ruled them had courage and greatness.
We have heard of those princes' heroic campaigns.

There was Shield Sheafson, scourge of many tribes,
a wrecker of mead-benches, rampaging among foes.
This terror of the hall-troops had come far.
A foundling to start with, he would flourish later on
as his powers waxed and his worth was proved.
In the end each clan on the outlying coasts
beyond the whale-road had to yield to him
Original text on left, translated on right
Works of literature: Plays
Mostly features:
1. Religion
2. Chivalric Code
3. Romances
The crusades introduced a money economy to Britain for the first time while also boosting trading.
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
by Unknown
Pride and Prejudice
by Jane Austen
by William Shakespeare
by Bram Stoker
William Blake
English painter, poet, print maker
considered a seminal figure of the history of poetry
38 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons
Other Literary Figures
Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400)

William Langland (1332-1386)

Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542)

Philip Sidney (1554-1586)

Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593)
Other Literary Figures
• William Wordsworth (1770-1850)

• Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

• Robert Burns (1759-1796)

• John Keats (1795-1821)

• George Gordon (1751-1793)
Other Literary Figures
• Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892)

• Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)

• Christina Rossetti (1830-1894)

• Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889)

• Charles Dickens (1812-1870)

Sonnet 18
by William Shakespeare (1564-1616)

William Blake
English painter, poet, print maker
considered a seminal figure of the history of poetry
38 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons

Edward Thomas
Rupert Brooke
Anglo-welsh poet and essayist
Lambeth, London
Commonly considered a war poet

Old Man
The Cherry Trees
English poet
Rugby, Warwick shire
Known for idealistic war sonnets
"Handsomest young man in England"

The Soldier
Beauty and Beauty
The Dead
When Love has Changed to Kindliness

Oscar Wilde
Irish writer and poet
Dublin, Ireland
One of London's most popular playwrights

The Picture of Dorian Gray
Importance of Being Earnest

Virginia Woolf
English writer
London, England
One of the foremost modernist of the 20th century
Significant figure in the influential Bloomsbury group of intellectuals

Shakespeare's Sister
Mrs. Dalloway
To the Lighthouse
A Room of One's Own

Henry James
American-british writer
New York City, United States
One of the key figures of 19th century literary realism
contributed significantly to literary criticism

Miss Maggie Mitchell in Franchon the Cricket
A Tragedy Error
The Nation
Atlantic Monthly

Shall I compare you to a summer's day?
You are more lovely and more constant:
Rough winds shake the beloved buds of May
And summer is far too short:
At times the sun is too hot,
Or often goes behind the clouds;
And everything beautiful sometime will lose its beauty,
By misfortune or by nature's planned out course.
But your youth shall not fade,
Nor will you lose the beauty that you possess;
Nor will death claim you for his own,
Because in my eternal verse you will live forever.
So long as there are people on this earth,
So long will this poem live on, making you immortal.

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