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Jeffersonian Era

The Man, The Myths, The American Sphinx

Damian Cohen

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Jeffersonian Era

He's A Sinner The Rise of Political Parties Whiskey Rebellion 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts Plagarist, adulter,
slave owner,a man
who decries govt. power
but uses it at will, a
so-called atheist,a riddle
wrapped in an enigma and
thereby truly a Founding
Brother Anti-Bank of the United States
No special favors for business
Strong state government
Support from South/West
Faith in the "common man"
Strict interpretation of the Constitution

Political parties enhance republicanism and
ultimately democracy-- more people get involved,
we have choices, elite politicians speaking to
the common masses, eventually caucuses will nominate
candidates, and even propaganda is used to sway people Jefferson comes to
believe in a
Federalist conspiracy
to abuse power. Why is this important? Because the Alien and Sedition Acts (1798), which aimed to attack the Democratic-Republicans, provides our first glimpse into the theory of nullification, lead to the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1799), and buttress the argument of compact theory. THE 1790s 1793-Washington's Neutrality Proclamation (establishes isolationism)
1793-Citizen Genet (embarrasses Jeffersonian Republicans)
Freedom of the seas (Great Britain and France both violate)
1794-Jay's Treaty (Jeffersonians believe this treaty betrays the South)
1798-XYZ Affair (more embarrassment) The So-Called Revolution of 1800 Controversial because 1. VP Jefferson opposes P John Adams (his on again, off again, on again friend) and 2. Aaron Burr decides to become ambitious

Important because we see a peaceful transfer of power from one political party (Federalists) to another (Democratic Republicans). We also see an ever-increasing role of newspapers-- which will expand republicanism, participatory self-government, and the demand for voting rights. His Presidency * He believes that his party represented the so-called "Spirit of 76'" yet in truth he kept most Federalist policies intact (allows A&S Acts to expire, eliminates some excise taxes, etc.).
* His greatest presidential accomplishment (potentially) was his reversal on strict interpretation and ultimate purchase of the Louisiana Territory.
* His second term as President was an economic disaster. In his attempts to remain neutral, the Jefferson Administration helped to enforce the Embargo Act and Non-Intercourse Act. In turn, the country promoted isolationism. On the other hand, this attempt at isolationism does promote a growing sense of nationalism.
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