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Jim Crow Laws

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on 22 December 2013

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Transcript of Jim Crow Laws

President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Seen to be a significant step towards racial equality

What are Jim Crow Laws?
Notable Events
"All nationalistic distinctions - all claims to be better than somebody else because you have a different-shaped skull or speak a different dialect - are entirely spurious, but they are important so long as people believe in them."
-George Orwell
Jim Crow Laws
Segregation laws, rules and customs which arose after Reconstruction ended in 1877 and continued until the mid 1960s
Fun Fact:
Jim Crow was not actually a person, but rather a character in a musical (more about that later!)
“Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a colored school.”
—Missouri, 1929
in education
in society
“Any person...presenting for public acceptance or general information, arguments or suggestions in favor of social equality or of intermarriage between whites and negroes, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or imprisonment not exceeding six months or both fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.”
—Mississippi, 1920
marriage and judicial system
“Marriages are void when one party is a white person and the other is possessed of one-eighth or more negro, Japanese, or Chinese blood.”
—Nebraska, 1911

“It shall be unlawful for any white prisoner to be handcuffed or otherwise chained or tied to a negro prisoner.”
—Arkansas, 1903
Thomas Dartmouth Rice
Known for his minstrel performance of Jump Jim Crow that mocked African Americans
"Jim Crow" soon became synonymous with the institutional segregation and racism in the American South
1890- 1908 Voting Laws
Ku Klux Klan
The Emancipation Proclamation
'Separate but Equal' Supreme Court Rulings
Rosa Parks
"I Have A Dream"
Martin Luther King Jr
Scottsboro Boys
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a white supremacist terrorist organization
Created by Confederate Army veterans
Believed only white, heterosexual Christians deserve civil rights.
Beat, raped, and lynched Blacks and sympathetic Whites
Lynching of Black people in the Southern and border states was used to terrorize Blacks and maintain white supremacy
Lynchings included hanging or shooting, maiming, dismemberment and castration
what is lynching?
Public speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr who was an American civil rights activist
Spoke of dreams of dreams of freedom and equality
Defining moment of Civil Rights Movement
From 1890 to 1908, new constitutions were created.
They came with provisions that effectively disfranchised most blacks.
Ranging from literacy tests to residency requirements, which were difficult for most blacks to fulfill.

Refused to give up her seat in the coloured section to a white passenger in the coloured section
Important symbol in modern Civil Rights Movement
Recognised for resistance to social segregation
'Separate but Equal' was a legal doctrine in US constitutional law
Justified systems of racial segregation
Allowed separation of services, facilities and accomodations on condition that they remained equal
most notably:
the "Plessy vs Ferguson" incident of 1896
In 1931, Alabama, nine black youths known as the Scottsboro Boys, were charged with raping two white women
Stirred much controversy with an all-white jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, and an angry mob
Jury sentenced all eight of the nine boys to death, causing much protest
Case taken to the U.S Supreme court, which freed four of the youngest defendants, sentencing the rest to jail time
trudy, hannah, audrey

Signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson
Prohibited discrimination in public places
Provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities
Made employment discrimination illegal
Passage ended the application of the Jim Crow laws
Rosa Parks
Full transcript