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AQA GCSE PE Muscular System
Transcript of AQA GCSE PE Muscular System
To be able to name the three TYPES of Muscle and their FUNCTION in the body.
To identify and explain the function of the eleven voluntary muscles.
To describe & explain how Antagonistic pairs work together & provide sporting examples.
6. Describe and explain how movement occurs at the elbow joint. (4 Marks)
In your answer try to include the following terms:
Bicep Tricep Flexion
Extension Contracts Relaxes
Exam Questions (B Grade)
Q1. Which muscle is contracting to allow the cyclist in the photo to flex his leg at the knee? (1 mark)
Exam Question (C Grade)
Task 2 - Muscle for Movement
Q2. Which muscle is contracting to allow Jonny Wilkinson in the photo below to extend his leg at the knee? (1 mark)
The 3 Functions of Muscles
Three Types of Muscle
The body's involuntary muscles work our internal organs.
They are outside our control.
Voluntary or Skeletal
These muscles are controlled by conscious messages from the nervous system:
1. Latissimus Dorsi
3. Rotator Cuff
8. Hamstrings Group
9. Quadriceps Group
11. Tibialis Anterior
12. Hip Flexors
Cardiac muscle is unique to the
It never tires.
Fast Acting - Powerful - Eventually Will Tire
Exam Questions (A/B Grade)
Q 7. Describe and explain the term ISOTONIC and relate it to a sporting action.
Q 8. Describe and explain the term ISOMETRIC and relate it to a sporting action.
Flexion & Extension
Abduction & Adduction
Isotonic Muscle Contractions
Agonist & Antagonist
- Attach MUSCLE to BONE
- PREVENTS the bone wearing away.
- Attach BONE to BONE
Q3. Which of the following is the correct muscle type for the bicep:
B. Fast twitch
C. Slow twitch
D. Involuntary (1 mark)
Q4. When contracting the gastrocnemius:
A. Straightens the arm at the elbow
B. Bends the leg at the knee
C. Points the toes
D. Flexes the abdomen (1 mark)
Q5. State the difference between voluntary and involuntary muscle
Honours Thinking - Key Questions.
Choose 3 sports and identify the main muscles used in executing a play/move/shot/shape in that activity.