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Middle Age Inventions

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kaye peden

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Middle Age Inventions

The middle ages (5th – 15th Centuries AD), often termed The Dark Ages, were actually a time of great discovery and invention. The Middle ages also saw major advances in technologies that already existed, and the adoption of many Eastern technologies in the West. The Mechanical Clock was came from medieval Europe, made in 1386.They became common in churches and monasteries and were used to tell when to toll the bells for regular prayers or church attendance. (The very word "clock" is from the French cloche, meaning "bell.") The Mechanical Clock Around 1000AD, the first vision aid was invented (inventor unknown) called a reading stone, which was a glass sphere that was laid on top of the material to be read that to magnified the letters.
Around 1284 in Italy, Salvino D'Armate is credited with inventing the first wearable eye glasses. This picture is a reproduction copied from an original pair of eye glasses dating back to the mid-1400's. Eyeglasses Armor Middle Age Innventions Crossbow When do you think the crossbow was invented?

A. 1285
B. 1050
C. 1182
D. 1439 If you picked B you are correct the crossbow was made in 1050. These crossbows were used for hunting and military purposes. They were first known to use rocks as ammunition. Some say it's inspiration was the sling shot. Early Crossbows have been found in European, Scottish, and Scandinavian areas. http://science.howstuffworks.com/crossbow.htm http://www.21stcenturyschools.com/Compass.htm http://www.fi.edu/time/Journey/Time/Escapements/briefclkhis.html Compass The first idea of the compass was found in China in the 4th century. They noticed lodestone was always faced in one way. In the 6th century they used iron for the needle instead on Iodestone. This was most commonly used in the 12th century by sailors. http://www.gulfcoastlivingonline.com/pleasure-time/on-the-waterway/182-the-history-of-the-compass The Chinese innovated their catapults to eventually develop a gun with a metal barrel, gunpowder and a projectile by the 12th century. Gun powder has been dated as early as 850 AD. The gunpowder was used for military purpose and first recorded in 919 AD. By the 11th century, explosive bombs filled with gunpowder and fired from catapults were used in China. Gun and Gunpowder http://www.silk-road.com/artl/gun.shtml The first sawmill was developed for shipbuilding. The first references to a working sawmill describe the Hierapolis sawmill of the 4th century in Turkey. http://www.answerbag.com/q_view/2148930#ixzz296PnKiMV The Sawmill http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventions/a/glass_3.htm Windmill Evidence of windmills in England dates from the 12th century, with earlier references to "mills" (such as in the 11th century Doomsday Book) generally talking about either animal or water powered mills.
From the 14th and 15th centuries illustrations of windmills have been found. http://www.windmillworld.com/windmills/history.htm Hourglasses have been found as far back as the 11th century.
From the 14th century an hourglass has appeared in a painting by Ambrogio Lorenzetti in 1328. The earliest written records come from the same period and appear in lists of ships stores.
From the 15th century onwards they were being used in a wide range of applications at sea, in the church, in industry and in cookery. The ship’s page to turn the hourglasses every hour and record in the ship’s log. Hourglasses http://listverse.com/2007/09/22/top-10-inventions-of-the-middle-ages/ Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg, borrowed money to invent a technology that changed the world of printing. Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press with replaceable and moveable wooden or metal letters in 1436, completed by 1440. This method of printing can be credited not only for a revolution in the production of books, but also in arts and religion http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventors/a/Gutenberg.htm Medieval armor started with padded clothing and Chain mail which were used before to the development of suits of Armor and then worn in with the suits of armour. It was designed and developed as protection against any new and even more deadly weapons. Armour was innovated until the knight eventually became almost a living fortress. Defense was vital on the Battlefields of the Middle Ages and the armour provided essential body protection from the various weapons which were used in battle including the two-handed sword, bow and arrows, crossbow, battle axe, mace, dagger and lance. http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-swords-and-armor/medieval-armor.htm It is unknown who invented the first horseshoe. Early Asian horsemen used horse booties made from leather and plants. During the first century the Romans made leather and metal shoes called "hipposandals". By the 6th and 7th centuries, European horsemen had begun nailing metal shoes to horses' hooves. Around 1000 AD, cast bronze horseshoes with nail holes had became common in Europe. The 13th and 14th centuries iron horseshoes became popular. Horseshoes http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blhorseshoe.htm Click Here to veiw more on Mills
http://www.engr.psu.edu/mtah/photos/video/MIllsTale-intro.mov
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