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Cuban Missile Crisis
Transcript of Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy's decisions and dilemmas during the Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy's reaction to reconnaissance photographs
Various strategic meetings were organised
EXCOMM was formed
Secret meetings between Robert Kennedy and Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin was set up.
Bay of Pigs invasion
Blockade of Cuba
Cuban Missile Crisis
Reasons for Soviet involvement
What is the Cuban Missile Crisis?
Also known as the October Crisis in Cuba and Caribbean Crisis in the former USSR
Regarded as the moment in which the Cold War could have potentially turned into a nuclear conflict
In 1962, President Kennedy authorized a plan to overthrow the Castro regime called Operation Mongoose
Operation Mongoose involved terrorist attacks
EXCOMM's reaction to missiles in Cuba
Advised Kennedy to opt for a full scale invasion
Advised for multiple air strikes in Cuba
Placed 551 fighter bombers on standby for bomb runs to Cuba
The Vietnam war had exposed the truth of war and the public protested against it.
He was concerned about public opinions.
He was a democrat .
He did not want to embarrass the USA.
Much of the military power was used up in Vietnam
Cuba accepted the Soviet plan to install missiles
270,000 Cubans were armed and ready to fight
USSR to dismantle weapons in Cuba
USSR to remove craft from US proximity
US to remove weapons from Turkey & Italy
US agrees never to invade Cuban Peninsula
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
Defense Readiness Condition 2
2600 Strategic Nuclear Warheads
150 Million Tons of Smoke
Global Cooling of 20-30° Celsius
Mass Extinction of human populace
Proved to be a turning point in relations
Brinkmanship policy tested and discarded
Hotline established between USSR & USA
A Thorn in Everyone's Side
Cuba felt not included in decision process
Nearby American Guantanamo Bay base left intact
Russia 'betrayed' Cuba
US Trade & Arms embargo extended to Businesses
Chomsky, N., 2012. The Guardian. [Online]
Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/oct/15/cuban-missile-crisis-russian-roulette
[Accessed 01 09 2013].
Oman, L, Roback, A & Stenchikov, GL 2007, 'Nuclear winter revisited with a modern climate model and current
nuclear arsenals: Still catastrophic consequences', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 112. Available from: <http://climate.envsci.rutgers.edu/pdf/RobockNW2006JD008235.pdf>. [2 September 2013].
(Oman, Roback, Stenchikov 2007)
LaGrone, S., 2012. U.S. Naval Institute Online News. [Online]
Available at: http://news.usni.org/2012/10/24/soviet-perspective-cuban-missile-crisis-nikita-khrushchevs-son
Unc.edu. 2007. White | Robert Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis: A Reinterpretation. [online] Available at: http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2007/0709/whit/white_rfk.html [Accessed: 5 Sep 2013].
Www2.gwu.edu. 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: Anatomy of a Controversey. [online] Available at: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/moment.htm [Accessed: 5 Sep 2013].
Washingtonpost.com. 1992. Washingtonpost.com: Cuba Special Report. [online] Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/cuba/stories/history010792.htm [Accessed: 5 Sep 2013].
Cuba joined the Soviet pact
USSR was obliged to protect its all their allies or their allies would not trust them
As a superpower USSR had to defend the smallest peice of land to maintain its status
Was a signal for USA to not invade Cuba
Brenner, P., 2008. THREE PERSPECTIVES: A SIMULATION. [Online].