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Transcript of British History
They began to win wide lands to plough and to rule.
10th Century Alfred of Wessex
England fell under.
11th century King Canute
The various kingdoms created by the
Nordic invaders to be united.
9th century ''Egbert''
Introduced the Norman feudal system.
1066 William of Normandy
Defeated at the battle of Hastings.
1066 King Harold
The origins of Parliament are to be found in his reign. It was a meeting of the king and his barons and servants at which various administrative and financial problems were discussed.
In 1295 called a parliament that became known as te Model Parliament.
A war fought between France and England, had a devastating effect on the English economy.
The hundred years war
A plague that killed a third of the population of England
The black death 1348
The magna carta was a document that contained a long list of limitations to the King's power, King John was forced to sign this.
King John and the magna carta
Was the first step towards the ending of the feudal system in england.
The Peasants' Revolt
The war of the roses ended when Henry of Tudor united the two rival houses, giving origin to the Tudor dynasty
Henry VII and the war of the roses (1455- 85)
Defy the pope and the Catholic powers of Europe.
Henry VIII (1509 - 1547)
She restored national unity. Her reign is considered by many as the Golden Age of English history.
Elizabeth I ( 1558 - 1603)
The conflict between King and Parliament
Convinced of the divine right of the kings, the Stuart kings James I and Charles I followed the medieval notion of monarchy ignoring Parliament.
The Civil War (1642)
Presented a radical constitutional document which included strict separation between the different branches of goverment.
The Levellers (1648)
The monarchy was restored in 1660, when Charles II was invited to sit on the throne of a country tired of the harsh morality of Puritan rule. The plague, which killed almost 70,000 of London's inhabitants and the Grat Fire, which destroyed most of the city during his reign were considered signs of God's wrath by the Puritans.
The Restoration of the Monarchy (1660)
1707: Under Queen Anne Scotland was united with England and by the Act of Union Their Parliaments became one.
The 18th Century
The Agricultural Revolution
In the country the open fields with their tiny strips of land worked by peasant farmers were rapidily replaced by compact farms.
The Industrial Revolution
Industry was transformed from hand-work at home to machine-work in factories.
The british empire led by an array of great statesmen and supported by great industrial expansion, grew to a size so vast that ''the sun never sets upon it''
Queen Victoria ( 1837 - 1901)
The industrial revolution had now entered its second stage. Life in the new factories and towns was one of a terrible hardship.
The rise of the working class
Parliament was forced to come with terms with the new social conditions. The reform act of 1832 was followed by other social reforms
In the last quarter of the century there was a massive increase in trade unionism and in 1893 the founding of the Labour Party gave the proletariat a greater voice in Parliament.
Britain's Decline as a World Power (1901)
Victoria's Death in 1901 coincided with the beginning of the decline in the power of the empire.
The rivalry between the great European powers led almost inevitably to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It was the bloodiest war in History.
World War 1 (1914)
Was a period of severe hardship throughout Europe as the depressed economies struggled to recover from the war effort in the face of the expanding American and Asian economies.
The years of depression
Britain and France were still not ready when they declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939 after Hitler's invasion of Poland.
World War II (1939)
Enabled the party to obtain a massive majority in the 1945 elections.
This legislation came to be known as the Welfare State.
Labour's triumph (1945)
During 1950's there was a period of massive growth in the private sector.
The Affluent society (1950)
The 60's and 70's
Were for the young people of Britain a time of great excitement and liberation, Teenagers had jobs, money in their pockets and the freedom to spend it.
The swinging sixties (1960)
The Tory government faced by the same problems of low growth rate, high trade deficits and high wage claims backed by numerous strikes, attempted the same cure of a prices and income policy.
The Seventies (1970)
Britain and Ireland
Most people in Britain favored Home Rule for Ireland, but the protestant unionists in the north were sufficiently strong to prevent it.
The independence being conceded to the 26 countries of southern Ireland
The Thatcher Revolution
The Iron Lady was elected Prime Minister in 1979
In 1982 she faced an invasion of the Falkland Islands
She became even more popular with the electorate and won the biggest post-war majority in the House of Commons.